Blond capuchin

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Blond capuchin
S. flavius SP Zoo.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cebidae
Genus: Sapajus
Species: S. flavius
Binomial name
Sapajus flavius
Schreber, 1774
Blond Capuchin area.png
Blond capuchin range
Synonyms

Cebus queirozi Mendes Pontes and Malta, 2006

The blond capuchin (Sapajus flavius) is a species of the capuchin monkeys group, the genus Sapajus. This critically endangered species was rediscovered in 2006. It is endemic to northeastern Brazil, and it is estimated that only about 180 individuals remain.[1]

Classification[edit]

The blond capuchin was first described as "caitaia" by Georg Marcgrave in 1648.[2] In 1774 Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber posited Simia flavia as an independent species, but it had long lacked any specimen.[3] It was not until in 2006 when researchers made its neotype designation.[4] In their neotype designation article, de Oliveira and Langguth confirmed the consistency of Marcgrave’s, Schreber’s, and their capuchins, attributed the authority to Schreber, and established a new combination of its scientific name, C. flavius Schreber, 1774.

In the same year, 2006, Mendes Pontes and Malta reported C. queirozi as a new species.[5] However, de Oliveira and his collaborators pointed out the existence of the previous studies, that is, those of Marcgrave and Schreber as well as the inadequacy of Mendes Pontes and Malta's designation of the type specimen, and therefore considered C. queirozi to be a junior synonym.[1][4] Rylands and Mittermeier followed de Oliveira and Langguth’s view.[6]

In 2011, Jessica Lynch Alfaro et al proposed that the robust capuchins such (formerly the C. apella group) be placed in a separate genus, Sapajus, from the gracile capuchins (formerly the C. capucinus group) which retain the Cebus genus.[7][8]

Physical description[edit]

Pelage uniformly golden; whitish cap on the head; face pinkish; palms of the hands and feet black. Head and body ca 35–40 cm; tail nearly equivalent. Weight ca 2–3 kg.[4][5]

Distribution[edit]

This species inhabits the northeastern Atlantic Forest extended in the states of Paraíba, Pernambuco, and Alagoas in the northeastern part of Brazil.[4][5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c de Oliveira, M. M., Boubli, J.-P., & Kierulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Cebus flavius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Marcgrave, G. (1648), "Liber sextus: De quadrupedibus, et sepentibus", Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae, Lugdunum Batavorum: Franciscus Hackius, pp. 226–227, retrieved 2009-05-04 , cited by de Oliveira & Langguth 2006.
  3. ^ Schreber, J. C. D. von (1774), Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen, Leipzig: Siegfried Leberecht Crusius , cited by de Oliveira & Langguth 2006.
  4. ^ a b c d de Oliveira, M. M.; Langguth, A. (2006), "Rediscovery of Marcgrave’s capuchin monkey and designation of a neotype for Simia flavia Schreber, 1774 (Primates, Cebidae).", Boletim do Museu Nacional: Nova Série: Zoologia 523: 1–16, retrieved 2009-05-04 
  5. ^ a b c Mendes Pontes, A. R.; Malta, A.; Asfora, P. H. (2006), "A new species of capuchin monkey, genus Cebus Erxleben (Cebidae, Primates): Found at the very brink of extinction in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre.", Zootaxa 1200: 1–12, retrieved 2009-05-04 
  6. ^ Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A. (2009), "The diversity of the New World primates (Platyrrhini): An annotated taxonomy", in Garber, P. A.; Estrada, A.; Bicca-Marques, J. C.; Heymann, E. W.; Strier, K. B., South American primates: Comparative perspectives in the study of behavior, ecology, and conservation, New York: Springer Science+Business Media, pp. 23–54, ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6 
  7. ^ Lynch Alfaro, J.W. et al (2011). "Explosive Pleistocene range expansion leads to widespread Amazonian sympatry between robust and gracile capuchin monkeys". Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02609.x. 
  8. ^ Lynch Alfaro, J.W.; Silva, j. & Rylands, A.B. (2012). "How Different Are Robust and Gracile Capuchin Monkeys? An Argument for the Use of Sapajus and Cebus". American Journal of Primatology: 1–14. doi:10.1002/ajp.222007.