Boar spear

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Boar spear head, c. 1430, length 42 centimeters (17 in).

A boar spear is a spear used for boar hunting. It is relatively short and heavy and has two "lugs" or "wings" on the spearsocket behind the blade, which act as a barrier to prevent an injured and furious boar from working its way up the shaft of the spear to attack the hunter.

The boar spear also became popular as a weapon of war, since the lugs can also be used to hook shields out of the way during combat, as well as preventing a spear thrust from going too far into a victim (particularly a charging horse), thus making it easier to quickly withdraw, and less likely to break. Boar spears remained in use as weapons until the early Middle Ages.[dubious ] In the 15th century, a variant with a longer shaft[specify] called a chiavarina was in use as a weapon of war.

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