Blood-vein

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Blood-vein
Timandra comae R0017994.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Geometridae
Genus: Timandra
Species: T. comae
Binomial name
Timandra comae
(Schmidt, 1931)

The Blood-vein, (Timandra comae) is a moth of the family Geometridae. It has a scattered distribution in Western and Central Europe north of the Alps. In the British Isles the distribution is patchy outside southern England and Wales. In far eastern Europe – east of a line running roughly from Finland through Estonia –, it is replaced by its sister species Timandra griseata. The species were split in 1931, only to be subsequently re-merged by most authors. But since 1994, new research has come out in favour of treating them as distinct species.[1]

The wings are cream-coloured with bold red or purple fascia forming a diagonal stripe across forewings and hindwings. All wings are fringed with the same colour. The tornus of the hindwing is sharply angled giving a distinctive shape. The wingspan is 30–35 mm. Two broods are produced each year with the adults flying in May and June and again in August and September [1]. It flies at night and is attracted to light.

The larva is grey-brown with darker spots on the back. In the UK, it feeds on the leaves of a variety of plants including dock, knotgrass, sorrel and various species of Atriplex. It overwinters as a larva.

  1. ^ The flight season refers to the British Isles. This varies in other parts of the range.

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chinery, Michael (1986). Collins Guide to the Insects of Britain and Western Europe 1986 (Reprinted 1991)
  • Õunap, Erki, Viidalepp Jaan and Saarma, Urmas (2005). Phylogenetic evaluation of the taxonomic status of Timandra griseata and T. comae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Sterrhinae). Eur. J. Entomol., 102:607-615. online
  • Skinner, Bernard (1984) Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles 1984

References[edit]

  1. ^ Õunap et al' (2005)