Blue Monday (date)
Blue Monday is a name given to a date in mid-to-late January stated, as part of a publicity campaign by Sky Travel, to be the most depressing day of the year. However, the whole concept is considered pseudoscience, with its formula derided by scientists as nonsense.
This date was published in a press release under the name of Cliff Arnall, at the time a tutor at the Centre for Lifelong Learning, a Further Education centre attached to Cardiff University. Guardian columnist Dr. Ben Goldacre reported that the press release was delivered substantially pre-written to a number of academics by public relations agency Porter Novelli, who offered them money to put their names to it. The Guardian later printed a statement from Cardiff University distancing themselves from Arnall: "Cardiff University has asked us to point out that Cliff Arnall... was a former part-time tutor at the university but left in February."
This date allegedly falls on the Monday of the last full week of January. The date was declared by Arnall to be 24 January in 2005, 23 January in 2006, 22 January in 2007, 21 January in 2008, 19 January in 2009, 18 January in 2010. In 2011 there was confusion about the correct date; some claimed it to be 17 January 2011 while others stated Blue Monday was on 24 January 2011. In 2012, the most depressing day of the year was said to be 23 January. In 2013, the blue Monday is said to be on January 21.
According to a press release by a mental health charity, the formula is:
where weather=W, debt=d, time since Christmas=T, time since failing our new year’s resolutions=Q, low motivational levels=M and the feeling of a need to take action=Na. 'D' is not defined in the release, nor are units.
Arnall says the date was calculated by using many factors, including: weather conditions, debt level (the difference between debt accumulated and our ability to pay), time since Christmas, time since failing our new year’s resolutions, low motivational levels and feeling of a need to take action. Writing about the calculation, Ben Goldacre stated: ... the fact is that Cliff Arnall's equations ... fail even to make mathematical sense on their own terms. Dean Burnett, a neuroscientist who has worked in the psychology department of Cardiff University, has described the formula as "farcical", with "nonsensical measurements".
Mr Arnall also says, in a press release commissioned by Wall's, that he has calculated the happiest day of the year—in 2005, 24 June, in 2006, 23 June, in 2008, 20 June, in 2009, 19 June and in 2010, 18 June. So far, this date has fallen close to Midsummer (June 21st to 24th).
- Dean Burnett (16 January 2012). "Blue Monday: a depressing day of pseudoscience and humiliation". The Guardian.
- Goldacre, Ben (2006-12-16). "MS = media slut, but CW = corporate whore". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- Goldacre, Ben (2006-11-18). "How GxPxIxC = selling out to your corporate sponsor". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Jan. 24 called worst day of the year". MSNBC. 2005-01-24. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "Jan. 23 most depressing day of the year: report". CTV. 2006-01-24. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "Blue Monday: The unhappiest day of the year". London: Daily Mail. 2007-01-22. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- Booth, Frances (2008-01-21). "Smile! You're not the only one in a bad mood". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-01-21.
- "Campaign aims to help ease January blues British public urged to ‘Beat Blue Monday’". www.mentalhealth.org.uk. 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "'Blue Monday': Today the most depressing day of the year". www.joe.ie. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
- "2011 is so bad – we have two Blue Mondays!". beatbluemonday.org.uk. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- "Blue Monday". bluemonday.org. 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-01-18.
- "Today is the real Blue Monday". The Guardian. 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2011-01-24.
- Burnett, Dean (Monday 16 January 2012 06.59 GMT). "Blue Monday: a depressing day of pseudoscience and humiliation". Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Is Blue Monday the most depressing day of the year... or was it all a marketing scam to make us book vacations?". 16 January 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Blue Monday is most depressing day of the year, research claims". Telegraph. 16 Jan 2012. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Dean Burnett (21January 2013). "Blue Monday: a depressing day of nonsense science (again)". The Guardian.
- "It's the happiest day of the year, formula shows". CTV.ca. 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "Cheer up for year's happiest day". BBC. 2005-06-24. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- "Smile, it's the happiest day of the year". 2006-06-23. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- Smith, Rebecca (2008-06-20). "Today is the happiest day of the year according to Cliff Arnall's maths formula". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Here comes the sum... Algebra 'proves' how holiday hopes, heat and high spirits make today the year's happiest". Daily Mail (London). 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- Grant, Alistair (2010-06-18). "Happiness is, today, claims maths equation". Irish Examiner (Cork). Retrieved 2010-06-18.