Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Tim Robbins|
|Produced by||Forrest Murray|
|Written by||Tim Robbins|
|Music by||David Robbins|
|Edited by||Lisa Churgin|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures
PolyGram Filmed Entertainment
|September 4, 1992|
|Box office||$4,479,470 (USA)|
Bob Roberts is a 1992 satirical mockumentary film written, directed by and starring Tim Robbins. It tells the rise of Bob Roberts, a right-wing politician who is a candidate for an upcoming United States Senate election. Roberts is well financed, due mainly to past business dealings, and is well known for his music, which presents conservative ideas with gusto.
The film is Robbins' directorial debut, and is based on a short segment of the same name and featuring the same character that Robbins did for Saturday Night Live on December 13, 1986.
Bob Roberts takes place in Pennsylvania in 1990. It depicts a fictitious senatorial race between a conservative Republican folk singer, Bob Roberts (Tim Robbins), and the incumbent Democrat, Brickley Paiste (Gore Vidal). The film is shot through the perspective of Terry Manchester (Brian Murray), a British documentary filmmaker who is following the Roberts campaign. Through his lens we see Roberts travel across the state, performing songs about drug users, lazy people and the triumph of traditional family values over the rebelliousness of the 1960s. As the campaign continues, Paiste remains in the lead until a scandal arises involving him and a young woman who was seen emerging from a car with him. Paiste claims that she was a friend of his granddaughter who he was driving home, but he cannot shake the accusations.
Throughout the campaign, reporter Bugs Raplin (Giancarlo Esposito) attempts to use the documentary being made about Roberts as a way to expose him to the public as a fraud. Raplin believes that Roberts' anti-drug charity, Broken Dove, is connected to an old Central Intelligence Agency drug trafficking scheme. As the election approaches, Roberts is asked to appear on a network's sketch comedy show. When Roberts announces that he will not be playing the song he had originally proposed, a dispute breaks out between the cast and producers of the show. This new song turns out to be nothing more than a thinly-veiled campaign endorsement, and an angry staff member of the network pulls the plug mid-performance. As Roberts is leaving the studio, he is seemingly shot by a would-be assassin. Raplin, who has been causing problems for the campaign, is initially linked to the shooting, but he is later cleared when it is found that due to constrictive palsy in his right hand he physically could not have fired the gun. Following the incident, Raplin contends that Roberts was never actually shot and that the gun was fired into the ground.
The campaign is boosted by public support following the assassination attempt, and Roberts wins the election with 52 percent of the vote. Although Roberts claims that his wounds have left him paralysed from the waist down, he is seen tapping his feet at a celebration party. While Terry Manchester is interviewing Roberts' supporters outside the new Senator's hotel, a boy runs up shouting, "He's dead, he's dead, they got him!" When Manchester asks him what he is talking about, the boy shouts, "Bugs Raplin! He's dead! They got him!" A joyful celebration breaks out among Roberts' supporters, the shot changes to an image of his hotel room, and an upright walking shadow suggesting Roberts' profile passes the window before the lights go out. The film ends with a radio news report about Raplin's death at the hands of a right-wing fanatic and a shot of Manchester standing in the Jefferson Memorial, looking at the words, "I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man", inscribed there.
- Tim Robbins as Robert "Bob" Roberts, Jr., a folksinger and businessman who runs for the U.S. Senate
- Giancarlo Esposito as John Alijah "Bugs" Raplin, a journalist determined to expose Roberts
- Alan Rickman as Lukas Hart III, Roberts' campaign chairman
- Ray Wise as Chet MacGregor, Roberts' campaign manager
- Brian Murray as Terry Manchester, a British documentary film-maker
- Gore Vidal as Senator Brickley Paiste, the incumbent Senator against whom Roberts campaigns
- Rebecca Jenkins as Delores Perrigrew, a member of Roberts' campaign staff
- Harry Lennix as Franklin Dockett, a Roberts campaign aide
- Robert Stanton as Bart Macklerooney, a Roberts campaign aide
- Kelly Willis as Clarissa Flan, a folk musician
- Tom Atkins as Dr. Caleb Menck, Roberts' personal doctor
- David Strathairn as Mack Laflin, Raplin's attorney
- James Spader as Chuck Marlin, a local news anchor for station WLNO
- Pamela Reed as Carol Cruise, Chuck Marlin's co-anchor at WLNO
- Helen Hunt as Rose Pondell, a field reporter at WLNO
- Peter Gallagher as Dan Riley, host of Good Morning, Philadelphia
- Lynne Thigpen as Kelly Noble, an interviewer on Good Morning, Philadelphia
- Kathleen Chalfant as Constance Roberts, Bob Roberts' mother
- Jack Black as Roger Davis, a fan of Roberts' music and politics (film debut)
- Matt McGrath as Burt, a friend and bandmate of Davis
- Anita Gillette as Mrs. Davis, wife of the mayor of Harrisburg, mother of Roger
- Susan Sarandon as Tawna Titan, a local news anchor for WFAC-TV News
- Fred Ward as Chip Daley, co-anchor at WFAC-TV News
- Fisher Stevens as Rock Bork, a field reporter at WFAC-TV News
- Bob Balaban as Michael Janes, Cutting Edge Live producer
- John Cusack as Cutting Edge Live host
- Allan F. Nicholls as Cutting Edge Live director
- Robert Hegyes as Ernesto Galleano, a reporter
- Steve Pink as an angry Penn State protester
The film's style is drawn from a number of real and mock documentaries, and its shots are crafted to create this effect, in many cases through the use of hand-held cameras. Not only does Roberts' character draw from 60s era iconography of Bob Dylan, it also contains scenes inspired by the 1967 documentary, Dont Look Back, made about the singer, employing a similar (although consciously constructed) cinema verité style. The film also draws from Rob Reiner's 1984 mockumentary This Is Spinal Tap which Robbins states is one of his favorite films, and directly references this during the scene in which Roberts gets lost in an auditorium attempting to find the stage before his performance. In the case of Gore Vidal's character, the majority of the lines were not scripted, and instead Vidal based his role upon his own political beliefs, and his real-life positions on many of the fictional election topics.
While critics and audiences have responded to this film by connecting Roberts’ character to various political figures, such as George H. W. Bush and Pennsylvania senator Rick Santorum, Robbins has said that the film related more to the political system in general than any specific politician. Much of Robbins' commentary is addressed at the role of the media in election campaigns. Some have critiqued Robbins for his approach toward political satire, stating that his references to Reagan-era politics and the rebelliousness of the 1960s are simply too anachronistic in the context of the 1990s, but others have praised it for framing political commentary as a Hollywood comedy.
Bob Roberts currently holds a 100% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
American Film Institute recognition:
- Ansen, D. (1992) "Rattling the Political Cage." Newsweek. 120 (10)
- Canby, V. (1992) "Bob Roberts; A Singing Candidate, A Happy Trail of Hate." The New York Times. September 2
- Roberge, C. (1992) "Tim Robbins campaigns for Bob Roberts and political change (interview)." The Tech. 112 (44) pg. 8
- Johnson, B. (1992) "The Stars and Snipes." Maclean's. 105 (37)
- Kauffman, S. (1992) "Ballotomanes." The New Republic. 207 (15) pp. 34-35
- Roberge, C. (1992) Tim Robbins campaigns for Bob Roberts and political change (interview). The Tech. 112(44) Page 8
- Troy, G. (1993) Bob Roberts. The American Historical Review. 98(4) pp.
- Wattenberg, D. (2001) No Nukes. National Review. 53(5) p55-57
- Ansen, D. (1992) Rattling the Political Cage. Newsweek. 120(10)
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-03-07.