Bob Turner (politician)

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Bob Turner
Bob Turner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 9th district
In office
September 13, 2011 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Anthony Weiner
Succeeded by Yvette Clarke
Personal details
Born (1941-05-02) May 2, 1941 (age 73)
New York City, New York
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Peggy Turner (1963-present); 5 children
Residence Rockaway Point, Queens, New York City
Alma mater St. John's University (New York)
Profession Media executive
Religion Roman Catholic
Website Congressman Bob Turner
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1962-1965
Rank E-5 - SPC5.PNG SPC5[1]

Robert L. "Bob" Turner (born May 2, 1941) is an American businessman and politician who served as the United States Representative for New York's 9th congressional district, containing parts of Brooklyn and Queens, from 2011 to 2013. He is a member of the Republican Party. Turner was elected in September 2011 to complete the term of Democrat Anthony Weiner, who had resigned.

Turner had been a media executive known for his success in the television talk show segment of the industry. Six years after retiring from his business career, he entered politics to run against Weiner in the November 2010 election—losing, receiving 39 percent of the vote. Less than one year later, he defeated Democratic politician David Weprin 52–47 in the special election battle for Weiner's seat—becoming the first Republican to represent the area in over eighty years.[2] In 2012, Turner ran for the United States Senate, but was defeated in the primaries.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in 1941,[5] Turner grew up in the Woodhaven and Richmond Hill neighborhoods of Queens, the eldest of three sons.[1] His father was a taxi driver, and machinist; his mother a homemaker.[6] Turner has described his parents as "New Deal Democrats who began splitting their tickets in the post-Kennedy years."[6] He attended St. Thomas The Apostle School in Woodhaven and Richmond Hill High School. He served in the Army at the rank of SP5, then graduated from St. John's University in Hillcrest with a B.A. in history, after working his way through college.[1] As a college student, he took part in the conservative activist group Young Americans for Freedom.[7]

Business career[edit]

Congressman Turner was awarded the United States Chamber of Commerce “Spirit of Enterprise Award” by U.S. Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Tom J. Donohue for his support of pro-business issues.

Turner worked in the advertising and television industries for more than four decades.[1] In 1984, he co-founded and ran Orbis Communications, a distributor of advertiser funded programming.[1][8] He then headed the North American operations of Pearson LLC, where he exported the television talk show format to Europe, launching six shows in two years.[1] In addition, Turner reorganized and redirected the successful program Baywatch and launched new versions of the game shows Family Feud and To Tell the Truth.[1][9]

Turner's most notable position was President of Multimedia Entertainment, a division of media conglomerate Multimedia, Inc., from 1991 to 1995.[1][10] He created theThe Jerry Springer Show.,[11] he oversaw the production of The Phil Donahue Show and The Sally Jesse Raphael Show,[12][13] and launched the Rush Limbaugh show on TV.[14] Jerry Springer recalled that he and Turner had a friendly, businesslike relationship though their politics differed.[12] Turner shelved several Springer show episodes as inappropriate but kept the show on the air despite heavy criticism and calls from Congress to regulate the show's raunchy content.[13][15] Limbaugh recalled of Turner: "it was Bob Turner that chased Roger Ailes and me down one night at 21 with the idea of doing a show. He was a great guy. He is a great guy. And he has the perfect temperament(...) and he was as loyal as the day is long."[16] Multimedia Entertainment was sold to Gannett Corporation for $2.1 billion in 1995 with Turner helping to orchestrate the sale. Gannett ended Rush Limbaugh's television show and Turner's 24-hour news talk station, the All-Talk Channel.[17][18][19]

He has also been President of LBS Communications, a division of Grey Advertising, where he created a daytime "barter network" for the distribution and syndication of the series Family and Fame.[1] He served as Director of Advertising for Bristol-Myers Company, where he began the production of the Leonard Nimoy series, In Search of..., and was the first General Manager of CBS Cable.[1]

During his active business career, Turner founded and served as the president of the Association of Syndicated Television Advertisers and was on the boards of the National Association of Television Programming Executives and the Advertising Research Council. He served on the television committee of the Association of National Advertisers.[1]

While in his early 60s, Turner retired from full-time business activities but continued to manage his own investments including a hotel business in Orlando, Florida.[1] He sat on several Boards of Directors, including Readspeak Inc., Liberty Imaging Inc., the Achilles Track Club and Family Focus Adoption Services.[1]

Political career[edit]

Bob Turner recalled that he was motivated to join politics because of his opposition to the Health care bill and a perceived "radical left turn" that he felt the Obama administration was taking.[20] He first ran for Congress in November 2010 against Anthony Weiner in New York's ninth congressional district, losing in a 60-40 split.[21] During the 2010 campaign, he ran on a platform favoring minimal regulation of business and signed the Grover Norquist / Americans for Tax Reform pledge of "no new taxes under any circumstances".[22]

U.S. House of Representatives (2011-2013)[edit]

NY Post cover on September 14, 2011, displaying an exulted Turner during his win, described as a "slap" to Pres. Obama (at bottom)

Following the resignation of Anthony Weiner, Turner ran for the vacant seat in a special election held on September 13, 2011 — beating his Democratic opponent, David Weprin, by a margin of more than 3,500 votes.[23] His campaign consultant was strategist Bill O'Reilly. Turner's campaign ran ads showing images of the World Trade Center site in flames, accusing Weprin of commemorating the attack by defending the right of Sufi Muslims to build the Islamic community center Park51.[24][25] Turner also said that Weprin would merely toe the Democratic Party line if elected[26] and emphasized that Weprin had said the national debt was $4 trillion when the correct number was $14 trillion.[27] Turner, according to the New York Times, "aggressively courted observant Jewish voters",[28] and painted Weprin as a puppet of President Obama, who would not stand up for Israel.[28][29] Turner won strong support from Orthodox Jewish leaders, and won crossover endorsements, two key ones being New York Assemblyman Dov Hikind,[30] and former New York Mayor Ed Koch, both Democrats and Jews.[31][32] Turner began the campaign with a disadvantage in fundraising because the national and state Republican parties had spent heavily in previous special elections in New York state.[33] Turner turned down Tea Party support and offers to help during his special election campaign.[34] Regardless, Turner rose in the polls from an underdog to an eight-point advantage days before the election.[28] The Democratic Party contributed heavily to Weprin in the last weeks of the race, as Turner's odds of winning increased.[35] Turner's win was publicized as a large upset victory, and made national headlines because Democrats outnumbered Republicans by 3-to-1 in the district.[36][37] His win was also unexpected because his district had a large Jewish constituency (up to one quarter of registered voters are Jewish), and Turner beat Weprin, an Orthodox Jew, with a majority of the Jewish vote.[29] His campaign manager, E. O'Brien Murray was later named 2012 GOP campaign manager of the year, by the American Association of Political Consultants for his role in the win.[38] The district is Democratic leaning with a Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) of D+5.[21] In Salon, which called Turner's win "unremarkable", it was argued that the district had been leaning rightward, as it was one of the few districts in the nation in which Barack Obama performed one point worse than John Kerry in 2004 and 12 points worse than Al Gore in 2000.[39] Though Salon's claims are questioned by some as Obama won the district in 2008 by 11 points and Kerry by 12 in 2004, which does not seem to imply a strong conservative swing.[40] Further the local city council seat was easily won by a Democrat in the most recent election along with the local State Senate and Assembly seats. This included a special election for New York State Assembly on the same day as Turners election, within his congressional district, where the democrat won with 76% of the vote. Further Governor Cuomo easily won the congressional district in his run for Governor of New York.[41][42][43][44]

Federal spending cuts[edit]

One of Turner's campaign themes was fiscal recovery through cuts in federal spending.[26][45] He said that the federal budget needed to be cut by as much as a third,[46] that capital gains taxes should be eliminated, and corporate and individual income taxes reduced.[47] He opposed what Democrats said were Republican plans to privatize Medicare and Social Security and turn Medicaid into a block-grant program, reportedly at the request of former New York mayor Ed Koch, who supported him.[48] In endorsing Turner's opponent, The New York Times said that Turner's economic plan to reduce taxes without reducing benefits for current Medicare and Social Security recipients was unrealistic. "That would take a magician, not a businessman", said the Times.[46] One month before the election, Turner admitted that an op-ed he written for the National Review calling for a one third reduction in federal spending and "an end to government dependencies" was "blatant pandering" to "a particular audience".[26]

During his 2011 campaign, Turner stated he came out of retirement to run for Congress "to fix what's broken and go home. End subsidies. End government dependencies. Dramatically cut the budget by 30 or 35 percent. Slash capital-gains taxes down to zero. Cut taxes across the board. The rest of America's economic healing will happen naturally as a consequence", he said.[49] In 2011 he chose not to sign "the pledge," citing the need to compromise in the critical area of reducing the debt. In his 2011 campaign he cited illegal immigration as a major cause of U.S. unemployment.[50] To resolve the U.S. debt, he proposed eliminating the U.S Department of Agriculture and the Environmental Protection Agency and reducing the size of the Department of Education.[26][45]

Tenure[edit]

Turner at the Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, where he argued for the elimination of its tolls

Turner was sworn in on September 15, 2011.[51] Turner was mentored by Homeland Security Chair, Peter T. King (R-NY) in his transition to his new job.[7] He met with his former rival, Anthony Weiner, discussing open constituent files and issues facing the district, including noise pollution and eroding beaches.[7] He had a cordial and businesslike meeting with Weiner, though the two men have been described as polar opposites.[7]

Within weeks of taking office, Turner was attacked by the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) for his no new tax pledge, and painted by the DCC as representing wealthy individuals and corporations rather than the average district voter.[52] Turner expressed support for hydrofracking in upstate New York, and would allow states to opt out of No Child Left Behind.[53] Remarking on the tenth anniversary of the war in Afghanistan, Turner said he would "leave our military commitment in Afghanistan up to the generals in the field," adding that, "If they believe the sacrifice of our soldiers continues to be necessary to prevent attacks on U.S. soil, then we have no choice but to let them finish the task."[54] Turner was an advocate for removing the tolls on the Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge, and applauded Gov. Cuomo for his motions towards changing the policy.[55]

In November 2011, a protester affiliated with the Occupy Wall Street movement shouted during Turner's ceremonial swearing-in.[56][57] Turner then criticized the OWS demonstrators as socialist and praised America's capitalist system as a "beacon to the world".[56][57] Turner voted for Paul Ryan's revised budget plan in 2012,[58] despite reluctance that it would privatize Medicare and Social Security. Turner promised during his campaign to protect Social Security, and explicitly said he would vote no to the Ryan plan.[59] Turner's spokesman defended his vote for the bill, saying Turner was opposed to many of its provisions, but believed it was a good starting point for negotiations because it would not be finalized without compromise with the Democratic-controlled Senate.[60] However, Turner did suggest raising the minimum age from 65.[25][27]

Turner speaking about his proposed Teach Act of 2012, which would give a tax credit up to $5,000 for children in private or parochial schools

Turner introduced The TEACH Act of 2012, which would provide a federal tax credit of up to $5,000 per year to families who send their children to non-public K-12 schools. Congressman Turner has said his goal with the TEACH Act is to ameliorate the “double taxation” burdening on parents paying for local school taxes and private schooling tuition.[61] His proposal received wide support from the Orthodox Union,[62] Yeshiva congregations in Queens,[63] and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn.[64][65] The Act is currently in committee.[66]

Committee Assignments[edit]

Turner seated at the House Foreign Affairs Committee. On foreign affairs, he supported Israel and voted to restrict the threat of a nuclear Iran

The House Republican Steering Committee assigned Turner to three committees in the House, including Foreign Affairs, Veterans Affairs, and Homeland Security. When asked about the news, Turner said he was "very excited to be appointed to three important House committees." Rep. Peter King commended Turner's involvement in homeland security, saying Turner knew that "New York is the number one target." Turner sided with the NYPD's intelligence gathering of Arab-Americans, and supported more funding for defense.[67] Upon being chosen to serve on the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, he stated, "I intend to forward my beliefs that it is in our national interest to defend our Middle East ally, Israel, and I will oppose further attempts by the U.N. to recognize a Palestinian state."[68] He co-sponsored H.R. Bill 556, which condemned Iran for human rights abuses,[69] and urged Pres. Obama to challenge Iran for its nuclear armament policies[70] Turner pushed for strict economic sanctions on the Iranian Central Bank, and criticized Sen. Harry Reid for stalling H.R. 1905, which would have allowed the U.S. to restrict Iran's trade internationally and bar U.S.-Iran diplomacy.[71][72]

Brooklyn Daily opined that the assignments would not allow Turner to make use of his business experience and offered little opportunity for him to deliver on his promises of bringing "fiscal sanity" to Washington.[73] His predecessor, Anthony Weiner, had served in the Committee on Energy and Commerce, which had the broadest jurisdiction of the committees.[73]

Redistricting[edit]

Following the 2010 Census, New York State lost two congressmen in its delegation, and Turner's district was split. Crain's New York Business said that Turner's win would make the New York Republican Party more likely to push for a "super Jewish" congressional district, extending the influence of Brooklyn's Orthodox Jewish community.[74] Under the new congressional district lines, he would possibly have faced Gregory Meeks in a more African-American and heavily Democratic constituency; Turner was not optimistic about his chances, telling reporters, "That’s a district that really can’t be moved. That’s not a legitimate shot."[75]

2012 U.S. Senate election[edit]

In March 2012, he announced he would challenge Democratic incumbent U.S. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand. Turner faced attorney Wendy E. Long, and Nassau County Comptroller George Maragos in a primary election to face Gillibrand. The 2012 New York State Republican convention split the endorsement among the three candidates, with enough support for each candidate to automatically appear on the ballot. Turner lost the primary election to Long on June 26, 2012.[4] He additionally sought the endorsement of New York's Conservative Party, which he also lost to Long.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Turner has been married to Peggy Turner, a foster care nurse for special needs children, for 48 years.[1] The couple has five adult children and 13 grandchildren and resides in Rockaway Point, Queens.[1] In August 2011, Turner revealed the couple's 1994 adoption of C.J. Holmstrom, an orphan whose parents had died from AIDS.[76] C.J.'s mother, Rosemary Holmstrom, had been on daytime talk shows in the 1980s discussing the death of her husband from AIDS, and her own HIV positive status.[76][77] The Turners helped her and C.J. from that time on, adopting C.J after her death.[76][78] Turner’s home was flooded and subsequently burned to the ground during Hurricane Sandy.[79]

Electoral history[edit]

Republican primary results[80]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wendy Long 75,924 50.2%
Republican Bob Turner 54,196 35.9%
Republican George Maragos 21,002 13.9%
Totals 151,122 100%
2011 U.S. House of Representatives special election
New York's 9th District, September 13, 2011[23][81]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Turner 37,342 51.7%
Democratic David Weprin 33,656 46.6%
Republican gain from Democratic
2010 U.S. House of Representatives general election
New York's 9th District, November 2, 2010[82]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Anthony Weiner (incumbent) 67,011 61%
Republican Bob Turner 43,129 39%
Democratic hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "About Bob". Bob Turner for Congress. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  2. ^ Alison Fox, Pervaiz Shallwani and Aaron Rutkoff (September 14, 2011). "Behind Turner's Win: Jewish Voters Opposed to Gay Marriage". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 9, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b http://www.cpnys.org/posts/wendy-long-receives-conservative-party-endorsement
  4. ^ a b http://www.timesledger.com/stories/2012/26/turnerprimary_all_2012_06_28_q.html
  5. ^ "Turner, Robert L., (1941-)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 2, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Bob Turner (August 8, 2011). "A Businessman Running for Congress". The Brooklyn Politics. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d Joe Anuta (October 6, 2011). "Turner taps Weiner for advice". Queens Campaigner. Retrieved October 9, 2011. 
  8. ^ Cynthia Littleton (June 10, 1996). "All American buys Orbis. (All American Communications, Orbis Entertainment)(Brief Article" (Subscription required). Broadcasting & Cable. 
  9. ^ Kyle Smith (August 21, 2010). "In Weiner's district, a GOP candidate stumps for the protest vote" (comment). New York Post. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  10. ^ Chris Bragg and Andrew J. Hawkins (August 31, 2011). "During Bob Turner's Tenure Running Talk Show Company, A Sharp Drop in Profits". City Hall News (New York, New York). Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  11. ^ Elise Foley (September 2, 2011). "Bob Turner Put Rush Limbaugh On Television, He's Proud To Say". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Andrew J. Hawkins (August 29, 2011). "Bob Turner, Jerry Springer And The Cowboy Outfit". City Hall News. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  13. ^ a b Daniel Bates (August 9, 2011). "How the man who created Jerry Springer's show may replace Anthony Weiner in Congress". Daily Mail Online (London). Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  14. ^ Elise Foley (September 1, 2011). "Bob Turner Put Rush Limbaugh On Television, He's Proud To Say". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  15. ^ Michael Barbaro (September 7, 2011). "TV Executive Behind 'Springer' Tries to Win House Seat for G.O.P.". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  16. ^ Benjamin, Liz (June 19, 2012). Extras (#563). State of Politics. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  17. ^ Bob Turner for Congress
  18. ^ During Bob Turner's Tenure Running Talk Show Company
  19. ^ Syndie's revolving door
  20. ^ "The man who brought Rush Limbaugh to television looks to bring down liberal New York Rep. Anthony Weiner". The Daily Caller. October 18, 2010. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  21. ^ a b Tomasky, Michael (June 7, 2011). "How the GOP Can Take Anthony Weiner's Seat". The Daily Beast. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  22. ^ "Bob Turner hedges on "no new taxes" pledge". Brooklyn Politics. July 28, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b "Official result, 9th District Special Election on September 13, 2011". New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved October 26, 2011. 
  24. ^ Domenick Rafter (August 18, 2011). "Turner's 9/11 Ad Painful For Some". Queens Tribune On Line. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  25. ^ a b "The Daily News endorses Bob Turner over David Weprin for Congress to replace Anthony Weiner" (Opinion). New York Daily News. September 1, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c d Alex Katz and Alison Gendar (August 12, 2011). "GOP hopeful Bob Turner pushes budget cuts in race to replace Weiner, admits to 'blatant pandering'". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 
  27. ^ a b Anna Gustafson (September 1, 2011). "Juniper Civic livid after Weprin cancels debate". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  28. ^ a b c Thomas Kaplan and Kate Taylor (September 9, 2011). "Fearing loss of a house seat, Democrats make a late push". The New York Times. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  29. ^ a b Alex Isenstadt (August 16, 2011). "GOP candidate Bob Turner banks on Obama disenchantment". Politico. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  30. ^ Adam Dickter (September 7, 2011). "Hikind Endorses Republican In Special Congress Race". The Jewish Week. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  31. ^ Mark Landler (September 14, 2011). "Seeing Ripple in Jewish Vote". The New York Times. 
    Kate Taylor (September 15, 2011). "Koch May Test His Political Voice on National Stage". The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  32. ^ "The Yeshiva World Turner Offers $1,000 Reward To Decipher Weprin Palestinian Authority Remarks". Frum Jewish News. Theyeshivaworld.com. August 5, 2011. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  33. ^ Thomas Kaplan (September 2, 2011). "David Weprin Leads Bob Turner in Fund-Raising for House Seat". The New York Times. Retrieved September 10, 2011. 
  34. ^ Patrick Brennan (September 5, 2011). "A Scott Brown in Queens?". National Review Online. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  35. ^ Alex Isenstadt (September 5, 2011). "David Weprin getting late help from Dems". Politico. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  36. ^ Honan, Edith (March 19, 2012). "New York Republican wins key 3rd-party nod in Senate bid". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  37. ^ Miller, Joshua (September 14, 2011). "Bob Turner Upsets Democrat David Weprin in New York Special". Roll Call. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  38. ^ Katz, Celeste (April 5, 2012). "Bob Turner Touts E. O'Brien Murray Street Cred". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  39. ^ Steve Kornacki. "The GOP's unremarkable special election stunner". Salon. Retrieved Sep 14, 2011. 
  40. ^ http://www.swingstateproject.com/diary/4161/
  41. ^ "Election 2009". The New York Times. 
  42. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2011/by_county/NY_State_Assembly_0913.html?SITE=AP&SECTION=POLITICS
  43. ^ "New York State Legislature Election Results". The New York Times. 
  44. ^ Daily News (New York) http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/new-york-election-2012-results-article-1.1197541 |url= missing title (help). 
  45. ^ a b Howard Koplowitz (August 28, 2011). "Weprin, Turner debate draws hecklers". YourNabe.com. Retrieved October 9, 2011. 
  46. ^ a b Editorial (August 30, 2011). "For Congress in New York's Ninth District". The New York Times. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  47. ^ Matt Purple (October 18, 2010). "The man who brought Rush Limbaugh to television looks to bring down liberal New York Rep. Anthony Weiner". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  48. ^ "Koch Endorses Turner". The Queens Gazette. July 27, 2011. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  49. ^ Bob Turner (June 8, 2011). "The Bonfire on the Hill". The Corner - National Review Online. National Review. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  50. ^ "Turner says message to Washington is 'loud and clear'". Legislative Affairs Gazette. September 14, 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2011. 
  51. ^ Thomas Kaplan (September 15, 2011). "Lawmaker takes office and learns some rules". The New York Times. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  52. ^ Hampton, Matthew (October 7, 2011). "Democrats Attack Turner For Signing Tax Pledge". Bayside, NY Patch. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  53. ^ Gustafson, Anna (October 13, 2011). "For new congressman, a time for catching up". Queens Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  54. ^ Liz Rhoades (October 20, 2011). "No closure on 10th anniversary of war". Queens Chronicle. 
  55. ^ "Representative Robert Turner". Bobturner.house.gov. September 29, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  56. ^ a b Rebecca Henely. "Protester crashes Turner inauguration". TimesLedger (Queens). Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  57. ^ a b Frank Rosario, Doug Auer and Bob Fredericks (November 14, 2011). "Ex-cop boots OWS heckler from congressman's swearing-in". New York Post. 
  58. ^ Pillifant, Reid (March 30, 2012). "New York Republicans prepare to defend Paul Ryan's budget plan, or not". Capital New York. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  59. ^ David Catanese (July 22, 2011). "Turner opposed to Ryan plan". Politico. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  60. ^ Freedlander, David (March 29, 2012). "Turner Votes For Ryan Budget, Despite Saying He Wouldn’t". Politicker. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  61. ^ Berke, Ned (March 2, 2012). "Turner Pushes Bill Providing $5,000 Tax Credit To Private School Parents". Sheepshead Bay News. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  62. ^ "OU Commends Representative Bob Turner’s Intro of "TEACH" Act for Schools". Orthodox Union. March 5, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  63. ^ "Turner Proposes Tax Credit For Parents". The Jewish Voice. March 7, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  64. ^ Fraser, Lisa A. (March 7, 2012). "Turner's TEACH Act could save parents thousands". LIC/Astoria Journal. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  65. ^ "Tuition Tax Credits – Local Congressman Supports Relief for Parents Who Choose Parochial Schools". The Tablet. March 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  66. ^ "Tax and Education Assistance for Children (TEACH) Act of 2012 (H.R. 4075)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  67. ^ Berke, Ned (April 5, 2012). "Video: Turner Saber Rattles On Iran At Manhattan Beach Neighborhood Association". Sheepshead Bay News. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  68. ^ "Ros-Lehtinen Welcomes Congressman Bob Turner to Foreign Affairs Committee". U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs. October 4, 2011. 
  69. ^ "Condemning the Government of Iran for its continued persecution, imprisonment, and sentencing of Youcef Nadarkhani on the charge of apostasy. (H.Res. 556)". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  70. ^ "Congressman Turner Statement on Iran’s failure to Cooperate With IAEA". Bobturner.house.gov. February 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  71. ^ Turner, Bob (January 26, 2012). "Iran: Fast Approaching the Point of No Return". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  72. ^ Tierney, Dominic (December 6, 2011). "Prepare for War: The Insane Plan to Outlaw Diplomacy with Iran". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  73. ^ a b Tracy, Thomas (October 13, 2011). "His Turner: Bob named to vets, security committees". Brooklyn Daily. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  74. ^ "Turner vote tests ‘super Jewish' district" (subscription needed). Crain's New York Business. August 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  75. ^ Karlin, Rick (March 16, 2012). "Capitol Confidential » Turner: ‘That’s life in the Big City’". Blog.timesunion.com. Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  76. ^ a b c Mark Morales (August 21, 2011). "Adoptive parents in high-profile AIDS case identified as Republican candidate Bob Turner and wife". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 
  77. ^ "For the love of C.J.". New York Daily News. August 21, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  78. ^ A movie, A Mother's Prayer, was produced in 1995 based on Rosemary's life.
  79. ^ Barron, James (October 31, 2012). "In Storm's Wake, Rescues, Looting, and a Rising Death Toll". The New York Times. 
  80. ^ http://www.politico.com/2012-election/map/#/Senate/2012/Primary/NY
  81. ^ "Statement and Return Report for Certification, Representative in Congress 9th Congressional District" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-05-28. 
  82. ^ "2010 Congress Amended Election Results". New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved September 28, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Peter A. Lund
President of Multimedia Entertainment
1991–1995
Succeeded by
Richard Coveny
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Anthony Weiner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 9th congressional district

2011–2013
Succeeded by
Yvette Clarke