Boac, Marinduque

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Boac
Municipality
Tricycle In Boac.JPG
Official seal of Boac
Seal
Nickname(s): Heartsland Center; The Capital Town
Motto: Service to God and People
Map of Marinduque showing the location of Boac
Map of Marinduque showing the location of Boac
Boac is located in Philippines
Boac
Boac
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°27′N 121°50′E / 13.450°N 121.833°E / 13.450; 121.833Coordinates: 13°27′N 121°50′E / 13.450°N 121.833°E / 13.450; 121.833
Country Philippines
Region MIMAROPA
Province Marinduque
District Lone district of Marinduque
Founded 1579
Barangays 61
Government
 • Mayor Roberto Madla (NUP)
 • Vice Mayor Dante Marquez (Liberal)
 • Sangguniang Bayan
Area[1]
 • Total 212.70 km2 (82.12 sq mi)
Elevation 45 m (148 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 52,892
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Demonym Boakeño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4900
Dialing code 42
Income class 1st class; partially urban
Website www.boac.gov.ph
Boac River in Barangay Tumapon

Boac is a first-class municipality in the province of Marinduque, Philippines. It is the provincial capital, and has a population of 52,892 people according to the 2010 census.[2]

Boac is home to most of the province's commercial businesses.[citation needed] Barangays San Miguel, Murallon, and Mercado are the town's Business District wherein the public market, medium-rise buildings, sports arena and Boac Town Arena, now Moriones Arena are located. Meanwhile, Barangay Isok is home to the town's Education District. Marinduque National High School, St. Mary's College of Marinduque, Don Luis Hidalgo Memorial School, Barangay Day Care Centers, Boac North District Office and the Division of Marinduque DepED Office is situated here in Barangay Isok. The Municipal Building Hall is at Brgy. Tampus, adjacent is the Marinduque Museum at Brgy. Malusak.

The Marinduque Provincial Capitol is located in Barangay Santol near the Dr. Damian Reyes Memorial Hospital (formerly Marinduque Provincial Hospital) and Camp Maximo Abad.[citation needed]

Barangays[edit]

Boac is politically subdivided into 61 administrative divisions called barangays:[1]

  • Agot
  • Agumaymayan
  • Amoingon
  • Apitong
  • Balagasan
  • Balaring
  • Balimbing
  • Balogo
  • Bangbangalon
  • Bamban
  • Bantad
  • Bantay
  • Bayuti
  • Binunga
  • Boi
  • Boton
  • Buliasnin
  • Bunganay
  • Maligaya
  • Caganhao
  • Can-at
  • Catubugan (Sitio Dangan)
  • Cawit
  • Daig (Sitio Maygayo)
  • Daypay
  • Duyay
  • Ihatub
  • Isok I (Pob.)
  • Isok II (Kalamias)
  • Hinapulan (largest barangay in area with 20.48 sq.km.)
  • Laylay (most populous barangay with 2,467 inhabitants/ the site of first landing in the province)
  • Lupac
  • Mahinhin
  • Mainit
  • Malbog
  • Malusak (Pob.)
  • Mansiwat
  • Mataas Na Bayan (Pob. - densely populated barangay with 7675 people per sq.km./ the seat of the Diocese of Boac)
  • Maybo
  • Mercado (Pob.)
  • Murallon (Pob.)
  • Ogbac
  • Pawa
  • Pili
  • Poctoy
  • Poras
  • Puting Buhangin
  • Puyog
  • Sabong
  • San Miguel (Pob.)
  • Santol
  • Sawi
  • Tabi
  • Tabigue
  • Tagwak
  • Tambunan
  • Tampus (Pob.) (the seat of municipal government of Boac)
  • Tanza
  • Tugos
  • Tumagabok (least populated barangay of 20 people per sq. km.)
  • Tumapon (least populated with 129 inhabitants)

History[edit]

The name Boac is derived from the Visayan word boak, which means "divided". The town had been divided into two areas by a river running from the Eastern hinterland to the Western plains down to the sea. The two areas were the Northern Area and the Southern Area.[3]

Other records says that Boac came from the word "bulwak", which characterizes the tide caused by the rapids of the Boac River to its mouth in Brgy. Lupac and to the banks around the riverside barrios.

The first “visita” was established in 1580 and it was called “Monserrat de Marinduque” (now Boac) with Fray Alonzo Banol as its minister. In 1621, the Spanish Jesuit missionaries brought the 3-foot Marian image to Boac. So began the people's devotion to the image of the Virgin Mary.

In the mid-seventeenth century, a group of Muslims within the Philippines called the Moro people felt threatened by the actions of the ruling Spanish government. So, they challenged the government by launching attacks on coastal Christian towns. This resulted in a raid along the shores of Barangay Laylay, near the Boac River.[4]

During the siege, the neighbourhood people fled in panic and took refuge inside the fortress church of Boac, which is now called Immaculate Conception Cathedral. In the meantime, all able-bodied men defended the outer walls of the church fortress against the attacks. Many Christians were killed and, by the third day of violence, those still alive began to run short on food. The capture of the fortress seemed imminent.

The survivors began to pray fervently at the throne of Mary, asking her to deliver them from their enemies. Legend says that suddenly there came a very strong storm, with torrential rain fall, thunder and lightning. At the very height of the storm, it is reported that the image of a beautiful lady with outstretched arms appeared standing on the top of the wall. Terror seized the Moros and they fled in confusion to their vinta boats. Thus, the Christians were saved from death by Mary.[4]

Ever since this incident, the image of Mary has been honoured and given the title “Biglang Awa.” In order to commemorate the miracle, a stone niche was built on the wall at the very spot where Mary appeared. The old image brought by the Jesuits in Boac was placed there. There is still a shrine at this location today.

Former Governor Carmencita Ongsiako Reyes built a larger-than-life-size image of the Virgin Mary in cement and placed in the seashore in Balanacan Port to welcome travellers to the island.[4]

On May 10, 2008, the Diocese of Boac celebrated the thirtieth anniversary and the golden anniversary of the canonical coronation of Mahal na Birhen ng Biglang-Awa (1958–2008). Cardinal Ricardo Vidal of Mogpog, Marinduque, officiated at the consecrated mass.

In 1942, Boac was occupied by Japanese troops. In 1945, the Battle of Marinduque began and the American - Philippine Commonwealth troops landed in Boac.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Boac
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 41,034 —    
1995 44,609 +1.58%
2000 48,504 +1.81%
2007 50,823 +0.65%
2010 52,892 +1.46%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][5]

Religion[edit]

  • The Roman Catholic Church (Boac Cathedral (Pob.))
  • Iglesia ni Cristo (Pob., Brgy. Caganhao)
  • Assemblies of God (Brgy. Tampus (Pob.), Brgy. Duyay, Brgy. Puyog)
  • IRM Church (Pob.)
  • Jesus the Lord of Lords Church (Brgy. Cawit)
  • Boac UNIDA Church (Pob.)
  • Boac Gospel Church (Pob.)
  • Baptist Churches

Economy[edit]

Situated in the centre of town, the Boac Public Market is one of the Boac's landmarks. Vendors sell both dry and wet products in four air conditioned buildings. Transport terminals located near the market carry goods to different barangays. It is considered to be the mini-supermarket of the province.

The poblacion area is called as Boac Central Business District or BCBD.

The newly-constructed 2-floor Town Market with about 100 stores is situated in the heart of the poblacion.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Kabugsakan Falls in Brgy. Tugos
  • Tahanan sa Isok in Brgy. Isok
  • Villa Aplaya Beach Resort in Brgy. Ihatub
  • Long beach shores from Maligaya to Cawit, mostly free
  • Boac Town Plaza, located in Brgy. San Miguel, is where most major gatherings and festivals are held.
  • The Boac Museum, located beside the Boac Town Plaza and Rizal Park, is home to a collection of facts and information about the Island.
  • The Boac Cathedral is Marinduque's central cathedral. Located in Brgy. Mataas na Bayan, it is a historical church where the Katipunan Flag is said to have been baptized. Our Lady of Immaculate Conception is the patron saint of Boac, while Birhen ng Biglang-Awa is the patron saint of the province.
  • Located in Brgy. San Miguel, the Boac Town Arena is where the famous senakulo (a part of the celebration of Moriones Festival) is held.
  • Casa Real is a small museum, situated in the former site of Rizal Park in Brgy. San Miguel.
  • Freedom Park in Bunganay, Boac is the main eco-tourism theme park in the municipality with team building activities, zipline etc.
  • Laylay Port- a historical landmark in the municipality where the Japanese and American troops landed. It was once a commercial port where goods and products from other places are embarked.

Hotels/ Resorts[edit]

  • Tahanan sa Isok- Poblacion
  • Eastpoint Hotel- Brgy. Balaring
  • Abby's Place Hotel- Poblacion
  • The Boac Hotel- Poblacion
  • Seaview Hotel- Brgy. Cawit
  • Chateau du Mer- Brgy. Amoingon
  • Lucky Seven Pension House- Poblacion
  • Happy Bunny's Pension House- Poblacion


Events[edit]

  • The Annual Moriones Festival is held in Boac and surrounding areas of Marinduque Island during the Lenten season. This holy celebration is famed as one of the most colorful festivities in Marinduque and the Philippines.
  • The Feast of the Immaculate Conception is celebrated every December 8.
  • The Annual Bila- Bila (Butterfly) Festival held on the Fest of the Immaculate Concepcion. The festival is composed of a festive competition between zones (purok) which includes the Poblacion, Riverside, Ilaya I, Ilaya II, and Seaside Zones. In fact, the municipal government of the capital town of Boac has even enshrined the butterfly in a municipal ordinance entitled “Tree Farming and Butterfly Propagation Ordinance of 2002.”
  • Bulating Festival- In Brgy. Malbog of Boac, a similar practice to Quezon's Boling-boling Festival is said to have been started by one family in earlier years was revived in 2001, as part of the municipality’s tourism program. Called “Bulating” the practice is said to be an act of humility before God and/or another form of thanksgiving.

Transportation[edit]

Laylay Port
  • Bus - linking Kamias in Quezon City and Makati City to Boac via RO-RO ferry.
  • Jeepneys - connecting to different municipalities of the county.
  • Tricycle - serving all barangays.

Biglang-Awa Bridge is the longest bridge in the province, connecting Brgy. Tampus to Brgy. Bantad. Many people stand on the bridge to watch the sun set and to get a good view of the Boac Cathedral.

Educational institutions[edit]

Tertiary[edit]

  • Educational Systems Technological Institute - Murallon
  • Marinduque State College - Main Campus (Tanza) also formerly known as Marinduque Institute of Science and Technology and Marinduque School of Arts and Trades
  • St. Mary's College of Marinduque - (Ermita, Isok) also formerly known as Immaculate Conception College of Marinduque and Immaculate Conception Academy of Marinduque

Secondary[edit]

  • Marinduque State College - Main Campus (Tanza) also formerly known as Marinduque Institute of Science and Technology and Marinduque School of Arts and Trades. It has revived its highschool campus on 2012 and had known as MSC Laboratory High School.
  • Cawit National Comprehensive High School
  • Education Systems Technological Institute - High School Department
  • Ilaya National High School
  • Marinduque National High School - the main school in Marinduque province. This institution once was used as a camp for Spainards, Japanese, American, and Filipino armies during World War II.
  • Immaculate conception College of Marinduque - High School Department

Primary[edit]

  • Agot Elementary School
  • Agumaymayan Elementary School
  • Amoingon Elementary School
  • Balagasan Elementary School
  • Balaring-Caganhao Elementary School
  • Balimbing Elementary School
  • Bamban Elementary School
  • Bangbangalon Elementary School
  • Bantauyan Public School
  • Bantay Elementary School
  • Binunga Elementary School
  • Boac South Elementary School
  • Boi Public School
  • Buliasnin Elementary School
  • Buliasnin Elementary School
  • Canat Elementary School
  • Catubugan Elementary School
  • Cawit Elementary School
  • Don Luis Hidalgo Memorial School, also known as Boac North Central School I & II- it is the premiere elementary in the municipality. Situated in the poblacion area and has about 1,500 students. It offers Science Curriculum for the grade school, and operates a Montesorri school and HeadStart schhol program for nursey and kindergarten.
  • Don Severino Lardizabal Memorial School
  • Duyay Elementary School
  • ESTI - Grade school department
  • Hinapulan Elementary School
  • Lord of Lords Christian School (Brgy. Cawit)
  • Lupac-Tabigue Elementary School
  • Mahinhin Elementary School
  • Mainit Elementary School
  • Maligaya Elementary School
  • Mansiwat Public School
  • Maybo Elementary School
  • Pawa Elementary School
  • Pili Elementary School
  • Poctoy Elementary School
  • Poras Elementary School
  • Puting Buhangin Public School
  • Puyog Elementary School
  • Sawi Elementary School
  • St. Mary's College of Marinduque - Grade school department
  • Tambunan Elementary School
  • Tanza Elementary School
  • Tugos Elementary School
  • Tumagabok Elementary School

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Province: MARINDUQUE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  3. ^ "LGU Profile". Municipality of Boac. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c showbizandstyle.inquirer.net, Biglang Awa of Boac marks golden jubilee
  5. ^ "Province of Marinduque". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 

External links[edit]