Bloomfield, Kentucky

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This article is about the present-day city. For the former community of the same name in Bath Co., see Sharpsburg, Kentucky.
City of Bloomfield
City
Location of Bloomfield, Kentucky
Location of Bloomfield, Kentucky
Coordinates: 37°54′52″N 85°19′9″W / 37.91444°N 85.31917°W / 37.91444; -85.31917Coordinates: 37°54′52″N 85°19′9″W / 37.91444°N 85.31917°W / 37.91444; -85.31917
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Nelson
Incorporated 1819[1]
Named for the family of a local landowner[2]
Area
 • Total 1.32 sq mi (3.41 km2)
 • Land 1.29 sq mi (3.35 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.06 km2)
Elevation 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 838
 • Density 636.8/sq mi (245.9/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 40008
Area code(s) 502
FIPS code 21-07516
GNIS feature ID 0487497
Website www.bloomfieldky.com

Bloomfield is a 5th-class city in Nelson County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 838 during the 2010 U.S. census.

History[edit]

The community on the east fork of Simpson Creek originally grew up on sites purchased from Leven Powell's 2,000-acre (810 ha) land grant, which he received from the state of Virginia in 1779 and surveyed in 1781.[3] The community on the east bank of the creek was known as Middlesburg when its first post office opened in 1803;[2] the west bank was known as Gandertown from its sport of "ganderpulling". Dr. John Bemiss of Rochester, New York, had settled in the area in 1799;[3] in 1817, he laid out the town and renamed it Bloomfield, supposedly after his wife's maiden name (Bloomer) and his daughter's married name (Merrifield). The post office adopted this name the next year,[2] but, according to the state's Land Office, the town was still formally incorporated under the name Middlesburg in 1819.[1]

Bloomfield's economy has always been agriculturally based, but there was a flour mill and a tobacco auction house in the 19th century. The public library was established in 1916 by the local Woman's Club.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bloomfield is located at 37°54′52″N 85°19′9″W / 37.91444°N 85.31917°W / 37.91444; -85.31917 (37.914332, -85.319232)[4] on the east fork of Simpson Creek. It is on U.S. 62 and Ky. 55 and 48, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Bardstown. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2), of which 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) is land and 0.78% is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010,[5] there were 838 people, 334 households, and 230 families residing in the city. The population density was 636.8 people per square mile (245.9/km²). There were 384 housing units at an average density of 291.8 per square mile (112.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.3% White (88.1% non-Hispanic), 8.6% African American, 0.48% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.0% of the population. No one in the city identified exclusively as a Native American or Pacific Islander.

There were 334 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04.

The age distribution was 27.2% under 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 38.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,938, and the median income for a family was $51,528. Full-time male workers had a median income of $46,944 versus $26,510 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,279. About 18.1% of families and 18.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

  • Home of the Bloomfield Mill, which ground corn and wheat meal for local farmers.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

  • The Bloomfield Library has been housed in three different locations in the town and has continued to expand in size due to the town's growth (much of it outside the current city limits).[citation needed]
  • There are two public schools, Bloomfield Elementary School and Bloomfield Middle School; there are two schools now closed: the former Bloomfield High School and Eli J Brown Elementary school, both now privately owned. Eli Brown was a black-only school during segregation.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Bloomfield, Kentucky". Accessed 15 Jul 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Rennick, Robert. Kentucky Place Names, p. 23. University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1987. Accessed 8 October 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d City of Bloomfield. "History of the City of Bloomfield, Kentucky". 2013. Accessed 8 October 2013.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.