Blohm & Voss P.194

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P.194
ModellPhoto BvP194.02.png
Model photo of a Blohm & Voss BV P.194.02
Role Tactical bomber
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Blohm & Voss
Designer Richard Vogt
Status Unrealised project

The Blohm & Voss P.194 was a design for a mixed-power ground-attack aircraft and tactical bomber developed in Germany during World War II.[1] Like some of Richard Vogt's other designs for Blohm & Voss, the P.194 featured an asymmetric layout.

Along with the P.192, P.193, and P.196, the P.194 was one of four designs Blohm & Voss submitted in response to a requirement issued by the RLM in February 1944 for a replacement for the venerable Junkers Ju 87.[2] The basic design of the aircraft echoed that of the BV 141: the crew and weapons carried in a nacelle separate from the main fuselage structure that carried a propeller-driven engine at one end and the empennage at the other, joined together by a common wing. In the P.194, however, a turbojet was to be added at the rear of the cockpit pod and the design intended that the thrust from this engine would help balance the thrust from the propeller. A powerful cluster of guns was to be located in the nose, and a bombload of up to 500 kg (1,100 lb) was to be carried in an internal bomb bay in the fuselage.[1][3]

All four Blohm & Voss designs were rejected by the RLM, which instead selected the Messerschmitt Me 262 to fill the tactical bomber role.[2]

Design stages[edit]

P.194.00-101
version with 16 m (52 ft) wingspan and jet intake under cockpit pod
P.194.01-02
version with 15.3 m (50.2 ft) wingspan, bubble canopy and jet intake under cockpit pod
P.194.02-01
as above, but with turbojet located beneath cockpit
P.194.03-01
as P.194.01-02, but with jet intakes located in the wing roots at the sides of the cockpit pod.

Specifications (194-01, as designed)[edit]

Data from [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 12.1 m (39 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 15.3 m (50 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 36.4 m2 (392 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 6,500 kg (14,330 lb)
  • Gross weight: 9,350 kg (20,613 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × BMW 801D 14-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 kW (1,600 hp)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Junkers Jumo 109-004 axial flow turbojet engine, 8.7 kN (2,000 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 775 km/h (482 mph; 418 kn)
  • Range: 1,070 km (665 mi; 578 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,100 m (36,417 ft)

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × fixed, forward-firing 30 mm (1.181 in) MK 103 cannon
  • 2 × fixed, forward-firing 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20 cannon
  • Bombs: 500 kg (1,100 lb) of bombs in an internal bomb-bay

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nowarra, Heinz J. (1993). Die Deutsche Luftruestung 1933-1945 Vol.3 - Flugzeugtypen Henschel-Messerschmitt. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe Verlag. ISBN 3-7637-5467-9. 
  2. ^ a b Myhra 1998, 67
  3. ^ Myhra 1998, 68

References[edit]

  • Myhra, David (1998). Secret Aircraft Designs of the Third Reich. Atglen: Schiffer. 
  • Nowarra, Heinz (1983). Die deutsche Luftrüstung 1933-1945. Bonn: Bernard and Graefe.