Bluenose postage stamp of 1929
|Port of registry:||Lunenburg, Nova Scotia|
|Launched:||March 26, 1921|
|Fate:||Sold out-of-country in 1942 to become a tramp schooner in the Caribbean|
|Career (West Indies)|
|Fate:||On January 28, 1946 she foundered on a reef off the coast of Haiti and sank|
|Displacement:||258 tonnes (284 short tons)|
|Length:||49 m (160 ft 9 in) o/a
34 m (111 ft 7 in) lwl
|Beam:||8 m (26 ft 3 in)|
|Draft:||5 m (16 ft 5 in)|
|Mainmast, height from deck||38 m (124 ft 8 in)|
|Foremast, height from deck||36 m (118 ft 1 in)|
|Sail area||1,036 m2 (11,150 sq ft)|
|Mainsail area||386 m2 (4,150 sq ft)|
|Crew:||6 Officers, Chief Cook, 15 Deckhands|
Bluenose was a Canadian fishing and racing schooner from Nova Scotia built in 1921. She was later commemorated by a replica Bluenose II built in 1963. A celebrated racing ship and hard-working fishing vessel, Bluenose became a provincial icon for Nova Scotia and an important Canadian symbol in the 1930s. The name "bluenose" originated as a nickname for Nova Scotians from as early as the late 18th century.
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Nova Scotia|
|History of Canada portal|
Designed by William Roué and built by Smith and Rhuland, Bluenose was launched at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia on March 26, 1921, and christened by Audrey Marie Smith. She was built to be a racing ship and fishing vessel, in response to the defeat of the Nova Scotian Fishing Schooner Delawana by the Gloucester, Massachusetts fishing schooner Esperanto in 1920, in a race sponsored by the Halifax Herald newspaper.
After a season fishing on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland under the command of Angus Walters, Bluenose defeated Elsie (out of Gloucester), returning the International Fishermen's Trophy to Nova Scotia. In 1930, off Gloucester, Massachusetts, she was defeated 2–0 in the inaugural Sir Thomas Lipton International Fishing Challenge Cup by perhaps her most celebrated competitor, the Gertrude L. Thebaud. However, over the next 17 years of racing, no challenger, American or Canadian, could wrest the International Fishermen's Trophy from her.
She was no mere racing ship, but also a general fishing craft that was worked hard throughout her lifetime. She fished cod and other kinds of groundfish, and at least once won competitions for largest catches of the season and similar awards.
Fishing schooners became obsolete during the 1930s, displaced by motor schooners and trawlers. Despite efforts to keep her in Nova Scotia led by Capt. Walters, Bluenose was sold to work as a freighter in the West Indies. Laden with bananas, she struck a coral reef off Île à Vache, Haiti on January 28, 1946. Wrecked beyond repair, with no loss of life, she was abandoned on the reef.
Various divers and film makers have claimed to have found the wreck of Bluenose, most recently in June 2005 by divers from the Caribbean Marine Institute searching for Henry Morgan's ship HMS Oxford. However the large number of wrecks on the reef at Île à Vache and the scattered condition of the wreckage has made identification difficult.
Fame and commemoration 
Bluenose, under full sail, is portrayed on the Bluenose postage stamp 50 cent issue. The Bluenose has been featured on a 1982 60-cent stamp that commemorated the International Philatelic Youth Exhibition. The Bluenose is featured on a 1988 37-cent issue that celebrated Bluenose skipper Angus Walters.
The Bluenose also appears on the current Nova Scotia licence plate. The fishing schooner on the Canadian dime, added in 1937 at the height of fame for Bluenose, was actually based on a composite image of Bluenose and two other schooners, but has for years been commonly known as the Bluenose. In 2002, the government of Canada declared the depiction on the dime to be the Bluenose.
Bluenose and her captain, Angus J. Walters of Lunenburg, were inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1955, making her the first and only non-human CSHF inductee until 1960, when she was joined by Canadian Hydroplane Champion Miss Supertest III. That same year another honour was bestowed upon the sailing ship when a new Canadian National Railways passenger-vehicle ferry for the inaugural Yarmouth-Bar Harbor service was launched as the M/V Bluenose.
Bluenose II 
In 1963 a replica of Bluenose was built at Lunenburg using the original Bluenose plans and named Bluenose II. The replica was built by the Oland Brewery as a marketing tool for their Schooner Lager beer brand and as a pleasure yacht for the Olands family. Bluenose II was sold to the government of Nova Scotia in 1971 for the sum of $1 or 10 Canadian dimes. The replica schooner is used for tourism promotion as a "sailing ambassador". In honour of her predecessor's racing record, Bluenose II does not officially race. The replica has undergone several refits to extend her life including a major rebuild that began in 2010 which aims to make the replica look more like the original Bluenose.
Bluenose IV 
In 2007, Joan Roué, the great-granddaughter of the designer William Roué, started raising funds to build a new Bluenose. She cited the need for a new ambassador for Nova Scotia and Canada, listing the particulars at a Bluenose IV website. The name Bluenose III is owned by the province of Nova Scotia, and Ms. Roué could not reach an agreement for its use on the new schooner so Ms. Roué and North Atlantic Enterprises are proceeding anyway, however, under the name Bluenose IV. An agreement was reached with Snyder's Shipyard to build the new replica when fundraising was completed. However as of 2009, Roué had not succeeded in raising the required funds.
In the media 
In 1977, The Houghton Weavers, a folk group from Lancashire, England, recorded a song titled Blue Nose. They described the song as "A well known sea shanty telling of one of the famous sailing ships on the jamaican rum run". The song featured on the album "Gone are the days".
Canadian folk singer Stan Rogers honours both ships in his song "Bluenose", found on his albums Turnaround, released in 1978, and Home In Halifax, released posthumously in 1994. - Michael Stanbury – Bluenose is another musical rendition of the racing history of the bluenose. A sailing ship called Bluenose appears in the 1990s children's television program Theodore Tugboat. The children's television series TUGS features a character named Bluenose, who may be named after the schooner.
In 2001 Canadian folk musician Stompin' Tom Connors (OC) released a song about Nova Scotia, its people, and the Bluenose Sailing Ship called "Bluenose" on the CD "Stompin' Tom Connors Sings Canadian History."
See also 
- Bluenose II
- Museum ship
- List of museum ships
- Ship replica
- Ships preserved in museums
- List of schooners
- Nova Scotia Archives and Records Management (27 July 2004). "How the Bluenose Got Its Name". Province of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
- James Robbins, "Thebaud wins cup by second victory", The New York Times. October 19, 1930.
- Auld, Alison (16 March 2002). "Boat on dime is Bluenose". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 March 2009.
- Schooner Bluenose IV website
- "Roué Looks for 7 Million for Bluenose IV", Southshorenow.ca
Further reading 
- Getson, Heather-Anne, Bluenose: The Ocean Knows Her Name., Halifax: Nimbus Publishing, 2006.
- Keith McLaren. A Race for Real Sailors: The Bluenose and the International Fishermen's Race 1920 - 1938. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2006.
- Marq de Villiers. Witch in the Wind:The True Story of the Legendary Bluenose. Toronto: Thomas Allen, 2007.
- Higgins, Andrew & Jesse I. Spalding III World War II Adventures of Canada's Bluenose Publication Date: April 1, 1998 | ISBN 0966307305 | ISBN 978-0966307306 | Edition: 1st
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bluenose (ship, 1921)|
- Bluenose II
- Bluenose: A Canadian Icon
- Bluenose Heritage Minute
- Bluenose Model Builder
- "The Fisherman's Race", October 1930, Popular Mechanics
- The Canadian Encyclopedia, The Bluenose: "I gave her the power to carry sail"
- The Canadian Encyclopedia, The Bluenose