|Founded by||Orthodox Jews|
|Name meaning||Sons of Atzmon|
Bnei Atzmon (Hebrew: בְּנֵי עַצְמוֹן) was an Israeli settlement founded in 1979 in the Yamit region of the Sinai peninsula as a response to Camp David Accords, which promoted trading territory for peace. Relocated to the Gaza Strip in 1982, it was destroyed in 2005 by the Israeli government.
In 1982, the settlement was relocated to the Gush Katif region of the Gaza Strip about three kilometres north of Rafah after the signing of the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty and the subsequent eviction of all Jews living in Sinai and surrender of all land there. The settlement in Sinai was originally named Atzmona, but since that location was evacuated and Israeli law forbids renaming a new location with that of a previously existing legal entity, Bnei Atzmon (Sons of Atzmon - named after the Biblical border point of Israel (Numbers 34:4-5)) became the officially registered name. Nonetheless, the name Atzmona was more widely known. The Orthodox Jewish moshav was associated with the Amana settlement organization.
The Regional Talmud Torah School for nearby children was located in Bnei Atzmon, as well as the prestigious pre-army service preparatory school, Otzem, with 150 students under the leadership of the Rabbi Rafi Peretz. On the settlement was a branch of the Ariel youth organization.
Several local industries provided employment for residents areas including the "Atzmona nursery" for house plants, which was the second largest in Israel and a factory producing cleaning materials.
It was home to about 90 families, including just under 600 people, at the time of its destruction as a result of Israel's unilateral disengagement plan on August 17, 2005. While some form of opposition had been expected from residents in this nationalistic settlement, the actual expulsion was carried out without active or even passive resistance. The pre-army preparatory program was also pulled without resistance, with the participation of several senior army officers who had been invited especially for this "pull-out."
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