Blairmore, Alberta

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Blairmore
Blairmore is located in Alberta
Blairmore
Blairmore
Location of Blairmore in Alberta
Coordinates: 49°36′29″N 114°26′34″W / 49.6081°N 114.4428°W / 49.6081; -114.4428Coordinates: 49°36′29″N 114°26′34″W / 49.6081°N 114.4428°W / 49.6081; -114.4428
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Census division No. 15
Specialized municipality Municipality of Crowsnest Pass
Government
 • Type Unincorporated
 • Governing body Municipality of Crowsnest Pass Council
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 2,088
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)

Blairmore is an urban community in the Rocky Mountains within the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass in southwest Alberta, Canada. It was formerly incorporated as a town prior to 1979 when it amalgamated with four other municipalities to form Crowsnest Pass. Blairmore is the principal commercial centre of Crowsnest Pass.

History[edit]

Originally a Canadian Pacific Railway stop called Tenth Siding or The Springs (for the cold sulphur spring to the east), the settlement was renamed Blairmore in November 1898 and it got a post office the following year.[2] A ten-year dispute over land ownership between the CPR station agent and the section foreman stunted early development.[3] Blairmore’s principal industry was lumber and, after 1907, coal. Other industries followed and on September 29, 1911 Blairmore was incorporated as a town. With the declining fortunes of the nearby community of Frank, Blairmore soon became the region’s economic centre. The Greenhill mine, located just north of Blairmore, became the mainstay of the community until its closure in 1957.[citation needed]

One of the town’s early characters was Emil Picariello (1875 – 1923). “Emperor Pic” settled in Blairmore in 1918 and operated several businesses, but also illegally imported alcohol from nearby British Columbia during prohibition. Picariello and Florence Lossandra were hanged after the shooting death of Alberta Provincial Police constable Steve Lawson in 1921.

Like many Canadian industrial towns in the 1930s, Blairmore had some sympathies with Communism. Canada's first Communist town council and school board were elected in Blairmore in 1933, which reformed the tax system, and refused to observe Remembrance Day as an Imperialist holiday and honoured the Russian Revolution instead. A street was named after the leader of the Communist Party of Canada, Tim Buck, a decision that was reversed by the next town council.[4]

Blairmore amalgamated with four other municipalities to form the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass in 1979.[5]

Geography[edit]

Blairmore is located in southwest Alberta in the Canadian Rockies. It is approximately 135 km (84 mi) west of Lethbridge on Highway 3 (Crowsnest Highway) and approximately 20 km (12 mi) east of the British Columbia border.[6] Fellow Crowsnest Pass communities Frank and Coleman are 3 km (1.9 mi) to the east and 6 km (3.7 mi) to the west respectively.

Geology

Volcanic rocks in the Blairmore area are related to the Crowsnest Formation. As a geological unit, the volcanics received some attention in the late 1980s when geologists stated they had found trace amounts of gold in certain units of the volcanics.[7] Blairmorite, a rare volcanic rock of the Crowsnest Formation, is named after Blairmore.[8]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2006 Census of Canada, the population of Blairmore is 2,088, which represents 36% of the overall population of the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass (5,749).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "Alberta 2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  2. ^ Crowsnest Pass Historical Society (1979). Crowsnest and its people. Coleman: Crowsnest Pass Historical Society. p. 39. ISBN 0-88925-046-4. 
  3. ^ Crowsnest and its People Crowsnest Pass Historical Society, 1979
  4. ^ Crownest Pass Promoter - street name controversy
  5. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs. "Crowsnest Pass - Town Profile". Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  6. ^ Travel Alberta. Your Official Road Map of Alberta (Map) (2014 ed.).
  7. ^ Mineral Assessment Report 20060025 - A report for Assessment in reference to Metallic and Industrial Minerals Permit 9304091032
  8. ^ Pearce, T.H. "Analcime phenocrysts in igneous rocks: Primary or secondary? – Discussion.". American Mineralogist 78: 225-229, 1993. Retrieved 2014-10-06.