Bluff City, Tennessee

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This article is about the city named Bluff City. For Memphis, nicknamed "the Bluff City", see Memphis.
Bluff City, Tennessee
City
Location of Bluff City, Tennessee
Location of Bluff City, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°27′48″N 82°16′30″W / 36.46333°N 82.27500°W / 36.46333; -82.27500
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Sullivan
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 1,450 ft (442 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 1,733
 • Density 1,155.3/sq mi (444.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37618
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-06960[2]
GNIS feature ID 1305320[3]

Bluff City is a city in Sullivan County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,733 at the 2010 census. It is part of the KingsportBristol (TN)Bristol (VA) Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

History[edit]

Bluff City underwent several name changes before incorporating on July 1, 1887 under its present name. The town was originally known as Choate’s Ford, and later took the name Middletown. After the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia Railroad was built, crossing the Holston River at the town site, the name Union was adopted. During the Civil War it was called Zollicoffer after Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer, but became Union again at the end of the war and until 1887.[4]

Geography[edit]

Bluff City is located at 36°27′48″N 82°16′30″W / 36.46333°N 82.27500°W / 36.46333; -82.27500 (36.463352, -82.275049).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (3.21%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 662
1900 548 −17.2%
1910 540 −1.5%
1920 524 −3.0%
1930 671 28.1%
1940 700 4.3%
1950 1,074 53.4%
1960 948 −11.7%
1970 985 3.9%
1980 1,121 13.8%
1990 1,390 24.0%
2000 1,559 12.2%
2010 1,733 11.2%
Est. 2012 1,747 0.8%
Sources:[6][7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,559 people, 662 households, and 450 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,029.2 people per square mile (398.6/km²). There were 728 housing units at an average density of 480.6 per square mile (186.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.52% White, 0.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.58% Asian, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 662 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,587, and the median income for a family was $36,938. Males had a median income of $26,422 versus $19,957 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,175. About 11.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bluff City has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[8]

Police department[edit]

The town has a police department.[9] On 1 January 2010 the department installed a speed camera on US Highway 11E that reportedly issued 1,662 tickets in its first six months. The town splits the revenue with the operator of the camera.[10] In 2014, the town expected to gain less than $100,000 from the cameras.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties, State of Tennessee official website, 14 July 2011. Retrieved: 6 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Sullivan County, The Goodspeed Publishing Co., History of Tennessee (1887)
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Climate Summary for Bluff City, Tennessee
  9. ^ Poice arrest Bluff City man at BMA meeting; by Nick Shepherd. 11 October 2014, Times-News
  10. ^ Revenge against the speed cameras: U.S. man buys police department's website - and uses it to campaign against CCTV; 9 October 2010, The Daily Mail
  11. ^ Bluff City's tax revenues down, expenses up ; by James Shea, 9 January 2014, Bristol Courier

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°27′48″N 82°16′30″W / 36.463352°N 82.275049°W / 36.463352; -82.275049