Blasphemy law in Jordan

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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has Islam as the state religion, and most Jordanians are Sunni Muslims. The kingdom prevents blasphemy against Islam by education, by laws, and by policies that discourage non-conformity.

Jordan's laws[edit]

The Jordanian Penal Code prohibits anyone from blaspheming Islam, demeaning Islam or Muslim feelings, or insulting Prophet Mohammed.[1] Violating the prohibitions makes the violator liable for imprisonment up to three years.[2] By a 2006 amendment to Jordan's Criminal Procedures Act, Jordan can prosecute a crime committed out of Jordan if the crime affects the Jordanian people by "electronic means."[1]

The Kingdom restricts freedom of speech, press, assembly, and association.[3] The Press and Publications Law and the Press Association Law place restrictions on the press and upon the publication of books in Jordan.[3] Academics report that they are subject to surveillance.[3]

Selected cases[edit]

In October 2008, the prosecutor general of a magistrate's court in Amman charged Islam Samhan with insulting Islam and the Quran as well as violating the Press and Publications Law for incorporating verses of the Quran into a book of love poetry.[4] On or about 25 June 2009, the magistrate's court ruled that twenty-seven-year-old Samhan should spend one year in prison and pay a fine of 10,000 dinars.[5]

On 1 July 2008, a Jordanian prosecutor charged eleven Danes and one Dutchman, with blasphemy and contempt of Muslims. One of the charged Danes was the cartoonist who, in 2005, drew a caricature of the Prophet Mohammed and other cartoons for the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten. The other Danes were the editors of newspapers that published the cartoons. The charged Dutchman was politician Geert Wilders, who made an anti-Quran film (Fitna). Wilders and the others did not comply with the prosecutor's order that they stand trial in Jordan.[1][6]

In May 2006, two journalists involved in reprinting three of the 12 Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons were issued a two-month prison sentence.[7] Jordan was the only Muslim country to reprint the Danish cartoons depicting the Prophet Muhammed in one of its newspapers. The two Jordanian editors responsible were sacked and pressured to issue a public apology.

In January 2003, authorities in Jordan arrested three Jordanian journalists: Nasser Qamash, Roman Haddad and Muhannad Mbaidin for blaspheming Prophet Mohammed in Al Hilal, a weekly newspaper. Their article speculated on Mohammed's sexual potency after marrying Aisha, the favorite of his fourteen wives. A military tribunal sentenced the journalists to prison terms ranging from two to six months, and closed Al Hilal for two months. [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Samson, Elizabeth (10 September 2008). "Criminalizing Criticism of Islam". Wall Street Journal Europe. Retrieved 26 June 2009. 
  2. ^ Ma'ayeh, Suha (30 May 2008). "Jordan court to rule on cartoon case". The National (United Arab Emirates). Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c "Jordan". U.S. State Department. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2009. 
  4. ^ "Jordanian poet accused of 'atheism and blasphemy'". The Daily Star Lebanon. 25 October 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  5. ^ "Jordanian poet Islam Samhan sentenced to one year in jail". Menassat. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009. 
  6. ^ "Jordan charges Dutch politician with blasphemy". Reuters. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  7. ^ First prison sentences announced for reprinting Mohammed cartoons, Reporters Without Borders, 31 May 2006, accessed 13 September 2012
  8. ^ Pelham, Nicolas (18 February 2003). "Jordanian blasphemy verdict shakes the free press". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 26 July 2009.