The common name blenny (deriving from the Greek ἡ βλέννα and τό βλέννος, mucus, slime) is ambiguous at best, as it has been applied to several families of perciform marine, brackish and some freshwater fishes all sharing similar morphology (shape) and behaviour. There are six families considered "true blennies", all grouped together under the suborder Blennioidei; its members are referred to as blennioids. There are approximately 833 species in 130 genera within the suborder.
Blennioids are generally small fish, with elongate bodies (some almost eel-like), relatively large eyes and mouths. Their dorsal fins are often continuous and long; the pelvic fins typically have a single embedded spine and are short and slender, situated before the pectoral fins. The tail fin is rounded. The blunt heads of blennioids often possess elaborate whisker-like structures called cirri. As generally benthic fish, blennioids spend much of their time on or near the sea floor; many are reclusive and may burrow in sandy substrates or inhabit crevices in reefs, the lower stretches of rivers, or even empty mollusc shells.
The six "true blenny" families are as follows:
- Blenniidae: combtooth blennies, including the sabre-toothed blennies.
- Chaenopsidae: pikeblennies, tubeblennies and flagblennies.
- Clinidae: clinids, including the giant kelpfish.
- Dactyloscopidae: sand stargazers.
- Tripterygiidae: threefin blennies.
Timeline of genera
Blenny hiding in a hole near Gilli Lawa Laut, Indonesia
BulletHead RockSkipper in Kona
Marbled Blenny, Entomacrodus marmoratus in w:Kona
- "Blennioidei". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2011-05-19.