Blind cricket is a version of the sport of cricket adapted for blind and partially sighted players. It has governed by the World Blind Cricket Council (WBCC) since 1996. So far, three Blind World Cups have been held, New Delhi, India (1998); Chennai, India (2002) and Islamabad, Pakistan (2006). In 2012, the first Blind World Cup T20 was held in Bangalore, India. Blind cricket relies on common use of the 'sweep shot', in order to provide maximum chance of the bat hitting the ball.
- 1 History
- 2 Rules
- 3 World Blind Cricket Council (WBCC)
- 4 Regional Organizations
- 5 Regional competitions
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Blind cricket was invented Melbourne in 1922 by two blind factory workers who improvised the game using a tin can containing rocks. The Victorian Blind Cricket Association was founded shortly after, in 1922, and the first sports ground and clubhouse for blind cricket was built at Kooyong, Melbourne in 1928.
World’s first Test Cricket match for the Blind: Played between Pakistan and South Africa in which Pakistan defeated South Africa by 94 runs.
South Africa won first BCWC in 1998 defeating Pakistan in the finals, while Pakistan consecutively won next two BCWC defeating South Africa and India in the finals in 2002 and 2006.
World Blind Cricket Council International playing rules
WBCC International playing rules are classified in 25 classes. Each class has single or multiple clauses, the copy of original document can be found here.
The rules of blind cricket are based on the standard Laws of cricket with some essential modifications.
In terms of playing equipment, the major adaptation is the ball, which is significantly larger than a standard cricket ball and filled with ball bearings. The size allows partially sighted players to see the ball and the contents allow blind players to hear it. The wicket (stumps) is also larger, to allow partially sighted players to see and blind players to touch it in order to correctly orient themselves when batting or bowling.
Various other modifications to the rules apply. Verbal signals are widely used both by umpires and players: in particular, the bowler must shout 'Play!' as he releases the ball. The delivery is required to pitch at least twice when bowled to a completely blind batsman (once when bowled to a partially sighted batsman), but must not be rolling. Totally blind batsmen cannot be out stumped, and must be found to be LBW twice before going out. Totally blind fielders are allowed to take a catch on the bounce.
World Blind Cricket Council (WBCC)
The WBCC was established in 1996 during an international cricket meeting held in New Delhi, India in September 1996. The WBCC was set up with the objective of promoting and administering the game of blind cricket globally. Today the WBCC has 10 full members namely Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, West Indies,and Nepal. George Abraham of India is the founding Chairman of the WBCC. Under his leadership, the inaugural Blind Cricket World Cup was held in New Delhi in November 1998. Seven countries participated.
Peter Donovan of Australia took over as Chairman in 2004. In November 2008, George Abraham was re-elected as President of the WBCC.
Blind Cricket World Cups
1st Blind Cricket World Cup
In 1998, First World Cup was held in New Delhi, India. South Africa defeated Pakistan in the final while India and Australia were the two semi-finalists.
2nd Blind Cricket World Cup
In 2002, Second Blind Cricket World Cup was held in Chennai, India in December. Pakistan defeated South Africa in the finals.
3rd Blind Cricked World Cup
In 2006, Third Blind Cricket World Cup was held in Islamabad, Pakistan under the leadership of Aga Shaukat-Ali, President and founder of Pakistan Blind Cricket Council. Song "Zindagi" (Life) sung by Faakhir Mehmood and Shariq Roomi was selected as the official song for Blind Cricket World Cup, 2006.
Pakistan defeated India in the final and became the Blind World Cup Cricket Champions for the 2nd time.
T20 Blind Cricket World Cups
British Blind Sport
The founding members of the British Blind Sport organisation were cricketers, and the association is the administrative body for the sport within the United Kingdom.
Blind Cricket New South Wales (BCNSW)
Blind Cricket New South Wales (BCNSW) is the home of blind cricket in New South Wales.
Cricket Association for the Blind in India [CABI]
Starting 2011, Cricket Association for the Blind in India [CABI] is in place of Association for Cricket for the Blind India (ACBI) set up in 1996. George Abraham is the founder of the registered voluntary body. Its objectives are to use competitive cricket to teach the blind to look at life positively, gain in confidence and strive to be winners rather than dependents; and to use the game as a medium to transmit the message of ability and talent to the society. The ACBI organised the first two Blind Cricket World Cups in 1998 and 2002.
CABI is the apex body that organizes and conducts cricket for blind across India. CABI is a sports initiative of Samarthanam Trust for the Disabled. It is a registered Non Profit Organization, affiliated to the World Blind Cricket Council (WBCC). Conferred the hosting rights of the First Ever T – 20 World Cup in Bangalore in November /December 2012.
Pakistan Blind Cricket Council (PBCC)
In 1997, Agha Shoukat Ali laid the foundation for the development of cricket for the blind in Pakistan named ‘Pakistan Blind Cricket Council’ (PBCC). Agha Shoukat Ali, the founder and life and soul of cricket for the blind in Pakistan, also represented the country in August 1996 the first International Conference on Cricket for the Blind which was held in Delhi, India, in which seven countries from all over the World participated. The Pakistan Blind Cricket Council is registered and affiliated with the World Blind Cricket Council (WBCC) and is its permanent member. The PBCC attends all the International Conferences and is playing its part practically.
From 1997 onwards many registered clubs have come into existence and are affiliated with the Pakistan Blind Cricket Council. Cricket is now played regularly in schools among the blind. Tournaments are regularly organized in different cities of the country so that the blind may be able to meet, exchange information and have some fun. Rules similar to ‘sighted cricket’ are observed for cricket for the blind whenever it is played and efforts are being made to spread this all over the country.
In 2002 Government of Punjab allocated 45 Kanal space for the construction of Cricket stadium and facilities for PBCC. On construction it will be the first Cricket stadium built for Blind Cricketers.
Victorian Blind Cricket Association (VBCA)
The Victorian Blind Cricket Association (VBCA) is the home of blind cricket in Victoria. Blind cricket was invented in Melbourne in 1922. The world's first sports ground and clubhouse for blind people was developed at Kooyong Kooyong, Victoria, Melbourne in 1928 and is still used today as the home of the VBCA.
The Association now has four clubs and approximately 70 vision impaired and blind members and several volunteers.
- Burwood Blind Cricket Club
- Glenferrie Lions Blind Cricket Club
- Institute Blind Cricket Club
- St. Paul's Blind Cricket Club
The Victorian Blind Cricket Association is located in the Charlie Bradley Pavilion, at the rear of 454 Glenferrie Road, Kooyong VIC 3144 (opposite the Kooyong Tennis Stadium Kooyong Stadium). Games are played on Saturday afternoons from October through to March and spectators are most welcome.
The VBCA provides an important role in the community by developing and providing opportunities for people who are blind or vision impaired to enjoy the recreational and social benefits of cricket. Additionally, the VBCA participates in cricket matches against sighted opposition in keeping with the philosophy of integration and working to remove barriers and isolating influences of having limited vision.
The ongoing aims and objectives of the VBCA are as follows:
- To further promote the game of Blind Cricket in Victoria
- Provides sport, fitness, and physical recreation opportunities for individuals of all ages who are legally blind
- Aims to improve the physical capabilities and self-confidence of individuals who are blind, visually impaired
Blind cricket is widely played in Australia, with teams playing regular fixtures in the states of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia, as well as in the Australian Capital Territory. Every two years State cricket teams meet for the Australian Blind Cricket Championships. The 31st National Blind Cricket Championships will be held in Queensland in 2012.
The first regular match for the blind was played in Karachi in 1978 between Lahore and IDA RIEU School, Karachi. During this period several matches were played at school level. The PBCC has organized eight (8) major National Tournaments besides Two Double-Wicket Tournaments since it is established in 1997.
United Kingdom v Australia
The first Blind Cricket Ashes competition was held in England in August 2004. 5 matches were played, with England winning the Ashes by 3 games to 2. A return series of 5 matches was held in Sydney, Australia, in December 2008. The series results show another victory for England, winning 3-0. England won the first, third and fourth matches, with the second rained out, and the final match a surprising 331 run draw.
Two domestic competitions are run: the two-division BBS Cricket League, based around single-innings matches played around the country throughout the cricket season; and the BBS Primary Club National Knockout Cup, a knockout competition of limited-overs matches held each August at Lord's Cricket Ground.
- "Museum Victoria. Collection notes on cane wicker cricket ball". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Victorian Blind Cricket Association: About Us". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "India defaeated Pakistan in first T20 Blind Cricket World Cup". CricketWorld. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Blink Cricket Nepal
- Blind Cricket UK
- Pakistan Blind Cricket Council
- Victorian Blind Cricket Association
- Queensland Blind Cricket Association
- Blind Cricket New South Wales
- World Blind Cricket Council
- Pakistan Blind Cricket Council
- Cricket Association for the Blind in India
- Cricket World Cup for Blind 2006 held in Pakistan
- Pakistan wins blind cricket World Cup 2006
- Blind Cricket Ashes series, Sydney, December 2008