U.S. Route 301 in Maryland

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 301 in Maryland. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 301.

U.S. Route 301 marker

U.S. Route 301
Route information
Maintained by MDSHA
Length: 122.85 mi[1] (197.71 km)
Existed: 1940 – present
Tourist
routes:
Religious Freedom Byway
Religious Freedom Tour Scenic Byway
Major junctions
South end: US 301 at Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge
 

MD 5 in Brandywine
MD 4 in Upper Marlboro
US 50 in Bowie
I‑97 in Annapolis
MD 2 in Annapolis
MD 18 near Queenstown
MD 213 near Centreville

MD 313 near Galena
North end: US 301 in Warwick
Highway system
MD 300 MD 301
"Blue Star Memorial Highway (Maryland)" redirects here. See also, U.S. Route 50 in Maryland#Blue Star Memorial Highway

U.S. Route 301 in Maryland is a major highway that runs from Delaware to the Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge into Virginia. It passes through three of Maryland's four main regions: the Eastern Shore, the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area, and Southern Maryland. US 301 serves mainly as a bypass of Baltimore and Washington from Delaware to Virginia.

Route description[edit]

Robert Crain Highway[edit]

The Robert Crain Highway in Prince George's County

US 301 is a minimum of four lanes throughout the state of Maryland. It enters the state via the Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge and joins the original route of Maryland Route 3 near the town of Newburg in Charles County. Between the Potomac River and the city of Bowie, the route is known as the Robert Crain Highway. Running north, the highway serves the towns of La Plata, Waldorf (where it briefly overlaps MD 5), Brandywine, Upper Marlboro (where it interchanges with MD 4 the Stephanie Roper Highway), and Bowie before joining US 50 in Bowie at the southern terminus of MD 3, upon which the Crain Highway continues to I-97 and MD 32.

John Hanson Highway[edit]

US 50.svg

Now following US 50 (and secret I-595) east along the John Hanson Highway, the route serves Annapolis and crosses the Severn River via the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge before traversing Sandy Point State Park to the foot of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge. The route meets the southern terminus of Interstate 97, which connects to the highway near the western terminus of MD 665, a freeway spur into downtown Annapolis. US 301 connects to other local highways such as MD 450, MD 2 (which joins the route at this interchange), and MD 70. At MD 70, secret I-595 ends, and US 50, US 301 and MD 2 continue across the Severn River. Both highways form an effective freeway bypass of Annapolis, but both highways also experience enormous backups in the eastbound direction during the summer months due to heavy tourist traffic attempting to cross the Chesapeake Bay. Along the Annapolis section, the freeway takes on a blue star memorial highway designation.

Blue Star Memorial Highway[edit]

After crossing the Severn River, the Blue Star Memorial Highway designation becomes the road's name, Blue Star Memorial Highway. Upon crossing the Chesapeake Bay, US 301 enters Queen Anne's County at Kent Island. Continuing east, the highway leaves the island and enters the Delmarva Peninsula as it crosses the Kent Narrows via a high-level bridge (with MD 18 making use of the original drawbridge). US 301 and US 50 separate near Queenstown. At the split, US 50 continues as the Ocean Gateway to Ocean City. The segment between the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and the 50-301 split is noted for the many right-in/right-out interchanges with MD 18 and MD 835, a legacy of the days when the route was a four-lane at-grade expressway.

Downgrading from a six-lane freeway to a four-lane at-grade expressway, the route runs north, serving as one of the backbones of the Delmarva Peninsula. Still known as the Blue Star Memorial Highway, the route connects with several major highways in the northern segment of the Eastern Shore, including MD 213 and MD 313. It narrows abruptly to a two-lane country road as it enters the state of Delaware.

History[edit]

MD Route 3.svg
MD Route 71.svg

In 1940, the completion of the Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge heralded the entry of US 301 into Maryland. A short connector between the northern end of the bridge and MD 3 resulted in the majority of the latter route being taken over by US 301, with only a small portion remaining signed as MD 3 (this portion is now MD 257).

Originally, the route went all the way along former MD 3 into Baltimore and ended near present-day Maryland Route 295 Russell Street. As US 301, it was upgraded into a four- and six-lane divided highway throughout in the 1940s and 1950s. In the 1960s, the route was rerouted along US 50 to the Eastern Shore where it split from US 50 and was routed from there up former Maryland Route 71 into Delaware. Today, Route 301 is a multi-lane highway throughout its path through the state with the exception of the Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge; the nine miles (14 km) of MD 3 between US 50 and Interstate 97 is also a four- and six-lane divided highway and is part of the same continuous physical route.

The segment of the highway between the eastern end of the Chesapeake Bay Bridge and the US 50/US 301 split in Queenstown was originally built as a four-lane at-grade divided expressway. By the late 1980s, traffic levels were so high that the route was upgraded into a six-lane grade-separated limited-access expressway, with most of the intersections converted into right-in/right-out interchanges, and a few others being converted into more standard interchanges. The upgrade of the route was completed by the early 1990s.

The US 50/301 concurrency on the Eastern Shore included a four-lane drawspan connecting Kent Island to the mainland; the upgrade from 4 lanes to 6 lanes included rerouting US 50/301 onto a high-level fixed span just north of there, with the drawspan now being used for MD 18. Further north, where US 301 is running by itself as four-lane limited access, it reached MD 213 at a traffic signal which was the last full traffic signal on northbound US 301 in Maryland, but that signal was then replaced by the current interchange there.

Future developments[edit]

  • As the route enters Delaware, it becomes a two-lane roadway. However, plans exist to replace U.S. Route 301 in Delaware with a tollway that will link the divided US 301 in Maryland with Delaware Route 1, providing a multi-lane alternative to Interstate 95 between Northern Delaware and Washington, D.C.
  • A group known as the Eastern Shoreway Alliance is seeking to have US 301 from Queenstown to the Delaware line redesignated as the Eastern Shoreway [1], similar to the Ocean Gateway designation of US 50 to the south.

Junction list[edit]

County Location Mile
[1]
km Exit Destinations Notes
King George Dahlgren 0.00 0.00 US 301 south (James Madison Highway) – Richmond Southern terminus of US 301 in Maryland; Virginia state line at Potomac River
Potomac River 0.00–
1.90
0.00–
3.06
Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge / Potomac River Bridge
Charles Newburg 2.17 3.49 Governor Harry W. Nice Memorial Bridge Toll Plaza (southbound)
3.81 6.13 MD 257 south (Rock Point Road) – Cobb Island Directional crossover intersection
Allens Fresh 5.76 9.27 MD 234 east (Budds Creek Road) – Leonardtown Directional crossover intersection
La Plata 14.81 23.83 MD 6 (Charles Street/Port Tobacco Road) – Port Tobacco
15.54 25.01 MD 225 west (Hawthorne Road) – Indian Head
White Plains 19.55 31.46 MD 227 west (Marshall Corner Road) – Pomfret
20.77 33.43 Billingsley Road Billingsley Road east is MD 925A
Waldorf 23.31 37.51 MD 228 west (Berry Road) / MD 5 Bus. south (Leonardtown Road) – Accokeek, Hughesville
26.04 41.91 Mattawoman Drive Mattawoman Drive is MD 5K
26.26 42.26 MD 5 south (Mattawoman Beantown Road) – Lexington Park, Leonardtown No direct access from northbound MD 5 to southbound US 301; missing connections made via Mattawoman Drive; south end of concurrency with MD 5
Prince George's Brandywine 28.90 46.51 MD 5 north (Branch Avenue) – Washington Northbound exit, southbound entrance; north end of concurrency with MD 5
29.20 46.99 MD 381 south (Brandywine Road) / Brandywine Road north – Aquasco
Marlton 36.62 58.93 MD 382 south (Croom Road) – Aquasco
Upper Marlboro 40.37 64.97 MD 4 (Stephanie Roper Highway) – Prince Frederick, Washington Cloverleaf interchange
41.08 66.11 MD 725 west (Marlboro Pike) / Marlboro Pike east
Bowie 46.22 74.38 Old Central Avenue Old Central Avenue is MD 978B
46.36 74.61 MD 214 (Central Avenue) – Washington Partial cloverleaf interchange; no access from northbound US 301 to eastbound MD 214 or from eastbound MD 214 to southbound US 301; missing movements made via Old Central Avenue
49.42 79.53 MD 197 north (Collington Road) – Laurel
50.28 80.92 13 US 50 west (John Hanson Highway) / MD 3 north (Robert Crain Highway) / Melford – Washington, Crofton Split into exits 13A (US 301 south), 13B (MD 3), and 13C (Melford); south end of concurrencies with US 50 and I-595
Anne Arundel   53.70 86.42 16 MD 424 (Davidsonville Road) – Davidsonville, Crofton
Parole 58.48 94.11 21 I‑97 north – Baltimore
59.54 95.82 22 MD 665 east (Aris T. Allen Boulevard) / To Riva Road
60.20 96.88 23 MD 450 (West Street) to MD 178 – Parole, Crownsville
60.65 97.61 23A MD 2 south (Solomons Island Road) / Jennifer Road – Parole, Prince Frederick No exit eastbound; west end of concurrency with MD 2
61.92 99.65 24 MD 70 south (Roscoe Rowe Boulevard) / Bestgate Road – Annapolis Split into exits 24A (MD 70) and 24B (Bestgate Road) westbound; eastern terminus of unsigned I-595
Severn River 62.64–
63.19
100.81–
101.69
Severn River Bridge / Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge
Arnold 63.83 102.72 27 MD 2 north / MD 450 south (Governor Ritchie Highway) – Severna Park, Naval Academy, Baltimore Split into exits 27A (MD 450) and 27B (MD 2) westbound; east end of concurrency with MD 2
64.13 103.21 Baltimore–Annapolis Boulevard north Unmarked right-in/right-out interchange westbound; officially MD 648F
64.78 104.25 28 Bay Dale Drive to Old Mill Bottom Road / Ferguson Road
Cape St. Claire 66.31 106.72 29 MD 179 (St. Margarets Road/Cape St. Claire Road) / MD 908 / Busch's Frontage Road / East College Parkway Split into exits 29A (Busch's Frontage Road) and 29B (Cape St. Claire Road) eastbound; Busch's Frontage Road and East College Parkway are MD 908A and MD 908B, respectively
66.82 107.54 30 Whitehall Road Eastbound exit and entrance; Whitehall Road is MD 908C
67.80 109.11 31 Whitehall Road Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound; Whitehall Road is MD 908C
Skidmore 68.60 110.40 32 Oceanic Drive – Sandy Point State Park Oceanic Drive is MD 908D
68.89 110.87 Chesapeake Bay Bridge Toll Plaza (eastbound)
Chesapeake Bay 69.26–
73.32
111.46–
118.00
Chesapeake Bay Bridge / William Preston Lane Jr. Memorial Bridge
Queen Anne's Stevensville 74.38 119.70 37 MD 8 (Business Parkway) – Stevensville, Romancoke
75.03 120.75 38A Duke Street Right-in/right-out interchange westbound
75.05 120.78 38A Thompson Creek Road Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound
Chester 76.02 122.34 38B Services Westbound exit and entrance; frontage road is US 50QC
76.14 122.54 39A Cox Neck Road Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound
76.15 122.55 39A Castle Marina Road to MD 18 Right-in/right-out interchange westbound; Castle Marina Road is MD 18H
76.65 123.36 39B Piney Creek Road Right-in/right-out interchange westbound; Piney Creek Road is MD 18T; connector road is MD 552A (Chester Station Road)
76.67 123.39 39B MD 552 south (Dominion Road) Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound
77.30 124.40 40A South Piney Road Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound
77.33 124.45 40A Piney Creek Road Right-in/right-out interchange westbound
77.68 125.01 40B Dundee Avenue Right-in/right-out interchange eastbound
Kent Narrows 77.92 125.40 41 MD 18 (Main Street) – Kent Narrows West Westbound ramps are with Piney Narrows Road
Kent Narrows 78.20–
78.78
125.85–
126.78
Kent Narrows Bridge
Kent Narrows 79.08 127.27 42 MD 18 (Main Street) – Kent Narrows East Westbound right-in/right-out interchange with MD 835G (Kent Narrows Road); eastbound right-in/right-out interchange with MD 835 (Seward Marina Road)
Grasonville 79.76 128.36 43A Jackson Creek Road Westbound right-in/right-out interchange; Jackson Creek Road is MD 18U
79.78 128.39 43A MD 18 (Main Street) – Grasonville Eastbound right-in/right-out interchange with unnamed MD 18F
80.53 129.60 43B Chester River Beach Road No westbound exit; Chester River Beach road is MD 18V
80.93 130.24 44A VFW Avenue Westbound right-in/right-out interchange; VFW Avenue is MD 18W
80.94 130.26 44A Station Lane Eastbound right-in/right-out interchange; Station Lane is MD 18I
81.29 130.82 44B Winchester Creek Road Westbound right-in/right-out interchange; Winchester Creek Road is MD 835H
81.30 130.84 44B Evans Avenue Eastbound right-in/right-out interchange; Evans Avenue is MD 18Z
81.63 131.37 45A Hissey Road Westbound right-in/right-out interchange; Hissey Road is MD 835I
81.64 131.39 45A Hess Road Eastbound right-in/right-out interchange; Hess Road is MD 18X
82.06 132.06 45B Nesbit Road Nesbit Road is MD 835K
Queenstown 83.25 133.98 46 US 50 east (Ocean Gateway) – Ocean City Northbound exit, southbound entrance; north end of concurrency with US 50
83.81 134.88 MD 18 (Outlet Center Drive/Main Street) – Queenstown Superstreet intersection; Outlet Center Drive is MD 18S and Main Street is MD 18C
84.31 135.68 MD 456 (Del Rhodes Avenue) to US 50 – Queenstown Superstreet intersection
  89.01 143.25 MD 213 (Centreville Road) – Centreville, Wye Mills Partial cloverleaf interchange; before this was built, the junction was the last full traffic signal on US 301 in Maryland
  91.91 147.91 MD 304 (Ruthsburg Road) – Centreville, Ruthsburg Superstreet intersection
  93.60 150.63 MD 305 (Hope Road) – Centreville, Hope
  96.37 155.09 Hayden Clark Road – Bay Country Welcome Center Hayden Clark Road is MD 834
Price 98.38 158.33 MD 405 (Price Station Road) – Church Hill, Price
  100.00 160.93 MD 19 (Roberts Station Road) – Church Hill, Ingleside
  101.54 163.41 MD 302 east (Barclay Road) / Hall Road west – Barclay, Dover
  103.83 167.10 MD 300 (Sudlersville Road) – Church Hill, Sudlersville, Dover Superstreet intersection
  106.00 170.59 MD 290 (Dudley Corner Road) – Pondtown, Crumpton Interchange
  109.22 175.77 MD 544 (McGinnes Road) – Chestertown, Sudlersville Superstreet intersection
Kent   111.21 178.98 MD 291 (River Road) – Chestertown, Millington Right-in/right-out intersections with MD 701 (Howard Johnson Road) northbound and MD 701A (Edge Road) southbound
  115.10 185.24 MD 313 (Massey Galena Road) – Galena, Massey Superstreet intersection
Sassafras 118.72 191.06 MD 290 (Galena Sassafras Road) – Chestertown, Galena Diamond interchange
Cecil   120.34 193.67 MD 299 south (Massey Sassafras Road) / Sassafras Road north – Cecilton, Massey
Warwick 122.85 197.71 US 301 north (Middletown Warwick Road) – Wilmington Northern terminus of US 301 in Maryland; Delaware state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2013). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-09-08. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


U.S. Route 301
Previous state:
Virginia
Maryland Next state:
Delaware