Blechnaceae

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Blechnaceae
Blechnum spicant2.jpg
Blechnum spicant
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida /
 Pteridopsida (disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
(unranked): Eupolypods II
Family: Blechnaceae
Newman 1844
Genera

See text

Blechnaceae is a family of from two to nine genera[1] and between 240-260 species of ferns, with a cosmopolitan distribution, in the eupolypods II clade of the order Polypodiales,[2] in the class Polypodiopsida.[3]

Most are ground dwelling, some are climbers, such as Stenochlaena. A characteristic feature of many species is that the young opening fronds are usually tinged with red.

Genera[edit]

The Blechnaceae includes the following genera. However Blechnum is probably paraphyletic, with Doodia and possibly others embedded within it.[2] So it's likely that the Blechnaceae genera will be combined into as few as two genera.[1]

(=) Lorinseria C.Presl 1851

Phylogenic relationships[edit]

The following phylogram shows a likely relationship among Blechnaceae and the other families within eupolypods II, based on Lehtonen, 2011,[4] and Rothfels & al., 2012.[2]

eupolypods II

Cystopteridaceae





Rhachidosoraceae




Diplaziopsidaceae




Aspleniaceae



Hemidictyaceae







Thelypteridaceae




Woodsiaceae





Onocleaceae



Blechnaceae




Athyriaceae







References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa 19: 7–54. 
  2. ^ a b c Carl J. Rothfels, Anders Larsson, Li-Yaung Kuo, Petra Korall, Wen- Liang Chiou, Kathleen M. Pryer (2012). "Overcoming Deep Roots, Fast Rates, and Short Internodes to Resolve the Ancient Rapid Radiation of Eupolypod II Ferns". Systematic Biology 61 (1): 490–509. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys001. PMID 22223449. 
  3. ^ Alan R. Smith, Kathleen M. Pryer, Eric Schuettpelz, Petra Korall, Harald Schneider & Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns". Taxon 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. 
  4. ^ Samuli Lehtonen (2011). "Towards Resolving the Complete Fern Tree of Life". In Steinke, Dirk. PLoS ONE 6 (10): e24851. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024851. PMC 3192703. PMID 22022365.