# Blaney–Criddle equation

(Redirected from Blaney-Criddle equation)

The Blaney–Criddle equation (named after H. F. Blaney and W. D. Criddle) is a method for estimating reference crop evapotranspiration.

## Usage

The Blaney–Criddle equation is a relatively simplistic method for calculating evapotranspiration. When sufficient meteorological data is available the Penman–Monteith equation is usually preferred. The Blaney–Criddle equation is however ideal when only air temperature data is available for a site.

Given the coarse accuracy of the Blaney–Criddle equation it is recommended that it is used to calculate evapotranspiration for periods of one month or greater [2].

The equation calculates evapotranspiration for a 'reference crop', which is taken as actively growing green grass of 8–15 cm height [3].

## Equation

ETo = p ·(0.46·Tmean + 8)

Where:

ETo is the reference evapotranspiration [mm day−1] (monthly)

Tmean is the mean daily temperature [°C] given as Tmean = (Tmax + Tmin )/ 2

p is the mean daily percentage of annual daytime hours.[1]

## Accuracy and bias

Given the limited data input to the equation, the calculated evapotranspiration should be regarded as only broadly accurate. Rather than a precise measure of evapotranspiration, the output of the equation is better thought of as providing an order of magnitude [4]

The inaccuracy of the equation is exacerbated by extreme variants of weather. In particular evapotranspiration is known to be exaggerated by up to 40% in calm, humid, clouded areas and depreciated by 60% in windy, dry, sunny areas [5].