Amphibious Command Ship
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USS Mount Whitney
|Name:||Blue Ridge Class|
Philadelphia Naval Shipyard - LCC 19
|Operators:||United States Navy|
|In commission:||1970 - Present|
|Displacement:||18,874 long tons (19,176.89 metric tons) full load|
|Length:||634 ft (190 m)|
|Beam:||108 ft (32 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft 9 in (8.15 m) full load|
|Propulsion:||Two boilers, one geared turbine, one shaft; 22,000 hp (16,000 kW)|
|Speed:||23 kn (26 mph; 43 km/h)|
|Range:||13,000 nm (24,076 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h)|
|Complement:||720 enlisted, 23 officers|
|Aircraft carried:||All helicopters except the CH-53 Sea Stallion can be carried|
Amphibious Command Ships (LCC) in the United States Navy are large, special purpose ships, originally designed to command large amphibious invasions. However, as amphibious invasions have become unlikely, they are now used as general command ships, and serve as floating headquarters for the various combatant commands. Currently, they are assigned to the 6th and 7th fleets as flagships.
USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7/LCC-7) was the lead ship of the previous class of amphibious force command ships. She was designed as an amphibious force flagship, a floating command post with advanced communications equipment and extensive combat information spaces to be used by the amphibious forces commander and landing force commander during large-scale operations.
World War II
In World War II this type of ship was termed Amphibious Force Flagship (AGC). It was not a specific ship class, but rather one that had appropriate radio capabilities and space for command operations. Typically a merchant ship under construction would be completed as an Amphibious Force Flagship, but some ships were refitted for this purpose.
The original meaning of AGC was based on the General Auxiliary class of miscellaneous unclassified vessels AG and sub-class C, with 3 possible meanings; Command, Control, or Communications, but it became an anacronym, since all AGCs were called Amphibious Force Flagships. The British used the term Landing Ship Infantry (Headquarters) for this type of ship.
- U.S. Navy Factfile
- LCC 19 Blue Ridge class at GlobalSecurity.org
- p177 AGC ships of the U.S. fleet
- p261 U.S. amphibious ships and craft: Command and Control
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