McLean County, Illinois

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McLean County, Illinois
McLean County Courthouse and Square (7436726814).jpg
McLean County Courthouse and Square
Map of Illinois highlighting McLean County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded December 25, 1830
Named for John McLean
Seat Bloomington
Largest city Bloomington
Area
 • Total 1,186 sq mi (3,072 km2)
 • Land 1,183 sq mi (3,064 km2)
 • Water 2.9 sq mi (8 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 169,572
 • Density 143/sq mi (55/km²)
Congressional districts 13th, 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.mclean.il.us

McLean County is the largest county by land area in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 169,572.[1] Its county seat is Bloomington.[2]

McLean County is included in the Bloomington, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Pronunciation[edit]

Locally, the second syllable of McLean is pronounced with a 'long a' (ā, IPA /ei/) sound (i.e. "muh-KLAIN") (as with native son McLean Stevenson), not with a 'long e' (ē, IPA /i/) sound ("muh-KLEEN").

History[edit]

McLean County was formed late in 1830 out of Tazewell County. It was named for John McLean, United States Senator for Illinois, who died in 1830.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,186 square miles (3,070 km2), of which 1,183 square miles (3,060 km2) is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3] It is the largest county in Illinois by land area and third-largest by total area. McLean County is actually larger than the land area of Rhode Island (1045 sq mi).

Climate and weather[edit]

Bloomington, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.7
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
37
18
 
 
2.9
 
48
29
 
 
3.8
 
61
40
 
 
4.5
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
86
65
 
 
3.8
 
84
63
 
 
3
 
77
54
 
 
2.7
 
65
42
 
 
3.1
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bloomington have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.71 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.52 inches (115 mm) in May.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Government[edit]

McLean County has a twenty member board representing ten districts within the county. District 1, District 2, and District 3 encompass all of the county outside of Bloomington and Normal. Districts 4, 5, and 6 are within the town limits of Normal, and districts 7, 8, 9, and 10 are within Bloomington city limits.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,565
1850 10,163 54.8%
1860 28,772 183.1%
1870 53,988 87.6%
1880 60,100 11.3%
1890 63,036 4.9%
1900 67,843 7.6%
1910 68,008 0.2%
1920 70,107 3.1%
1930 73,117 4.3%
1940 73,930 1.1%
1950 76,577 3.6%
1960 83,877 9.5%
1970 104,389 24.5%
1980 119,149 14.1%
1990 129,180 8.4%
2000 150,433 16.5%
2010 169,572 12.7%
Est. 2013 174,647 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 150,433 people, 56,746 households, and 35,466 families residing in the county. The population density was 127 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 59,972 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.19% White, 6.19% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.01% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 2.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.6% were of German, 18.1% English and 11.5% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.5% spoke English and 2.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 56,746 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.90% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 18.60% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 19.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,021, and the median income for a family was $61,073. Males had a median income of $41,290 versus $28,435 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,227. About 4.10% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.00% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Map of McLean County, Illinois

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

McLean County is divided into these townships:

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bloomington, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°29′N 88°51′W / 40.49°N 88.85°W / 40.49; -88.85