Hematology

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Hematology
Renal Cell Carcinoma.jpg
A chromophobe renal cell carcinoma viewed on a hematoxylin & eosin stained slide.
System Blood
Subdivisions Hematological oncology
Significant diseases Malaria, Thalassemia, Leukemia, Clotting disorders, Anemia
Significant tests Blood film, Coagulation tests, Bone marrow aspirate
Specialist Haematologist

Hematology, also spelled haematology or hæmatology (from the Greek αἷμα, haima "blood" and -λoγία), is the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases[1] that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, and the mechanism of coagulation. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist. Hematologists also conduct studies in oncology—the medical treatment of cancer.

Physicians specialized in hematology are known as hematologists or haematologists. Their routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results and blood clotting test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory. Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists. Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology.[2] Hematologists may specialize further or have special interests, for example, in:

Scope[edit]

(abnormality of the hemoglobin molecule or of the rate of hemoglobin synthesis)

Treatments[edit]

Treatments include:

Training[edit]

Hematologist
Occupation
Names Medical Specialist
Occupation type
Specialty
Activity sectors
Medicine
Description
Education required

Alphabetical lists[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]