Blue Mountain (Pennsylvania)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Blue Mountain[1]
Kittatinny[1][2]
Blue Mountain.jpg
The "Great Wall" of Blue Mountain
Highest point
Peak Clarks Knob[3]
Elevation 2,320 ft (710 m)
Coordinates 40°3′0″N 77°44′52″W / 40.05000°N 77.74778°W / 40.05000; -77.74778Coordinates: 40°3′0″N 77°44′52″W / 40.05000°N 77.74778°W / 40.05000; -77.74778
Dimensions
Length 150 mi (240 km) east-west
Geography
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
Borders on Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians and Great Appalachian Valley
Geology
Period Silurian
Type of rock Tuscarora Formation and Shawangunk Formation; sedimentary

Blue Mountain is a ridge that forms the eastern edge of the Appalachian mountain range in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It cuts across the eastern half of the state from New Jersey to Maryland, providing a distinct boundary between a number of Pennsylvania's geographical and cultural regions. To its northwest side are the southern and central mountains and valleys, the "coal region," and the Poconos. To its southeast side are the Cumberland Valley, the "capital region," Pennsylvania Dutch Country, and the Lehigh Valley.

Geography[edit]

The ridge of Blue Mountain runs for 150 miles (240 km) through Pennsylvania, reaching an elevation of 2,270 feet (690 m) above sea level just north of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, near the borough of Newburg. Most of the ridgecrest, however, only reaches between 1,400 feet (430 m) and 1,700 feet (520 m) in elevation. The mountain's width varies from 1 mile (1.6 km) to 3 miles (4.8 km).

The southwestern end of the mountain is at Big Gap, west of Shippensburg. (The mountain ridge continues to the southwest towards Maryland under the name of Broad Mountain.) The northeastern end of the mountain is at the Delaware Water Gap on the New Jersey border. Mount Minsi, forms the promontory overlooking the Delaware River. The ridge of Blue Mountain continues northeast into New Jersey as the Kittatinny Mountains.[4]

Blue Mountain marks the boundary between the Great Appalachian Valley and the main Ridge-and-valley Appalachians.

Water gaps[edit]

Four of Pennsylvania's major rivers cut through Blue Mountain in water gaps.

The Pennsylvania Turnpike[edit]

The western portal of the eastbound Blue Mountain Tunnel.

The Pennsylvania Turnpike system passes through the Blue Mountain at two points.

Both tunnels (each consisting of two tubes) carry two lanes in each direction of travel.

Blue Mountain attractions in Pennsylvania[edit]

Blue Mountain School District is named after the mountain range. It is located just off Rt. 61 in Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blue Mountain". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  2. ^ What's in a name, Spanning the Gap newsletter of the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Summer 1984
  3. ^ "Clarks Knob". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale and 1:250,000-scale topographic map series

External links[edit]