Saint-Jérôme Line (AMT)
An inbound train at Parc Station.
|System||Agence métropolitaine de transport|
|Locale||Montreal, Laval, Laurentides|
|Termini||Lucien-L'Allier railway station
Saint-Jérôme railway station
|Daily ridership||12,600 (2013)|
|Operator(s)||Canadian Pacific Railway|
|Line length||62.8 km (39.0 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Saint-Jérôme line is a commuter railway line in Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It is operated by the Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport services across this region.
The Saint-Jérôme Line was operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) between 1882 and 1981. The line was not active until the AMT resumed passenger service in 1997.
There are 13 inbound and 13 outbound departures each weekday. There are six departures on Saturday and Sunday, although these trains stop at De La Concorde Station with connection to De La Concorde Metro station, instead of continuing to Parc or Lucien-L'Allier Station.
The line offers service on weekdays with limited service to and from de la Concorde Metro on weekends. The frequency of service is 25–45 minutes during rush hour and every two hours outside of rush hour, of which five trips continue to or begin at Lucien-L'Allier station. All other trips begin or end at Parc Metro station. Riders can transfer to the 935 Trainbus service to travel to downtown (in the mornings) or to Parc station (in the afternoons).
Today, more than 12,000 people ride the line daily.
The line between Montreal and Saint-Jérôme was built in 1876 by the Quebec, Montreal, Ottawa and Occidental Railway (QMOO), which was owned by the Government of Quebec. In 1881, it was sold to Canadian Pacific along with the line on the north shore of the St. Lawrence and Ottawa rivers, between Quebec City and Ottawa. CP operated Le petit train du nord, the Ottawa train via Lachute, the Quebec train via Trois-Rivières as well as the Sainte-Thérèse RDC train along this route between 1882 and 1979.
The Montreal–Blainville line was originally opened in July 1997 and was supposed to serve commuters during the construction on the Marius Dufresne Bridge. In its early stages of life, the AMT Blainville train was composed of a GP9 locomotive and four Canadian Vickers Gallery Coaches. Although it offered only three departures per day (two peak, one reverse peak), it instantly became very successful. In 1997, there were only four stations: Blainville, Sainte-Thérèse, Saint-Martin, and Jean-Talon (now Parc). The stations were merely wooden platforms with gravel parking lots; not too much money was spent because the line was not supposed to become permanent. Service increased in September 1997 to six departures per day (four peak, two reverse peak) and stations were added at Sainte-Rose and Henri-Bourassa (now Bois-de-Boulogne), the line had become permanent. The Rosemère station at Rosemère was built in 1998.
To make the operation successful, buses were used to carry passengers from areas around the stations in Blainville and Sainte-Thérèse. These buses came from the CIT des Basses-Laurentides (now CIT Laurentides). In Montreal STCUM (now STM) buses were used from the Jean-Talon Station to downtown Montreal (Guy-Concordia) metro station (The 935 Trainbus Blainville / Centreville).
In 1999, the STCUM had problems with a number of buses in their Nova LFS fleet, pulling them off the roads completely. To cope with the situation the AMT decided to extend the service from Parc metro directly downtown to Gare Windsor (now Lucien-L'Allier Terminus).
A little while later, a stop was added at the currently existing Vendôme station.
In late 2003, a stop was added at Montréal-Ouest. Trains previously passed through the station without stopping.
Following the collapse of the De la Concorde overpass in Laval in October 2006, the AMT opened the temporary station Vimont on Bellerose Boulevard in anticipation of increased ridership. The AMT also leased 8 bilevel coaches and one F59PH locomotive from GO Transit to allow of additional trains in the short term. In November the highway was re-opened, and the leased train set was returned to GO Transit; however, the Vimont station became a permanent stop on the line.
On January 8, 2007, the line was extended from Blainville to Saint-Jérôme; The new Chabanel station was also opened, and a new schedule was released. As a result, only 10 round trips are made per day instead of 11.
In 2013, work was completed to double the track between Sainte-Rose station and Saint-Martin Junction and install Automatic Train Control (ATC) between Parc station and the end of the line in Saint-Jérôme. Various upgrading at different stations is ongoing and will be complete by November 2013. The $50-million project allowed for the addition of six weekday departures starting August 5, 2013.
- The Vimont train station will be made permanent once the City of Laval completes its extension of boulevard Dagenais. The project includes 400 parking spaces, a bus loop, improved access via Bellerose and Dagenais boulevards and moving the Route verte bike path. Pending government approval, the project could be completed by 2013.
- A train station is projected in Mirabel. The project has been delayed for years due to agricultural zoning issues. The station project has been put on hold.
- The AMT is planning a station in Outremont at the current site of the Outremont Yards. The Université de Montréal purchased the land and plans to convert the rail yards into a second campus in Montréal. The project is currently under study by the City of Montéal and the AMT. No timeline has been given.
- The AMT is studying improving access to its Blainville and Sainte-Thérèse train stations as well as doubling the railway between Sainte-Rose and Sainte-Thérèse, which includes work to double the track over a bridge.
- There are also plans to bring the line into Mount Royal Tunnel, joining the Deux-Montagnes Line. The proposed plan would reduce travel time to downtown Montreal by 15 minutes, arriving directly at Central Station, instead of circling Mount Royal and the Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough to arrive at Lucien-L'Allier station. The AMT purchased dual-powered locomotives, like the ones to be used on the Mascouche Line, so that trains may run electrically when in the tunnel while continuing to operate on diesel on the rest of the line.
There are 13 stations on the Saint-Jérôme Line:
|Lucien-L'Allier||Ville-Marie, Montreal||Downtown Terminus (Terminus RTL), Lucien-L'Allier Metro station, Société de transport de Montréal (STM) 36 (On rue Saint-Antoine), 150, 358, 410, 430, 535 (On René Lévesque Boulevard), 935 Trainbus Blainville / Centreville (one block away at the corner of René-Lévesque Boulevard and Peel Street).|
|Vendôme||Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal||(connection to Vendôme Metro station) STM 17 (north bound at the corner of Decarie Boulevard and De Maisonneuve Boulevard, south bound at the corner of rue Girouard and chemin Upper Lachine), 37, 90, 102, 104, 105, 124, 371 (same corners as 17) and 24, 63, 356 (these last three one block north on Sherbrooke Street west).|
|Montréal-Ouest||Montreal West||STM 51, 90 (250 metres south on rue Saint-Jacques), 105, 123, 162.|
|Parc||Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, Montreal||Parc Metro station, STM 16, 80, 92, 93, 365, 372, 535. AMT 935.|
|Chabanel||Ahuntsic-Cartierville, Montreal||STM 54, 135, 146. Within walking distance of the projected L'Acadie station on the Mascouche Line|
|Bois-de-Boulogne||STM 135, 164, 171, 180, 380. STL Route 55.|
|De La Concorde||Laval-des-Rapides, Laval||De La Concorde Metro station, STL 33, 37, 42|
|Vimont||Vimont, Laval||STL 27, 45|
|Sainte-Rose||Sainte-Rose, Laval||STL 63, 65, 73, 151 (1.5 kilometres west on Dufferin Street, provides connection to Cote Vertu metro station).|
|Rosemère||Rosemère||CIT Laurentides Routes: 12, 17, 19, 20, 22|
|Sainte-Thérèse||Sainte-Thérèse||CIT Laurentides Routes: 9, 11, 18, 21, 22, 23, 27, 50, 51, 52, 60, 61, 62, 88 (Connection to Deux-Montagnes station).
MRC Les Moulins: 23 (Connection to Terminus Terrebonne).
|Blainville||Blainville||CIT Laurentides Route 70, 71|
|Saint-Jérôme||Saint-Jérôme||CIT Laurentides Routes 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9.|
- The Gare Saint-Martin, which was located 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) north of Gare De La Concorde, was closed on Friday April 27, 2007. De La Concorde Metro was opened on the next day and Gare De La Concorde was opened on Monday April 30, 2007.
- The Saint-Jérôme Line operates over the following Canadian Pacific Railway subdivisions:
Westmount Subdivision Lucien-L'Allier 0.1 Montreal West 4.6 North Junction Lead Montreal-West 0.0 St-Luc Jct* 2.1 Adirondack Subdivision St-Luc Jct 45.4 Outremont* 49.1 Parc Subdivision Outremont 4.7 Saint-Jérôme 32.9
- * Saint-Luc Jct and Outremont are not passenger stops.
- "Rapport d'activités 2013" (in French). Agence métropolitaine de transport. 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "Rapport d'activités 2012" (in French). Agence métropolitaine de transport. 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- "Horaire Montreal/Blainville Saint-Jerome". AMT. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
- "Horaire Montreal/Blainville Saint-Jerome (January 8, 2007". AMT. 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
- "Reprise du service de la navette trainbus 935, de la gare Jean-Talon au centre-ville". AMT. 1999. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
- "Train de Banlieue Montréal/Blainville/Saint-Jérôme". AMT. 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-08.
- Increasing capacity on the Blainville–St-Jérôme Line http://www.amt.qc.ca/corp_template.aspx?id=2580&LangType=1033
- Programme triennal d'immobilisations 2012-13-14 http://www.amt.qc.ca/salledepresse/publications.aspx
- "Plan du Reseau STM 2007". STM. 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "Plan du Reseau de Nuit STM 2006". STM. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.
- "Plan du Reseau STL 2008". STL. 2008. Archived from 2008 the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
- "CIT Laurentides". CIT Laurentides. 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-26.