Boa Esperança, Minas Gerais

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Good Hope
Boa Esperança
Flag of Boa Esperança
Flag
Coat of arms of Boa Esperança
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Furnas City
Motto: Uma cidade de todos
(A City for All)
The location of Boa Esperança as shown within the map of the State of Minas Gerais
Location of Boa Esperança within the State of Minas Gerais
The location of Boa Esperança as shown within the map of Brazil
The location of Boa Esperança as shown within the map of Brazil
Good Hope
Location of Boa Esperança within Brazil
Coordinates: 21°05′24″S 45°33′57″W / 21.09000°S 45.56583°W / -21.09000; -45.56583Coordinates: 21°05′24″S 45°33′57″W / 21.09000°S 45.56583°W / -21.09000; -45.56583
Country Brazil
State Minas Gerais
Mesoregion South and southeast of Minas
Microregion Varginha
Government
 • Mayor Antonio Carlos Vilela
(2013–2016) (PT)
Area
 • Total 860.669 km2 (332.306 sq mi)
Elevation 775 m (2,543 ft)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 38,509
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Demonym Esperansense, Dorense
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
Website link

Boa Esperança is a Brazilian municipality from the state of Minas Gerais. It is located at a latitude 21º05'24" south and at a longitude 45º33'57" west, being at an altitude of 775 meters. According to the census conducted by IBGE in 2010, its population is 38.509 inhabitants.[1] is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. The population in 2010 was 38,509 and the area is 860.669 square kilometres (332.306 sq mi).[1][2] The elevation is 775 metres (2,543 ft). The economy of Boa Esperança is based on coffee plantations and tourism. It is in this municipality Serra da Boa Esperança is found, which became celebrated through song that brings its name, compounded by Lamartine Babo and performed by several singers. Across its territory passes Rio Grande, important to th development of the region.

History[edit]

The municipality of Boa Esperança (English: Good Hope) came up with gold rush of the late 19th century. The first settlement was established in 1778, and in 1804 it was called 'Dores do Pântano (English: Pain Swamp). In 1814 started the construction of the Church, and at that time arose the first coffee plantations, which marked a phase of wealth and progress for the parish. In 1866 the parish was elevated by provincial law to the status of village. On 15 November 1868 the seat of local government was built and the village was elevated by Provincial Law No. 1611 to the status of municipality. In 1957–1958, with the construction of the Furnas Dam and subsequelntly of the Furnas Lake, the town began to grow throughout tourism.

Geography, climate, and environment[edit]

Boa Esperança is located in the southern-tropical part of Brazil, at 21 degrees, 5 minutes, 24 second south, and 45 degrees, 33 minutes, 57 seconds west, at an altitude of 775 metres (2,543 ft), in the internal part of the State of Minas Gerais. It covers an area of 860.669 square kilometres (332.306 sq mi).[2]

Climate

Situated on the southern outskirts of the tropical zone and, under the influence of the high elevation of the region, the climate type is tropical mesothermal with an average annual rainfall of about 1,500 millimetres (59 in). The annual temperature is 19 °C (66 °F). Summer and spring are the hottest seasons with a maximum daily temperature ranging from 25 to 29 °C (77 to 84 °F). November, December, and January are the warmest months reaching 36–37 °C (97–99 °F) and with a minimum temperature of 9–10 °C (48–50 °F).

Rivers

Grande River, Paraná River, and some of their tributaries receive water by the Furnas Dam, which surrounds the city.

Fauna

Boa Esperança is home to several species of birds such as darter, heron, Roadside Hawk, moorhen, lapwing, Jabir, kingfisher, and grassquit.

Among the mammals in the area there are capybara, brocket deer, monkey, fox, otter, paca, agouti, megabat, skunk, and others. Some of these species may have migrated from other areas.

Flora

In this area there are forests and araucarias rich in vegetation, including mimosa, cedrus, cinnamomum, sassafras, manilkara bidentata, morus, Hymenaea courbaril, copaiba, Swietenia macrophylla, and Balfourodendron riedelianum. In riparian forests there are croton, inga, and pine. Scattered trees, shrubs and sub-shrubs present Annona crassiflora, Stryphnodendron adstringens, Stenocalyx dysentericus, Tabebuia ochracea, Kielmeyera coriacea.

Demography[edit]

Its population in 2010 was 38,509 inhabitants.[1]

Government and politics[edit]

Economy[edit]

Boa Esperança is asn agro-pastoral Municipality. It produces grain, rice, garlic, potato, bean, maize, sugarcane, cassava, soybean, tomato, several species of fruit, and coffee. Coffee is the main product and it has a good level of production. It is consumed domestically and exported to other countries. Livestock, domestic pig, and poultry are some of the oldest economic activities in the area. Trade, the "royalties" paid by Furnas Central Electric, and tourism are among the main activities of the tertiary sector.

Transport[edit]

  • BR-369 highway
  • MG-167

Education[edit]

Health[edit]

Culture[edit]

Sports[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]