Bob Beamon

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Robert "Bob" Beamon
1992 Bob Beamon.JPG
Robert "Bob" Beamon, 1992
Personal information
Nationality United States
Born (1946-08-29) August 29, 1946 (age 67)
South Jamaica, Queens, New York
Sport
Sport Track and field
Event(s) Long jump
College team UTEP Miners
Updated on 6 August 2012.

Robert "Bob" Beamon (born August 29, 1946) is an American former track and field athlete, best known for his world record in the long jump at the Mexico Olympics in 1968, which remained the world record for 22 years, 316 days until it was broken in 1991 by Mike Powell. This is the second longest holding of this record, as Jesse Owens held the record for 25 years, 1935–1960.

Early life[edit]

Robert "Bob" Beamon was born in South Jamaica, Queens, New York. He was raised by his grandmother, who told him about his mother who died at 25 from tuberculosis, when Beamon was only 8 months old. He later found out that his mother was physically abused by his father. He was sent to his grandmother's because his father threatened to kill Beamon if his mother took him home.

When he was attending Jamaica High School he was discovered by Larry Ellis, a renowned track coach. Beamon later became part of the All-American track and field team.[vague] In 1965, he ranked second in the long jump in the United States, and received a track and field scholarship to the University of Texas at El Paso.[1]

Beamon was suspended from the University of Texas at El Paso, for refusing to compete against Brigham Young University, alleging it had racist policies. This left him without a coach, and fellow Olympian Ralph Boston began to coach him unofficially.[2]

1968 Summer Olympics[edit]

Beamon entered the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City as the favorite, having won 22 of the 23 meets he had competed in that year, including a career best of 8.33 m (equivalent to 27 ft. 4 in.) and a world's best of 8.39 m (27 ft. 6 1/2 in.) that was ineligible for the record books due to excessive wind assistance. He came close to missing the final, overstepping on his first two attempts in qualifying. With only one chance left, Beamon re-measured his approach run from a spot in front of the board and made a fair jump that advanced him to the final. There he faced the two previous gold-medal winners, American Ralph Boston (1960) and Lynn Davies of Great Britain (1964), and two-time bronze medallist Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of the Soviet Union.[3]

On October 18, Beamon set a world record for the long jump with a first jump of 8.90 m (29 ft. 2 1/2 in.), bettering the existing record by 55 cm (21 3/4 in.). When the announcer called out the distance for the jump, Beamon – unfamiliar with metric measurements – still did not realize what he had done.[4] When his teammate and coach Ralph Boston told him that he had broken the world record by nearly 2 feet, his legs gave way and an astonished and overwhelmed Beamon suffered a brief cataplexy attack brought on by the emotional shock,[5] and collapsed to his knees, his body unable to support itself, placing his hands over his face. In one of the more enduring images of the Games, his competitors then helped him to his feet.[6] The defending Olympic champion Lynn Davies told Beamon, "You have destroyed this event," and in sports jargon, a new adjective – Beamonesque – came into use to describe spectacular feats.[7]

Prior to Beamon’s jump, the world record had been broken thirteen times since 1901, with an average increase of 6 cm (2 1/2 in.) and the largest increase being 15 cm (6 in.). Beamon's world record stood for 23 years until Mike Powell broke it in 1991. One journalist called Beamon "the man who saw lightning."[citation needed] Sports journalist Dick Schaap wrote a book about the leap, The Perfect Jump.

Beamon landed his jump near the far end of the sand pit but the optical device which had been installed to measure jump distances was not designed to measure a jump of such length. This forced the officials to measure the jump manually which added to the jump's aura. Shortly after Beamon's jump a major rainstorm blew through making it more difficult for his competitors to try to match Beamon's feat. None were able to do so. Klaus Beer finished second with a jump of 8.19 m (26 ft. 10.4 in.).

In making his record jump, Beamon enjoyed a number of advantageous environmental factors.[8] At an altitude of 2240 m, Mexico City's air had less resistance than air at sea level, although the rarefied atmosphere in Mexico City would have made a difference of only approximately 4 cm. Beamon also benefited from a tail wind of 2 meters per second on his jump, the maximum allowable for record purposes. It has been estimated that the tail wind and altitude may have improved Beamon's long jump distance by 31 cm (12.2 in.).[8] In addition to Beamon's record, world records were broken in most of the sprinting and jumping events at the 1968 Olympic Games. During the same hour Lee Evans set the world record for 400 metres that lasted for almost 20 years.

After winning the gold medal in Mexico City, he never again jumped over 8.22 m (26 ft. 11 3/4 in.).

Beamon's jump was the only time the world record has been set in Men's Olympic Long Jump competition, though Robert LeGendre did set the record as part of the pentathlon competition in 1924 and women have done it three times (1956, 1964 and 1968).

Beamon's world-record jump was named by Sports Illustrated magazine as one of the five greatest sports moments of the 20th century. His world record was finally broken in 1991 when Mike Powell jumped 8.95 m (29 ft. 4 3/8 in.) at the World Championships in Tokyo, but Beamon's jump is still the Olympic record and 46 years later remains the second longest wind legal jump in history.

Later life[edit]

Shortly after the Mexico City Olympics, Beamon was drafted by the Phoenix Suns basketball team.[9] In 1972 he graduated from Adelphi University with a degree in sociology [10]

Beamon has worked in a variety of roles to promote youth athleticism, including collaborations with former California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and Beamon's work at the athletic programs of several universities. He is the former chief executive of the Art of the Olympians Museum AOTO in Florida.

Honors[edit]

Beamon is in the National Track and Field Hall of Fame, and when the United States Olympic Hall of Fame started to induct athletes in 1983, Beamon was one of the first inductees.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williams, Lena. "TRACK AND FIELD; Soothing an Old Ache", The New York Times, January 1, 2000. Accessed November 7, 2007.
  2. ^ Bob Beamon Biography at thehistorymakers.com
  3. ^ Rob Bagchi (November 23, 2011). "50 stunning Olympic moments No2: Bob Beamon's great leap forward". The Guardian. 
  4. ^ "CCTV International". Cctv.com. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  5. ^ Great Olympic Moments - Sir Steve Redgrave, 2011
  6. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica Article on Bob Beamon". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  7. ^ IOC Athlete Profile, – "His achievement inspired a new word in the English language: Beamonesque, meaning an athletic feat so dramatically superior to previous feats that it overwhelms the imagination."
  8. ^ a b Ward -Smith, A.J., (1986) Altitude and wind effects on long jump performance with particular reference to the world record established by Bob Beamon. Journal of Sports Science, 4, 89-99
  9. ^ Draft Oddities, nba.com
  10. ^ a b "The HistoryMakers". The HistoryMakers. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Beamon, Bob, and Milana Walter Beamon. (1999). The Man Who Could Fly: The Bob Beamon Story. Columbus, MS: Genesis Press. ISBN 1-885478-89-5.
  • Schaap, Dick. (1976). The Perfect Jump. New York, NY: New American Library.

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
United States Ralph Boston
Soviet Union Igor Ter-Ovanesyan
Men's Long Jump World Record Holder
October 18, 1968 – August 30, 1991
Succeeded by
United States Mike Powell
Awards
Preceded by
United States Jim Ryun
Track & Field Athlete of the Year
1968
Succeeded by
United States Bill Toomey
Achievements
Preceded by
Soviet Union Igor Ter-Ovanesyan
Men's Long Jump Best Year Performance
1968
Succeeded by
Soviet Union Igor Ter-Ovanesyan
Poland Waldemar Stepian