Blonde-class cruiser

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HMS Blonde.jpg
Class overview
Name: Blonde
Operators: RN Ensign Royal Navy
Preceded by: Boadicea class
Succeeded by: Active class
In commission: 1910 - 1921
Completed: Two
General characteristics
Type: scout cruiser
Displacement: 3,350 tons normal
3,850 tons deep load
Length: 385 ft (117.3 m) (p/p)
405 ft (123.4 m) (o/a)
Beam: 41.5 ft (12.6 m)
Draught: 15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)
Propulsion: 12 Yarrow boilers
Parsons turbines
Four shafts
18,000 shp (13,423 kW)
Speed: 24.5 knots (45.4 km/h)
Range: Carried 450 tons coal (780 tons max)
190 tons fuel oil
Complement: 314
Armament:

10 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) Mk VII guns (10 × 1)
Four x 3-pounder (47-mm) guns (4 × 1)

Two x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
Armour: conning tower: 4 inch
deck: 1.5 inch

The Blonde class cruisers were a two ship class of light scout cruisers of the Royal Navy. They were developments of the earlier Boadicea class class, though were slightly bigger with ten 4 inch guns as their main armament.

History[edit]

They were the first cruisers to mount the 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo. There was also a slight thickness in the protective deck although this was still limited to the machinery spaces only. Like the earlier ships the Blonde class cruisers were too slow to perform their original duties. By the time they were completed the majority of new destroyers could reach at least 27 knots, making them two and a half knots quicker than the ships meant to lead them. Both HMS Blonde and HMS Blanche began their service careers with destroyer flotillas, Blonde as senior officers' ship for the 7th Flotilla and Blanche with the 1st Destroyer Flotilla, but for much of the war they were attached to specific Battle Squadrons to provide a close-in screen as the Battle Fleet operated. Both ships saw service in the First World War but were both converted to minelayers before its end and sold for scrapping after the end of hostilities.[1]

Ships[edit]

  • HMS Blonde - launched on 22 July 1910 and sold on 6 May 1920 for breaking up.
  • HMS Blanche - launched on 25 November 1911, she was present at the Battle of Jutland and was sold on 27 July 1921 for breaking up.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906-1921, p. 50

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]