Blera

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Blera
Comune
Comune di Blera
Blera and the Fascist built bridge.
Blera and the Fascist built bridge.
Coat of arms of Blera
Coat of arms
Blera is located in Italy
Blera
Blera
Location of Blera in Italy
Coordinates: 42°16′24″N 12°01′57″E / 42.27333°N 12.03250°E / 42.27333; 12.03250
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Civitella Cesi
Government
 • Mayor Francesco Ciarlanti (since March 2010)
Area
 • Total 92.78 km2 (35.82 sq mi)
Elevation 270 m (890 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 3,313
 • Density 36/km2 (92/sq mi)
Demonym Blerani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01010
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint San Vivenzio
Saint day December 11
Website Official website

Blera is a small town and comune in the northern Lazio region of Italy near Rome, known during the Middle Ages as Bieda, an evolved form of its ancient name, which was restored in the 20th century. It is the birthplace of Pope Sabinian; Pope Paschal II was also originally thought to be from here.

It is situated on a long, narrow tongue of rock at the junction of two deep glens.

History[edit]

In ancient times, Blera was an Etruscan town on the Via Clodia. It was of little importance, and is known to be mentioned only by geographers and in inscriptions.

In 772, it was destroyed by the Lombards of King Desiderius. In the 13th-15th centuries, it belonged to the Di Vico family. In 1247 the army of Frederick II ravaged it. In the 15th century, Pope Boniface IX gave Blera to the Anguillara family, who owned it until 1572, apart from a short period from 1465 under direct Papal control. Later it followed the history of the Papal States.

Main sights[edit]

Some remains of the town walls still exist, and also two ancient bridges, both belonging to the Via Clodia, and many tombs hewn in the rock with small chambers imitating the architectural forms of houses, and beams and rafters represented in relief.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dennis, G. Cities and Cemeteries of Etruria.  i.207.

External links[edit]