Bleadon

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Bleadon
Square three stage stone tower. To the right is a building with a white wall and in the foreground a parked car.
Church of St Peter and St Paul
Bleadon is located in Somerset
Bleadon
Bleadon
 Bleadon shown within Somerset
Population 1,079 [1]
OS grid reference ST341570
Unitary authority North Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Weston-super-Mare
Postcode district BS24 0
Dialling code 01934
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Weston-super-Mare
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°18′30″N 2°56′41″W / 51.3082°N 2.9448°W / 51.3082; -2.9448

Bleadon is a village and civil parish in the historic county of Somerset, England. It is about 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Weston-super-Mare and, according to the 2001 census, has a population of 1,079.[1]

History[edit]

Bleadon was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Bledone, meaning 'The coloured hill' from the Old English bleo 'coloured' and dun.[2][3] The parish was part of the Winterstoke Hundred.[4]

Just to the north of the village is Bleadon Hill, a 13.52 hectare geological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

There is evidence or agricultural use of the land in the medieval period and possibly from Roman times.[5]

The village cross[6] and well[7] are listed buildings.

Bleadon lies on the River Axe and had been a small port, sometimes known as Lympsham Wharf, for many years, with the arrival of the railway in 1841 making this the furthest navigable point. It was last used, by the ketch Democrat, in 1942.[8] An Act of 1915 authorised the drainage of the river and installation of a flood gate at Bleadon,[9] although attempts to control the water had occurred on Bleadon Level since medieval times, including an early windmill, in 1613, to pump water into the sea from behind a sea wall.[10]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

The parish falls within the unitary authority of North Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

North Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in the town hall in Weston-super-Mare. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Woodspring district of the county of Avon.[11] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Axbridge Rural District.[12]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Weston-super-Mare county constituency. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Church[edit]

The Church of St Peter and St Paul dominates the village.[13] It was built in the 14th century (dedicated in 1317), being restored and the chancel shortened in the mid 19th century. It is a Grade I listed building.[14] The tower contains five bells dating from 1711 and made by Edward Bilbie of the Bilbie family.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census Profile" (Excel). North Somerset Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  3. ^ "Autumn newsletter 2007" (PDF). Mendip Hills AONB. Retrieved 25 September 2007. 
  4. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Mendip Hills An Archaeological Survey of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty". Somerset County Council Archaeological Projects. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  6. ^ "Village Cross". Images of England. Retrieved 11 February 2007. 
  7. ^ "Village Well". Images of England. Retrieved 11 February 2007. 
  8. ^ Farr, Grahame (1954). Somerset Harbours. London: Christopher Johnson. p. 65. 
  9. ^ Toulson, Shirley (1984). The Mendip Hills: A Threatened Landscape. London: Victor Gollancz. ISBN 0-575-03453-X. 
  10. ^ Havinden, Michael (1982). The Somerset Landscape. The making of the English landscape. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 150–155. ISBN 0-340-20116-9. 
  11. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 9 December 2007. 
  12. ^ "Axbridge RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  13. ^ Atthill, Robin (1976). Mendip: A new study. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7297-1. 
  14. ^ "Church of St Peter and St Paul". Images of England. Retrieved 11 February 2007. 
  15. ^ Moore, James; Roy Rice; Ernest Hucker (1995). Bilbie and the Chew Valley clock makers. The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bleadon at Wikimedia Commons