Bland County, Virginia

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Bland County, Virginia
Bland County Courthouse.jpg
Bland County Courthouse
Seal of Bland  County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Bland  County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1861
Named for Richard Bland
Seat Bland
Area
 • Total 359 sq mi (930 km2)
 • Land 358 sq mi (927 km2)
 • Water 1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 6,824
 • Density 18/sq mi (7/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.blandcountyva.gov

Bland County is a county located in the southwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,824.[1] Its county seat is Bland.[2]

Bland County is one of the few counties in the United States that does not contain any incorporated municipalities.

History[edit]

Richard Bland, for whom the county was named

Bland County was formed in 1861 from Wythe, Tazewell, and Giles counties. Later there was more land from Giles County added. The people of the area had become dissatisfied with the distance to the various county seats. The rough mountain trails did not lend themselves to the quick and pleasant conduct of necessary legal affairs. There was also great dissatisfaction with taxes paid for the benefit of those far removed from the rugged mountains and valleys of Bland. Thus an act to establish the County of Bland passed the General Assembly of the State of Virginia on March 30, 1861. The county was named after Richard Bland, a leader of Colonial Virginia whose arguments laid the intellectual foundation for freedom and independence from England.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 358.7 square miles (929.0 km2), of which 357.7 square miles (926.4 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.3%) is water.[3]

Bland County lies within the Appalachian Regional Commission's definition of the Appalachian region. The county is mountainous with small river valleys running through the county. The county lies entirely within the Ridge and Valley physiographic province.

The North Fork of the Holston River has its head waters in Bland County.

Adjacent Counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 4,000
1880 5,004 25.1%
1890 5,129 2.5%
1900 5,497 7.2%
1910 5,154 −6.2%
1920 5,593 8.5%
1930 6,031 7.8%
1940 6,731 11.6%
1950 6,436 −4.4%
1960 5,982 −7.1%
1970 5,423 −9.3%
1980 6,349 17.1%
1990 6,514 2.6%
2000 6,871 5.5%
2010 6,824 −0.7%
Est. 2012 6,738 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2012[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 6,871 people, 2,568 households, and 1,908 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 3,161 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.82% White, 4.19% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 0.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.4% were of American, 11.8% German, 11.5% English and 10.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 2,568 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.85.

The population distribution of Bland County is: 19.40% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 119.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,397, and the median income for a family was $35,765. Males had a median income of $30,801 versus $23,380 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,744. 12.40% of the population and 9.10% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 14.20% are under the age of 18 and 22.60% are 65 or older.

Government[edit]

Board of Supervisors[edit]

District 1 (Sharon District): Henry M. Blessing (I)

District 2 (Seddon District): Nick Asbury (R)

District 3 (Mechanicsburg District): Randy Johnson (I)

District 4 (Rocky Gap District): Karen H. Hodock (R)

Constitutional Officers[edit]

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Rebecca I. Johnson (R)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Cindy U. Wright (I)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Erin J. Dehart (R)

Sheriff: Jerry L. Thompson (R)

Treasurer: John F. Goins (I)

Bland County is represented by Democrat Phillip J. Puckett in the Virginia Senate, Republican James W. "Will" Morefield in the Virginia House of Delegates, and H. Morgan Griffith in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°08′N 81°08′W / 37.13°N 81.13°W / 37.13; -81.13