Blue groper

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Not to be confused with blue grouper.
Achoerodus
Achoerodus viridis.jpg
Achoerodus viridis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Labridae
Genus: Achoerodus
T. N. Gill, 1863
Type species
Labrus gouldii
J. Richardson, 1843
Blue Groper's.png
Distributions:
Red = eastern blue groper
Dark blue = western blue groper
Synonyms
  • Heterochoerops Steindachner, 1866
  • Platychoerops Klunzinger, 1879

Achoerodus is a genus of wrasses collectively known as blue gropers. They are found in the coastal waters of southern Australia and distinguished by the bright blue colouring of the adult males.

The thick-bodied blue gropers have peg teeth, heavy scales, large tails and thick lips. Juveniles are brown to green brown. Adult females are brown to greenish-yellow. Each scale may have a darker red spot. The adult males have the bright blue colouring that give the fish their name. The blue can range from deep navy to cobalt blue, and there may also be darker or yellow-orange spots or lines around the eyes.

All blue gropers begin life as females. As they mature, they go through an initial phase, in which they may be male or female, before developing their adult colouring and reaching the terminal phase.

The fish live in a variety of coastal waters, especially exposed reefs.

In 1998, the eastern blue groper was made the state fish emblem of New South Wales.[1]

Species[edit]

The currently recognized species in this genus are:[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Symbols & Emblems of NSW". Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Achoerodus in FishBase. August 2013 version.

External links[edit]