Blennerhasset and Torpenhow
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Blennerhasset and Torpenhow is a civil parish in the Allerdale district of Cumbria, England. According to the 2001 census it had a population of 437. It includes the villages of Blennerhasset grid reference NY178415 and Torpenhow at NY202397 and the smaller settlement of Kirkland Guards at NY187401.
The local pronunciation of Torpenhow is //, which causes consternation to those living outside West Cumbria, who would use the more intuitive pronunciation //. Blennerhasset is pronounced blen-RAY-sit rather than the more intuitive BLE-ner-has-set.
'Blennerhasset' derives from the Old Norse 'heysætr', 'hay shieling', which has been added to a British place-name containing 'blaen', 'top'. The '-er-' part in the middle " is best explained by Ekwall  on the supposition that the full first element corresponded to Welsh 'blaen-dre', 'hill farm' ". 
Blennerhasset Mill 
Blennerhasset Mill (at grid reference NY419185) is on the south bank of the River Ellen. Plans are in hand to re-establish the mill and make it energy neutral by having it produce its own energy from a rebuilt water wheel.
See also 
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- Roman Britain
- Ekwall, Eilert (1922). The place-names of Lancashire. Manchester: Chetham Society.
- Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickens, B. (1950). The place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol.xxi. part 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 265–66.
- Armstrong, 1950, p.266
- Cumbria County History Trust: Blennerhasset and Kirkland (nb: provisional research only - see Talk page)
- Cumbria County History Trust: Torpenhow and Whitrigg (nb: provisional research only - see Talk page)
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