List of Bluetooth profiles

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In order to use Bluetooth technology, a device must be compatible with the subset of Bluetooth profiles necessary to use the desired services. A Bluetooth profile is a specification regarding an aspect of Bluetooth-based wireless communication between devices. It resides on top of the Bluetooth Core Specification and (optionally) additional protocols. While the profile may use certain features of the core specification, specific versions of profiles are rarely tied to specific versions of the core specification. For example, there are Hands-Free Profile (HFP) 1.5 implementations using both Bluetooth 2.0 and Bluetooth 1.2 core specifications.

The way a device uses Bluetooth technology depends on its profile capabilities. The profiles provide standards which manufacturers follow to allow devices to use Bluetooth in the intended manner. For the Bluetooth low energy stack according to Bluetooth V4.0 a special set of profiles applies.

At a maximum, each profile specification contains information on the following topics:

  • Dependencies on other formats
  • Suggested user interface formats
  • Specific parts of the Bluetooth protocol stack used by the profile. To perform its task, each profile uses particular options and parameters at each layer of the stack. This may include an outline of the required service record, if appropriate.

This article summarizes the current definitions and possible applications of each profile.

List of profiles[edit]

The following profiles are defined and adopted by the Bluetooth SIG:

Advanced Audio Distribution Profile (A2DP)[edit]

This profile defines how multimedia audio can be streamed from one device to another over a Bluetooth connection. For example, music can be streamed from a mobile phone, to a wireless headset, hearing aid/cochlear implant streamer, car audio, or from a laptop/desktop to a wireless headset; also, voice can be streamed from a microphone device to a recorder on a PC.[1] The Audio/Video Remote Control Profile (AVRCP) is often used in conjunction with A2DP for remote control on devices such as headphones, car audio systems, or stand-alone speaker units. These systems often also implement Headset (HSP) or Hands-Free (HFP) profiles for telephone calls, which may be used separately.

Each A2DP service, of possibly many, is designed to uni-directionally transfer an audio stream in up to 2 channel stereo, either to or from the Bluetooth host.[2] This profile relies on AVDTP and GAVDP. It includes mandatory support for the low-complexity SBC codec (not to be confused with Bluetooth's voice-signal codecs such as CVSDM), and supports optionally: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, AAC, and ATRAC, and is extensible to support manufacturer-defined codecs, such as apt-X.

Some Bluetooth stacks enforce the SCMS-T digital rights management (DRM) scheme. In these cases, it is impossible to connect certain A2DP headphones for high quality audio.

Attribute Profile (ATT)[edit]

The ATT is a wire application protocol for Bluetooth Low Energy specification. It is closely related to Generic Attribute Profile (GATT).

Audio/Video Remote Control Profile (AVRCP)[edit]

This profile is designed to provide a standard interface to control TVs, Hi-fi equipment, etc. to allow a single remote control (or other device) to control all of the A/V equipment to which a user has access. It may be used in concert with A2DP or VDP.

It has the possibility for vendor-dependent extensions.

AVRCP has several versions with significantly increasing functionality:

  • 1.0 — Basic remote control commands (play/pause/stop, etc.)
  • 1.3 — all of 1.0 plus metadata and media-player state support
    • The status of the music source (playing, stopped, etc.)
    • Metadata information on the track itself (artist, track name, etc.).
  • 1.4 — all of 1.0 and 1.3 plus media browsing capabilities for multiple media players
    • Browsing and manipulation of multiple players
    • Browsing of media metadata per media player, including a "Now Playing" list
    • Basic search capabilities
    • Support for Absolute volume
  • 1.5 — all of 1.0, 1.3 and 1.4 plus specification corrections and clarifications to absolute volume control, browsing and other features

Basic Imaging Profile (BIP)[edit]

This profile is designed for sending images between devices and includes the ability to resize, and convert images to make them suitable for the receiving device. It may be broken down into smaller pieces:

Image Push
Allows the sending of images from a device the user controls.
Image Pull
Allows the browsing and retrieval of images from a remote device.
Advanced Image Printing
print images with advanced options using the DPOF format developed by Canon, Kodak, Fujifilm, and Matsushita
Automatic Archive
Allows the automatic backup of all the new images from a target device. For example, a laptop could download all of the new pictures from a camera whenever it is within range.
Remote Camera
Allows the initiator to remotely use a digital camera. For example, a user could place a camera on a tripod for a group photo, use their phone handset to check that everyone is in frame, and activate the shutter with the user in the photo.
Remote Display
Allows the initiator to push images to be displayed on another device. For example, a user could give a presentation by sending the slides to a video projector.

Basic Printing Profile (BPP)[edit]

This allows devices to send text, e-mails, vCards, or other items to printers based on print jobs. It differs from HCRP in that it needs no printer-specific drivers. This makes it more suitable for embedded devices such as mobile phones and digital cameras which cannot easily be updated with drivers dependent upon printer vendors.

Common ISDN Access Profile (CIP)[edit]

This provides unrestricted access to the services, data and signalling that ISDN offers.

Cordless Telephony Profile (CTP)[edit]

This is designed for cordless phones to work using Bluetooth. It is hoped that mobile phones could use a Bluetooth CTP gateway connected to a landline when within the home, and the mobile phone network when out of range. It is central to the Bluetooth SIG's "3-in-1 phone" use case.

Device ID Profile (DIP)[edit]

This profile allows a device to be identified above and beyond the limitations of the Device Class already available in Bluetooth. It enables identification of the manufacturer, product id, product version, and the version of the Device ID specification being met. It is useful in allowing a PC to identify a connecting device and download appropriate drivers. It enables similar applications to those the Plug-and-play specification allows.

Dial-up Networking Profile (DUN)[edit]

This profile provides a standard to access the Internet and other dial-up services over Bluetooth. The most common scenario is accessing the Internet from a laptop by dialing up on a mobile phone, wirelessly. It is based on Serial Port Profile (SPP), and provides for relatively easy conversion of existing products, through the many features that it has in common with the existing wired serial protocols for the same task. These include the AT command set specified in European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) 07.07, and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP).

DUN distinguishes the initiator (DUN Terminal) of the connection and the provider (DUN Gateway) of the connection. The gateway provides a modem interface and establishes the connection to a PPP gateway. The terminal implements the usage of the modem and PPP protocol to establish the network connection. In standard phones, the gateway PPP functionality is usually implemented by the access point of the Telco provider. In "always on" smartphones, the PPP gateway is often provided by the phone and the terminal shares the connection.

Fax Profile (FAX)[edit]

This profile is intended to provide a well-defined interface between a mobile phone or fixed-line phone and a PC with Fax software installed. Support must be provided for ITU T.31 and / or ITU T.32 AT command sets as defined by ITU-T. Data and voice calls are not covered by this profile.

File Transfer Profile (FTP)[edit]

Provides the capability to browse, manipulate and transfer objects (files and folders) in an object store (file system) of another system. Uses GOEP as a basis.

Generic Audio/Video Distribution Profile (GAVDP)[edit]

Generic Access Profile (GAP)[edit]

Provides the basis for all other profiles. GAP defines how two Bluetooth units discover and establish a connection with each other.

Generic Attribute Profile (GATT)[edit]

Provides profile discovery and description services for Bluetooth Low Energy protocol. It defines how ATT attributes are grouped together into sets to form services.

Generic Object Exchange Profile (GOEP)[edit]

Provides a basis for other data profiles. Based on OBEX and sometimes referred to as such.

Hard Copy Cable Replacement Profile (HCRP)[edit]

This provides a simple wireless alternative to a cable connection between a device and a printer. Unfortunately it does not set a standard regarding the actual communications to the printer, so drivers are required specific to the printer model or range. This makes this profile less useful for embedded devices such as digital cameras and palmtops, as updating drivers can be problematic.

Health Device Profile (HDP)[edit]

Health Thermometer profile (HTP) and Heart Rate Profile (HRP) fall under this category as well.

Profile designed to facilitate transmission and reception of Medical Device data. The API's of this layer interact with the lower level Multi-Channel Adaptation Protocol (MCAP layer), but also perform SDP behavior to connect to remote HDP devices. Also makes use of the Device ID Profile (DIP).

Hands-Free Profile (HFP)[edit]

Currently in version 1.6, this is commonly used to allow car hands-free kits to communicate with mobile phones in the car. It commonly uses Synchronous Connection Oriented link (SCO) to carry a monaural audio channel with continuously variable slope delta modulation or pulse-code modulation, and with logarithmic a-law or μ-law quantization. Version 1.6 adds optional support for wide band speech with the mSBC codec, a 16 kHz monaural configuration of the SBC codec mandated by the A2DP profile.

In 2002 Audi, with the Audi A8, was the first motor vehicle manufacturer to install Bluetooth technology in a car, enabling the passenger to use a wireless in-car phone. The following year DaimlerChrysler and Acura introduced Bluetooth technology integration with the audio system as a standard feature in the third-generation Acura TL in a system dubbed HandsFree Link (HFL). Later, BMW added it as an option on its 1 Series, 3 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series and X5 vehicles. Since then, other manufacturers have followed suit, with many vehicles, including the Toyota Prius (since 2004), 2007 Toyota Camry, 2007 Infiniti G35, and the Lexus LS 430 (since 2004). Several Nissan models (Versa, X-Trail) include a built-in Bluetooth for the Technology option. Volvo started introducing support in some vehicles in 2007, and as of 2009 all Bluetooth-enabled vehicles support HFP.[3]

Many manufacturers like Pioneer or JVC build car radios with Bluetooth module. This module usually has HFP support.

The Bluetooth car kits allow users with Bluetooth-equipped cell phones to make use of some of the phone's features, such as making calls, while the phone itself can be left in the user's pocket or hand bag. Companies like Johnson Controls, Peiker acustic, RAYTEL, Parrot SA, Novero, S1NN and Motorola manufacture Bluetooth hands-free car kits for well-known brand car manufacturers.

Most Bluetooth headsets implement both Hands-Free Profile and Headset Profile, because of the extra features in HFP for use with a mobile phone, such as last number redial, call waiting and voice dialing.

The mobile phone side of an HFP link is Audio Gateway or HFP Server. The automobile side of HFP link is Car Kit or HFP Client.

Human Interface Device Profile (HID)[edit]

Provides support for devices such as mice, joysticks, keyboards, as well as sometimes providing support for simple buttons and indicators on other types of devices. It is designed to provide a low latency link, with low power requirements. PlayStation 3 controllers and Wii remotes also use Bluetooth HID.

Bluetooth HID is a lightweight wrapper of the human interface device protocol defined for USB. The use of the HID protocol simplifies host implementation (ex: support by operating systems) by enabling the re-use of some of the existing support for USB HID to also support Bluetooth HID.

Keyboard and keypads must be secure. For other HIDs security is optional.[4]

Headset Profile (HSP)[edit]

This is the most commonly used profile, providing support for the popular Bluetooth headsets to be used with mobile phones. It relies on SCO for audio encoded in 64 kbit/s CVSD or PCM and a subset of AT commands from GSM 07.07 for minimal controls including the ability to ring, answer a call, hang up and adjust the volume.

Intercom Profile (ICP)[edit]

This is often referred to as the walkie-talkie profile. It is another TCS (Telephone Control protocol Specification)[5] based profile, relying on SCO to carry the audio. It is proposed to allow voice calls between two Bluetooth capable handsets, over Bluetooth.

LAN Access Profile (LAP)[edit]

LAN Access profile makes it possible for a Bluetooth device to access LAN, WAN or Internet via another device that has a physical connection to the network. It uses PPP over RFCOMM to establish connections. LAP also allows the device to join an ad-hoc Bluetooth network.

The LAN Access Profile has been replaced by the PAN profile in the Bluetooth specification.

Message Access Profile (MAP)[edit]

Message Access Profile (MAP)[6] specification allows exchange of messages between devices. Mostly used for automotive handsfree use. The MAP profile can also be used for other uses that require the exchange of messages between two devices. The automotive Hands-Free use case is where an on-board terminal device (typically an electronic device as a Car-Kit installed in the car) can talk via messaging capability to another communication device (typically a mobile phone). For example, Bluetooth MAP is used by HP Send and receive text (SMS) messages from a Palm/HP smartphone to an HP TouchPad tablet.[7] Bluetooth MAP is used by Ford in select SYNC Generation 1-equipped 2011 and 2012 vehicles [8] and also by BMW with many of their iDrive systems. The Lexus LX and GS 2013 models both also support MAP as does the Honda CRV 2012, Acura 2013 and ILX 2013. Apple introduced Bluetooth MAP in iOS 6 for the iPhone and iPad. Android support was introduced in version 4.4 (KitKat).[9]

OBject EXchange (OBEX)[edit]

Main article: OBEX

Object Push Profile (OPP)[edit]

A basic profile for sending "objects" such as pictures, virtual business cards, or appointment details. It is called push because the transfers are always instigated by the sender (client), not the receiver (server).

OPP uses the APIs of OBEX profile and the OBEX operations which are used in OPP are connect, disconnect, put, get and abort. By using these API the OPP layer will reside over OBEX and hence follow the specifications of the Bluetooth stack.

Personal Area Networking Profile (PAN)[edit]

This profile is intended to allow the use of Bluetooth Network Encapsulation Protocol on Layer 3 protocols for transport over a Bluetooth link.

Phone Book Access Profile (PBAP, PBA)[edit]

Phone Book Access (PBA)[10][11] or Phone Book Access Profile (PBAP) is a profile that allows exchange of Phone Book Objects between devices. It is likely to be used between a car kit and a mobile phone to:

  • allow the car kit to display the name of the incoming caller;
  • allow the car kit to download the phone book so the user can initiate a call from the car display.

The profile consists of two roles:

  • PSE - Phone Book Server Equipment for the side delivering phonebook data, like a mobile phone
  • PCE - Phone Book Client Equipment, for the device receiving this data, like a personal navigation device (PND)

Proximity Profile (PXP)[edit]

The Proximity profile (PXP) enables proximity monitoring between two devices.

Serial Port Profile (SPP)[edit]

This profile is based on ETSI 07.10 and the RFCOMM protocol. It emulates a serial cable to provide a simple substitute for existing RS-232, including the familiar control signals. It is the basis for DUN, FAX, HSP and AVRCP.SPP maximum payload capacity is 128 bytes.

Service Discovery Application Profile (SDAP)[edit]

SDAP describes how an application should use SDAP to discover services on a remote device. SDAP requires that any application be able to find out what services are available on any Bluetooth enabled device it connects to.

SIM Access Profile (SAP, SIM, rSAP)[edit]

This profile allows devices such as car phones with built-in GSM transceivers to connect to a SIM card in a Bluetooth enabled phone, thus the car phone itself doesn't require a separate SIM card. This profile is sometimes referred to as rSAP (remote-SIM-Access-Profile), though that name does not appear in the profile specification published by the Bluetooth SIG. Information on phones that support SAP can be found below:

Currently the following cars by design can work with SIM-Access-Profile:

Manufacturer Model
Audi A4 (since Typ 8K), A5, A6, A7, A8, Q3, Q5, Q7 since Production week 34/2006: Bluetooth-Autotelephone
Bentley Continental GT, GTC
BMW Snap-In SAP Adapter available for 1series, 3series, 7series (since 09/08), 5series, 6series (since 11/08), Z4 (since 02/09), X5, X6 (since 10/09)
Citroën Citroën C5, Citroën C6, (known for actual models)
Ferrari 599 GTB
Lancia Lancia Delta
Mercedes-Benz all models with Comfort Phone and SAP adapter (V1 to V4)
Opel Astra J, Insignia, Meriva B, Zafira Tourer, Opel Ampera
Porsche all models from ModelYear 2008 thru Porsche Communication Management (PCM) with Telephone module
SEAT all models with Bluetooth hands free PREMIUM
Škoda all models with Bluetooth hands free PREMIUM (excluding Yeti until model change in 2012)
Volkswagen all models with Bluetooth hands free PREMIUM; from ModelYear 2011 this module in those cars have additional HFP protocol, this give the option to support mobiles with SAP functionality - minimal functionality only use of Car Speaker and Microphone .

Many manufacturers of GSM based mobile phones offer support for SAP/rSAP. It is supported by the Android, Maemo, and MeeGo phone OSs. Neither Apple's iOS nor Microsoft's Windows Phone support rSAP; both use PBAP for Bluetooth cellphone-automobile integration.

Windows Mobile 5.x / 6.x
Manufacturer Models based on Windows Mobile 5.x / 6.x
Garmin-Asus
  • nüvifone M10
HTC
  • All WM models
Mitac
  • Mio A701
Samsung
  • GT-B7610, GT-B7620, GT-B7350 (OMNIA 735)
  • SGH-i900
Sony Ericsson
T-Mobile
  • Ameo, MDA Mail, MDA Pro, MDA touch, MDA touch plus, MDA Compact V, MDA Compact II, MDA Vario V, MDA Vario IV, MDA Vario III, MDA Vario II and I (only with newest Firmware)
O2
  • XDA Trion, XDA Nova, XDA Orbit (works with Windows Mobile 6.1 also in VW Passat B6)
Vodafone
  • VPA III compact
Windows Phone 7.x / 8.x
Manufacturer Models based on Windows Phone 7.x / 8.x
HTC

Officially lack of support

Nokia

Officially lack of support

Samsung

Officially lack of support

Apple iOS
Manufacturer Models based on Apple iOS
Apple

Officially lack of support

BlackBerry OS
Manufacturer Models based on BlackBerry OS
BlackBerry
  • Bold 9000, Bold 9700, Bold 9780, Bold 9900, Bold 9930
  • Curve 8900, Curve 8520, Curve 9360, Curve 9380
  • Storm 9500, Storm 9520
  • Torch 9800, Torch 9810, Torch 9860
  • Z10, Z30, Q5, Q10 (only with OS 10.2 and later)
Android
Manufacturer Models based on Android
Alcatel
  • OT 918D
HTC
  • Officially lack of support, but in few models there is a possibility to add this option.[12]
LG
Samsung
Symbian
Manufacturer Models based on Symbian Belle / Nokia Belle
Nokia
  • Symbian Belle based models: Nokia 603, 700, 701, 808
  • Symbian Anna based models with official update to Symbian Belle: Nokia E6-00, E7-00, N8-00, C6-01, C7-00, X7-00
  • Older Symbian devices - Communicator-Series: Nokia 9300i, 9500, E90
Older and other systems
Manufacturer Feature phones and legacy smartphones
BenQ-Siemens
  • C81, CX75
  • E71, EL71
  • M75, M81
  • S65, S68, S75, SK65, SL75, SP65
LG
  • BL20, BL40
  • GD510, GD880
  • HB620t
  • KB770, Arena (Full list on request form Manufacturer - 27. April 2010)
Nokia
  • 2323 Classic, 2330, 2600 Classic, 2630, 2660, 2680 slide, 2700 Classic, 2760
  • 3109 Classic, 3110 Classic, 3250, 3250 Xpress Music, 3500 Classic, 3600 Slide, 3710 fold, 3720 Classic
  • 5200, 5230, 5300, 5310/5320/5330/5530/5630/5730, 5500, 5610 Xpress Music, 5700 Xpress Music, 5800 Xpress Music
  • 6021, 6085, 6086, 6103, 6110 Navigator, 6111, 6112, 6120 Classic, 6121 Classic, 6125, 6131, 6151, 6210 Navigator, 6220 classic, 6124 classic, 6230, 6230i, 6233, 6234, 6260 Slide, 6267, 6270, 6280, 6288, 6290, 6300, 6300i, 6303, 6303i, 6303i classic 6301, 6500 Classic, 6500 Slide, 6555, 6600 fold, 6600 slide, 6600i slide, 6650 Fold, 6700 Classic, 6710 Navigator, 6720 Classic, 6730 Classic, 6760 Slide, 6810, 6820, 6822
  • 7020, 7210 Supernova, 7230, 7280, 7330, 7370, 7373, 7390, 7500 Prism, 7510 Supernova, 7610 Supernova, 7900 Prism
  • 8600 Luna, 8800, 8800 Arte, 8800 Sapphire Arte, 8800 Carbon Arte, 8800 Sirocco, Communicator
  • 9300, Communicator 9300i, Communicator 9500 (ab Software 5.22)
  • C1-01, C2-01, C5
  • E50, E51, E52, E55, E60, E61, E61i, E63, E65, E66, E70, E71, E72, E75, E90
  • N71, N72, N73, N76, N77, N78, N79, N80, N800, N81, N82, N83, N85, N86, N810, N91, N92, N93, N93i, N95, N95 8GB, N96, N97, N97 mini
  • X2, X6
Palm
Samsung

based on Symbian OS:

  • GT-I7110 Pilot, GT-I8510 innov8, GT-I8910 OmniaHD, SGH-G810, SGH-i550, SGH-i560

based on Bada OS:

  • GT-S5250 (Wave 525), GT-S5330 (Wave 533), GT-S5780 (Wave 578), GT-S7230 (Wave 723), GT-S7250 (Wave M), GT-S5380 (Wave Y), GT-S8500 (Wave, with limitations[14]), GT-S8530 (Wave II), GT-S8600 (Wave 3)

based on special/dedicated Systems:

  • GT-B2100, GT-B2710, GT-B3410, GT-C3780, GT-E1130, GT-E1310, GT-E2100, GT-E2370, GT-I6410, GT-I8320,
  • GT-M3200, GT-M3510, GT-M7500, GT-M7600, GT-M8800, GT-M8910
  • GT-S3100, GT-S3600, GT-S3650, GT-S5230, GT-S5260, GT-S5510, GT-S5600, GT-S5620, GT-S7220, GT-S7330, GT-S7350, GT-S8000, GT-S8300, GT-S9110
  • SGH-D900, SGH-E250
  • SGH-F110, SGH-F330, SGH-F400, SGH-F480, SGH-F490, SGH-F500, SGH-F700
  • SGH-G400, SGH-G600, SGH-G800, SGH-J150, SGH-J700
  • SGH-L170, SGH-L760, SGH-L810, SGH-M150, SGH-M200
  • SGH-U700, SGH-U800, SGH-U900

Synchronization Profile (SYNCH)[edit]

This profile allows synchronization of Personal Information Manager (PIM) items. As this profile originated as part of the infrared specifications but has been adopted by the Bluetooth SIG to form part of the main Bluetooth specification, it is also commonly referred to as IrMC Synchronization.

Synchronisation Mark-up Language Profile (SyncML)[edit]

For Bluetooth, Synchronization is one of the most important areas. The Bluetooth specifications up to, and including 1.1, has Synchronization Profile that is based on IrMC. Later, many of the companies in the Bluetooth SIG already had proprietary synchronization solutions and they did not want to implement IrMC -based synchronization also, hence SyncML emerged. SyncML is an open industry initiative for common data synchronization protocol. The SyncML protocol has been developed by some of the leading companies in their sectors, Lotus, Motorola, Ericsson, Matsushita Communication Industrial Co., Nokia, IBM, Palm Inc., Psion and Starfish Software; together with over 600 SyncML Supporter companies. SyncML is a synchronization protocol that can be used by devices to communicate the changes that have taken place in the data that is stored within them. However, SyncML is capable of delivering more than just basic synchronization; it is extensible, providing powerful commands to allow searching and execution.

Video Distribution Profile (VDP)[edit]

This profile allows the transport of a video stream. It could be used for streaming a recorded video from a PC media center to a portable player, or a live video from a digital video camera to a TV. Support for the H.263 baseline is mandatory. The MPEG-4 Visual Simple Profile, and H.263 profiles 3 and 8 are optionally supported, and covered in the specification.1

Wireless Application Protocol Bearer (WAPB)[edit]

This is a profile for carrying Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) over Point-to-Point Protocol over Bluetooth.

Future profiles[edit]

These profiles are still not finalised, but are currently proposed within the Bluetooth SIG:

  • Unrestricted digital information (UDI)
  • Extended service discovery profile (ESDP)[15]
  • Video conferencing profile (VCP): This profile is to be compatible with 3G-324M, and support videoconferencing over a 3G high-speed connection.

Compatibility of products with profiles can be verified on the Bluetooth Qualification Program website.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]