Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma

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Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma
Blood Reign - Curse of the Yoma.jpg
Cover of Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma as released by ADV Films
Genre Adventure, horror, supernatural
Written by Kei Kusunoki
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Shōjo
Magazine Ribon Original
Original run 19851986
Volumes 1
Original video animation
Directed by Takashi Anno
Studio Toho, J.C.Staff [1]
Licensed by
Released May 1, 1989June 1, 1989
Runtime 80 minutes
Episodes 2
Anime and Manga portal

Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma (妖魔 Yōma?, lit. "Ghost"), also known as Curse of the Undead: Yoma,[2] is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Kei Kusunoki. The manga was serialized in Shueisha's manga magazine Ribon Original from 1985 to 1986.[3] The individual chapters were collected into a one-shot bound volume by Shueisha on February 18, 1998.[4] The manga was adapted into an original video animation by Takashi Anno.


A terrible war has ravaged the land, and now, fueled by the blood of numerous fallen warriors the Yōma, demons from hell, emerge once more. A skilled ninja seeks to end the bloodshed these demons inflict upon humanity, but to do this he must fight against his undead former best friend and fellow ninja who was killed in battle and has been resurrected to serve the Yōma.

Hikage in an Evil World[edit]

The first part begins after what appears to be a fierce battle, with several ninja from the Takeda clan retrieving weapons from their fallen comrades and enemies. Two other Takeda ninja, Hikage and Marou, are observing the process until Marou begins acting strangely. He momentarily tries to attack Hikage before returning to normal, seemingly shocked and frightened by what he has just done. The pair make their way back to the Takeda camp. That night, the clan leader, Shingen Takeda, is attacked and killed by a yōma. Shortly thereafter, Hikage learns from a Chuunin (a middle-ranking ninja) that Marou has deserted the Takeda and is at risk of exposing Shingen's death to other countries (i.e., other parts of Japan). He is ordered to track down Marou and eliminate him before word can spread, the Chuunin advising him to show no mercy, despite Hikage being his former best friend.

On his journey, Hikage is attacked by a pair of Iga ninja, whom he quickly dispatches. Later, while standing over a waterfall, Hikage reminisces about his childhood with Marou. He is brought out of his thoughts by an old man who claims he is "waiting to read Hikage's last rights". At the old shrine that the priest takes him to, he explains how people who have lost the will to live go to the waterfall to commit suicide by drowning themselves in the river below, and how he is there to comfort their souls. Knowing nothing of Marou's whereabouts, the priest advises that Hikage go to the village near the temple, as the sun will soon set. Hikage takes the advice and heads toward the village, encountering a young woman with a large scar on her left cheek along the way. The woman, named Aya, takes Hikage to the village and introduces him to several of the villagers, most prominently Taichi, a cheerful man who enjoys drinking and partying; and Ito, a woman with a suspicious air about her. During one of the villagers' parties, Hikage spots Marou for a brief instant, apparently entering a hut in the village, but is unable to find him in the following days, despite his intensive searching. He hears from Aya about how none of the people who live in the village, including herself, know where they came from or what they were doing before their arrival and how Hikage will soon be the same. Nevertheless, Hikage continues to look for Marou, noting that he at least remembers what came before his entering the village, all the while being stalked by what he believes to be various hunting ninja. On one of these nights, he meets with a two of his fellow Takeda ninja to explain why he is staying in the village. After hearing he has seen Marou, and explaining to Hikage that this is where Marou's trail stops, they allow him to continue investigating the village, but remind him that he must show no mercy toward Marou.

Another day passes, and the following night Hikage sees Aya suffering from a nightmare. He holds her to try and comfort her, but immediately hears screaming coming from the forest. He rushes to the source of the screaming only to find Taichi and one of the Takeda ninja he spoke with earlier dead, their chests having been ripped open and most of their entrails devoured, along with another badly injured Takeda ninja. A spider yōma attacks, but Hikage uses shuriken to drive it off, seeing a brief, transparent vision of Marou in the yōma's wake. Before dying, the injured ninja reveals that Marou is a "child born of the ground" and that everyone in the Takeda village knew about it, but never discussed it. Left with this mystery, Hikage confronts Aya with Taichi's death, only for her to deny it. She explains to him that it is not unusual for a current resident of the village to vanish when a new person arrives. When she goes to her house to store some water, she hears Ito's voice asking her to do her a favor that night. Hikage goes down to the riverbank to find that the bodies of Taichi and the dead ninja, along with the bloodstains and weapons, have disappeared without explanation. At night, Hikage hears Aya singing unusually late and goes to investigate. He finds Aya being held in a different spider yōma's mandibles and attacks it. It drops Aya, but soon runs away with Hikage in pursuit. He arrives at the temple and finds the priest from the waterfall standing before him on the path. He tells Hikage that he is the spider yōma from the other night and that he is erasing the villager's memories in order to ripen them for Kikuga no Miko's (the demon lord yōma of the land) revival. The two have a short battle during which Hikage kills him after being taunted into doing so. Before dying, the priest/yōma warns Hikage that if he is killed all the villagers will commit suicide, as they were going to at the waterfall before he erased their memories. As Hikage walks up the temple's stairs, Aya wakes up and remembers how she got her scar, the priest's spell having worn off when he died. She throws herself into the river to drown. Hikage finds a seemingly unconscious Ito and rushes to her aide. This proves to be a mistake, as Ito reveals herself to be a spider yōma as well. Restraining Hikage with wavy demonic hair, Ito elaborates on how Kikuga no Miko's resurrection is close at hand. Hikage uses some gunpowder bombs to get her to let go, briefly knocking her out. She soon regains consciousness and turns into the spider that kidnapped Aya. Hikage is able to take her down permanently and enter the shrine, demanding that Kikuga show himself. He destroys the buddha statue to reveal an egg that he quickly cuts open. The egg opens to reveal Marou feasting on Taichi's severed head. The sight of his former friend causes Hikage to drop his dagger. As Hikage approaches, Marou roars, causing the entire building to come crashing down. Outside, a fully dressed Marou walks away, giving the broken building a final glance before departing.

The next morning it is pouring rain. Reflecting on the night's events, Hikage suddenly remembers Aya and finds her body in the river. He crys silently upon realizing that she has died. Later when the storm lets up, Hikage returns to the village to find it wrecked and all of the inhabitants dead. An acquaintance of his, Kazami, arrives, telling Hikage that the Oda and Uesugi clans have found out about Shingen's death and that he does not need to pursue Marou anymore. Despite this, due to feeling guilt over not being able to save Aya and still seeking answers to why Marou betrayed their clan and became a yōma, Hikage leaves to continue his quest in search for his old friend.

Maoru with Crazy Fang[edit]

Two years have passed since Hikage traveled to the west in pursuit of Marou, yet he has not had any leads on his whereabouts. While on a beach, a kunoichi spots him and identifies him as a ninja. A group of ninja from the Kōga clan, lead by Shiranui, attacks the girl, demanding to know why she killed their leader. She denies having anything to do with it, and soon Hikage ends up fighting them as well. They kill two of the Kōga and injure one of Shiranui's eyes. Shiranui stumbles into the ocean and is trampled to death by Majumi no Miko, the demon lord of the sea. Hikage asks for Marou's whereabouts, only for Majumi to tell him that he should realize who his childhood friend really is by now. Angered, Hikage attacks Majumi and barely manages to kill him while in the water. Meanwhile, Marou converses with Shiratsuyu, a snake yōma, on what to do about the war between the Oda and Takeda clans. Marou orders Shiratsuyu to kill Hikage while he turns Mikawa into a "living hell".

The kunoichi travels with Hikage to a nearby village that has seemingly been untouched by the war. Revealing her name to be Aya, sharing the same name as the woman who Hikage failed to protect two years ago, she goes to one of the villager's huts to ask if they can spend the night there. She screams in horror when she sees that the baby has no head and soon the entire village reveals itself to be dead, yet still walking. Hikage says that it is a procession of the dead before the undead all vanish. The village is shown to be in ruins and the two spend the night in a wrecked hut. The next day, Hikage leaves Aya behind and continues his search. He runs into and battles Shiratsuyu, along with Mai, a female butterfly yōma, and a tree yōma, Yoki. Meanwhile, Aya, upset that Hikage left her behind, encounters Kotone, the spirit of a woman who says that she was killed by her lover. They talk briefly before Yoki grabs and holds them hostage in front of Hikage. With some difficulty, Hikage slays Mai and Yoki and Shiratsuyu is possessed by Kotone and vanishes.

After traveling for a while, Hikage brings up how suspicious it is that no yōma have attacked them since the fight with Shiratsuyu. While they discuss the war, Kazami appears before Hikage and attacks him, saying that he was ordered by Katsuyori Takeda, the Takeda clan's new head, to borrow the power of the yōma and the only way that Kikuga will help them is if they kill Hikage. Kazami strikes at him, but hesitates and is mortally wounded by Hikage as a result. He uses his last words to tell Hikage that he does not wish to kill him and that Katsuyori is insane for asking the yōma for power. As it turns out, Marou only told the Takeda that he would help them in order to create more hatred and grudges when the final battle at Mount Nagashino. During which the entire Takeda clan was decimated by the Oda, leaving Hikage no home to return to.

Preparing for a final showdown with Marou, Hikage gathers his supplies and plans to head to Mount Nagashino, as he knows that's where Marou will be waiting. Aya begs him to abandon his desire to hunt Marou and for him to stay with her, but he does not listen and continues alone. leaving a sobbing Aya behind. While walking towards the mountain, Hikage thinks back towards everything that's happened from his childhood with Marou to the latter's rebirth as Kikuga no Miko. Upon his arrival at the battlefield, rock formations rise out of the ground and hands begin sprouting from them trying to grab at Hikage. He fights them off before meeting face-to-face with Marou, the former asking why he has become Kikuga. Marou laughs this off and explains that he was born as Kikuga by taking the form of an infant human body. He mocks his former friend and answers as to why he threw a poisoned shuriken at the latter, which gave him a small scar beneath his right eye. Apparently Marou had tired of living as a ninja and following orders, and rationalizes his change into Kikuga by saying that he transcended his "frail humanity". Thus, he missed with the shuriken on purpose so that Hikage would eventually join him as a yōma, thereby transcending humanity. Placing an arm around Hikage (and possibly a trance) Marou is about to begin changing him when Aya arrives and shouts his name. Though she gets caught up by the rock hands, Hikage comes out of the trance and barely misses Marou. Marou, upon seeing his friend's refusal, transforms into a red-eyed wolf-faced yōma, declaring that he will drink Hikage's blood and than control the world. A bolt of energy falls and reveals itself to be a newly revived Majumi. Kikuga beckons Majumi to unite with him as Aya wraps her wires around the horse yōma. Majumi proves too strong and drags her along the ground, pulling her up to him and stomping on her face, knocking her out. Laughing cruelly, Kikuga is cut on the waist by Hikage and jumps onto Majumi's back, declaring that Hikage is a sacrifice to the yōma's revival. The two demon lords than dissolve and merge into a creature that resembles a wolf and a minotaur. It is shown to have control over land and can use telekinesis to break objects and hold Hikage in place. Marou's voice asks Hikage if he is tired of being a normal human and that the only way that humans can overcome their weaknesses is to become yōma. Knocking Hikage from a cliff, Marou is determined to show his former friend his weakness so that he will transcend humanity, but the former refuses to take such a path. He resolves to stand aloof from destiny and live life by his own terms. A frustrated Marou breaks the outcropping Hikage holds on to, causing to fall, but uses telekinesis to lift him back up and throw him against a small boulder. He charges Hikage in order to see if he's strong enough to carve his own path; before he can, however, Marou has his eyes slashed, effectively blinding him. Hikage next slashes his torso, reverting Marou back to his original yōma form. Moaning in pain, Marou hears Hikage calling for him and has a brief vision of the two of them as children, running through the fields. He remains distracted long enough for Hikage to slice his throat, ending the threat of Kikuga and the yōma for good. Marou, back in his human form, turns to face Hikage, who warmly smiles and offers his hand. Before Marou can grasp it, he falls over dead and within moments Hikage collapses as well. The ground beneath the former demon king crumbles and he falls into the darkness, leaving his childhood friend alone and unconscious.

Later, Hikage awakens in a hut with a fire burning. He sees Aya just returning with water and speculates that she was the one who carried him back. Not turning around right away, Hikage says her name a few times before she finally does. She is now sporting a large scar on her left cheek similar to that of the original Aya, which was caused by Majumi. She begins to tear up and covers her scar in shame. Shaking his head, Hikage goes over to Aya and embraces her, causing her to drop the water she fetched. Smiling warmly, he lightheartedly jokes and tells her that she cries too much, just like a woman should. Crying, Aya buries herself into his chest, glad that he thinks no less of her and because he has survived. In the netherworld, Marou's corpse lays still as Kotone, still possessing Shiratsuyu, comes towards him. A flashback reveals that Marou was her lover and that he told her to run since he was losing control. She failed to escape and died by his hand. Coming up to him, Kotone decides to give Marou her life-force so that he can be reborn. Begging Marou to live as a human "next time", she vanishes along with Shiratsuyu's body and Marou's corpse vanishes into the light.

Some time later, Hikage and Aya have resumed their travels. They stumble upon a dead woman and her newborn son, who is crying hysterically. Theorizing that the woman must have given all her strength to birth the child before her death, Aya picks up the infant and calms him. Before that, Hikage stares at the baby boy for an inordinate amount of time, before the wind begins blowing, causing him to turn to face it. Marou's voice is heard, telling Hikage that being a human is "so boring". The OVA ends on this note, with everything besides Hikage fading to gray.


The main protagonist of the series, Hikage is a young ninja who is sent on a mission by the Takeda clan to eliminate Marou. Though loyal to the ninja clan he was raised in as well as following orders to the letter, he still deeply cares for his childhood friend and is greatly troubled and confused by his sudden betrayal. The night of the betrayal, Hikage received a small scar under his left eye due to being scratched by a poison shuriken that his friend threw at him. He finds a love interest in a young village woman named Aya and later a kunoichi by the same name. Despite his young age, Hikage is greatly skilled in the use of swordsmenship, as well as the usage of several other weapons.
Marou / Kikuga no Miko
The series' main antagonist, Marou was Hikage's childhood friend and fellow ninja in the Takeda clan. According to him, he was born from the start as the demon king of the land, Kikuga no Miko, by taking the form of an infant human body as well as being "born of the ground". However, needing human sacrifices to fully awaken as Kikuga, Marou fled his village and had the spider yōma gather human sacrifices to feed him while he slept in a cacoon. He emerges just when Hikage disturbs his rest and departs. Kikuga plans on fusing with Majumi no Miko so that the world will be taken over by yōma as well as for humans to "transcend humanity". Though the two demon kings merge into a wolf-centaur hybrid powerful enough to destroy the world, they are still defeated and killed by Hikage during the final battle. He is reincarnated as a baby by his deceased lover Kotone, whom he killed after losing control as Marou, and is taken in by Hikage and Aya.
Aya refers to two women depicted in the OVA series. The first is a young woman who lives in the village where nobody can remember their past. She has a large scar on her cheek. Its origin is never exactly revealed, but it was apparently traumatic enough for her to lose her will to live. Hikage develops romantic feelings for her, but it is never expressingly stated that she feels the same. She is used by Ito to lure Hikage out so that she can kill him, but the plan fails and immediately results in a battle. Hikage forgets about Aya until it is too late and cannot prevent her from drowning herself. After the battle in the shrine, Hikage finds Aya's corpse and cries over her loss.
The second Aya is a kunoichi from the Kōga clan of ninjas. She is hunted down by members of her clan for killing their leader (though she insists that she did not do it) and is rescued from them and Majumi no Miko by Hikage. Though annoyed by him at first, she quickly warms up and falls in love with him as they continue journeying together. After a series of battles against the yōma and the death of Kazami, Aya tries to dissuade Hikage from his quest to find Marou, but to no avail. She follows him anyway and has her face stomped on by Majumi, and is knocked out for the rest of the final battle as a result. After the battle has ended, Aya, now sporting a scar similar to the one that the first Aya had, is relieved to see that Hikage has survived, and embraces him. They take in the infant reincarnated Marou and raise him.
The deceased lover of Marou, Kotone was killed by Marou during his journey before becoming Kikuga no Miko. Though he told her to run, Marou lost control of his body while slaughering a village and sliced Kotone's heart, killing her. She is the first to realize that Aya is in love with Hikage. Kotone rescues the two by possessing the snake yōma, Shiratsuyu, and disappearing. When the final battle between Hikage and Marou has ended, Kotone appoaches Marou and gives him her lifeforce so that he can be reborn.
Kazami is Hikage's other friend and immediate superior within the Takeda clan. Though he tells Hikage that there is no need to chase Marou after the Takeda's enemies get wind of their leader's death, he allows his friend to continue the search. Later, Kazami is sent by Katsuyori to meet with Kikuga so that the Takeda can barrow the power of the yōma. Kikuga will only allow it if Kazami can kill Hikage. Though he confronts him, Kazami can not bring himself to kill his friend and allows Hikage to fatally stab him so that neither of them will spread more hatred for the yōma.
Majumi no Miko
The demon king of the sea, Majumi is a yōma that takes the form of a flesh-eating white horse. He plans on merging with his fellow terrestrial demon lord, Kikuga no Miko, so that all the monsters in the world can be revived. Majumi battles Hikage on a beach and in an ocean but is killed. He is later revived during the final confrontation between Kikuga and Hikage and stomps on Aya, giving her a scar. The two demons merge into a wolf-centaur-like creature powerful enough to control the world, but still are killed by Hikage during their final showdown.
A yōma that takes the appearance of a white snake, Shiratsuyu is approved by Kikuga to kill Hikage after the latter kills Majumi. Along with Mai and Yoki, he plans a trap by taking Aya and Kotone hostage. However, it fails when Mai and Yoki are killed by Hikage and Kotone possess Shiratsuyu's body, destroying his soul and only reappearing when she reincarnates Marou.


The series uses two pieces of theme music: Yōma Kazoe Uta (妖魔数え歌 lit. "Ghost Counting Song"?) by Mami Nakizoto is the series' opening theme, while Ashita he no Purorōgu (未来へのプロローグ lit. "Prologue for Tomorrow"?) by Midori Karashima is the series' ending theme.


In Japan, the series was released on VHS on May 1, 1989.[5] ADV Films released the VHS on November 11, 1998.[6] The OVAs two episodes were released on May 1 and June 1, 1989, respectively in North America by ADV Films's Encore Action,[7] in France by Manga,[8] in Germany by OVA Films[9] and in Russia by MC Entertainment.[10] The OVAs were rebroadcast in an anime marathon by Encore Action on November 4, 2000.[11]


DVD Verdict criticised Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma for its "limpid animation and static imagery" and quality of the DVD release.[12]'s Chris Beveridge compared Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma with Wrath of the Ninja for its ninja protagonists.[13] THEM Anime's Carlos Ross criticizes the characterization but commends the dated graphics and the action.[3] Sequential Tart's Sheena McNeil commends the OVA with "Blood Reign is a delightfully eerie movie. The mythology it provides gives some meat to the story while the well-developed characters give it life."[14] Otaku USA's Paul Thomas Chapman commends the OVA, stating that he "[loves] the sense of psycho-geography that pervades Blood Reign, for in these OVAs the world itself has gone mad, transforming into a psychedelic backdrop that blurs the boundaries between the lands of the living and the dead. In Blood Reign, the days are a burnt umber blasted by an angry sun; the nights are rife with purple shadows and ghastly greens. The very environment is menacing, each rock and tree alive with goblin-faces that seem to smirk at the thought of drawing human blood."[15]


  1. ^ J.C.Staff Site
  2. ^ Patten, Fred (2004). Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. Stone Bridge Press. p. 126,127. ISBN 9781880656921. 
  3. ^ a b Ross, Carlos. "Curse of the Undead Yoma". THEM Anime. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  4. ^ 妖魔 (集英社文庫―コミック版) [文庫] (in Japanese). Retrieved 2014-01-22. 
  5. ^ "妖魔 緋影魔境編 [VHS]" (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  6. ^ "Curse of the Undead - Yoma [VHS]". Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  7. ^ "Encore announces anime block on Action channel". Anime News Network. 1999-01-27. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  8. ^ "Yoma les ténèbres" (in French). Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  9. ^ "Baoh / Yoma - Curse of the Undead (Doppelfeature)" (in German). Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  10. ^ Йома: Посланцы царства тьмы [Yoma: Messengers of the Dark Kingdom] (in Russian). MC Entertainment. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  11. ^ "Starz Encore Action Channel Anime Chedule extended". Anime News Network. 2000-08-30. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  12. ^ Lineberger, Rob (June 17, 2004). "Blood Reign: Curse Of The Yoma". DVD Verdict. Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  13. ^ Beveridge, Chris (March 2, 2004). "Blood Reign (Essential Anime Edition)". Retrieved 2009-05-21. 
  14. ^ McNeil, Sheena (December 1, 2002). "Blood Reign: Curse of the Yoma". Sequential Tart. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ Chapman, Paul Thomas (July 9, 2011). "The Vault of Error: Blood Reign". Otaku USA. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 

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