Bob the Railway Dog

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Bob the Railway Dog
BobtheSouthAustralianRailways Dogweb.jpg
Other appellation(s) Bob, Terowie Bob
Species Dog
Breed German Coolie/ Smithfield Cross
Sex Male
Born c 1878
Adelaide Hills, Near Macclesfield
Died 29 July 1895
Hindley Street Adelaide
Resting place Unknown
Occupation Railway Traveller
Years active 1881-1894
Employer South Australian Railways
Notable role Drivers Companion
Owner Railwaymen, Terowie

Bob the Railway Dog (also known as "Terowie Bob" [1]) is part of South Australian Railways folklore. He travelled the South Australian Railways system in the later part of the 19th century, and was known widely to railwaymen of the day.

Story[edit]

Bob first experienced the railway life, when, as a young dog, he took a fancy to the workers building the railway near Strathalbyn and followed some of the navvies to the line. He was brought back to his owner, the publican of the Macclesfield Hotel, two or three times before finally disappearing; he was about 9 months old at the time.[2]

His true railway career appears to commence not long after being consigned from Adelaide along with fifty other dogs to Quorn, to be used to exterminate rabbits near Carrieton. Bob was, it was believed, picked up as a stray in Adelaide. He was swapped (though it has been suggested he "broke pack" [3]) for another dog, obtained as a stray from the Police in Port Augusta by William Seth Ferry, then working as a Special Guard at Petersburg as Peterborough was then known. Ferry "registered him right away" and is recorded as noting he acquired Bob on 24 September 1884.[4]

Eventually William Ferry was promoted to Petersburg Assistant Station Master in February 1885,[4] by which time Bob became accustomed to train travel.

He was known to venture to and from Petersburg often sitting in the front of the coal space in the locomotive tender, travelling many thousands of miles. According to the Petersburg Times [5] " His favourite place on a Yankee engine; the big whistle and belching smokestack seem(ed) to have an irresistible attraction for him....he lived on the fat of the land , and was not particular from whom he accepted his dinner".[6]

He did not like suburban engines, because of their cramped cabs, but was known to clear out third class compartments for his sole use by "vigorously barking at all stations, usually succeeding in convincing intending passengers that the coach had been reserved of his special benefit". "His bark was robust and often caused strangers to believe that he was being aggressive when he really intended to be friendly".[7] He had no master, but was befriended and enabled by the engineers (for whom he seemed to have a special affinity) and trainmen, and permitted to "ride for free, like a politician."[6]

Some sources[8] suggest that Bob's travels took him to all mainland states of Australia, being seen as far afield as Oodnadatta, Queensland, and even Western Australia (given there was no railway connection at the time, this is unlikely). However, he was noted as having "several river trips up the Murray and around the coast".[5] He was present at the opening of the railway between Petersburg and Broken Hill, as a "distinguished guest at the Melbourne Exhibition in 1881".[9][A] Given he was not acquired by Ferry until 1884, it is not clear if this was indeed "Bob".

Accidents[edit]

Bob is noted as having several accidents in his career.

In his early career, he had a number of falls, after which he refined his skills jumping up onto, or from one locomotive to another, even as they moved. On one occasion he is reported to have fallen from an engine travelling between Manoora and Saddleworth, and managed to walk with an injured leg, two miles to Saddleworth.[10]

In Port Pirie, his tail became jammed - just where is not known. In another incident, he is reported as losing an inch off his tail after slipping off, and on another journey, his coat caught fire.[11]

During a stay in Adelaide, he is reported to have spent time at Goodwood Cabin, and, after tripping down the cabins stairs, rolling under and out the other side of a passing train.[12]

During one of his visits to Port Augusta, he is said to have caught a steamship to Port Pirie, after apparently confusing the ships whistle with that of a locomotive.[13]

The Petersburg Times [9] records that "only during one winter did he look miserable, when some employé (on probation) cut off all his hair except that of his neck and tip of his tail. He was supposed to look like a diminutive lion, but his voice betrayed him".

Bloodline[edit]

Various reports over the years suggest that whilst Bob was "well bred",[11] he was most likely a German Coolie crossed with a Smithfield.[11] Others claim he was a Bearded collie.[14]

One correspondent, Mr Henry Hollamby of Macclesfield, claimed in the Southern Argus [2] that he was the breeder, and that "Bobs father was a German collie dog". He writes that he passed the dog to the owner of the Macclesfield Hotel, a Mr James Mott.

Later research by Parker appears to support this.[15]

Poem[edit]

The following poem was published in the Advertiser on 17 August 1895:

Home-keeping dogs have homely wits,
Their notions tame and poor;
I scorn the dog who humbly sits
Before the cottage door,
Or those who weary vigils keep,
Or follow lovely kine;
A dreary life midst stupid sheep
Shall ne'er be lot of mine.

For free from thrall I travel far,
No fixed abode I own;
I leap aboard a railway car;
By every one I' know;
Today I am here, tomorrow brings
Me miles and miles away;
Borne swiftly on steams rushing wings,
I see fresh friends each day.

Each Driver from the footplate hales
My coming with delight;
I gain from all upon the rails;
A welcome ever bright;
I share the perils of the line
with mates from end to end,
Who would not for a silver mine
Have harm befall their friend

Let other dogs snarl and fight,
And round the city prowl,
Or render hideous the night
With unmelodious howl.
I have a cheery bark for all,
No ties my travels clog;
I hear the whistle, that's the call
For Bob, the driver's dog.

Collar[edit]

Bob's collar on display at NRM Adelaide

Bob was provided with a collar bought by a commercial traveller[13] who had taken a fancy to him after he had been "dognapped" by a farmer.[15] In addition to two tags, two brass plates were rivetted to the collar itself. They were inscribed with:

Stop me not, but let me jog, For I am Bob, the drivers dog

and;

Presented by McLean Bros & Ricc

It was reported that the brass plate was made by "a brass worker in the service".[16] It has been suggested that the couplet was written by Ferry and his nephew.[5]

Parker also notes that the railwaymen in Terowie had always maintained his registration after Ferry left (Ferry took up a role as Assistant Stationmaster with the WA Land Company at Mt Barker WA in 1889 - he notes that "somebody hid him at Alberton. so I should not get him. I never saw him again after that").[4]

Death[edit]

It was reported that Bob died on 29 July 1895. The Advertiser[7] reports he had retired to Adelaide where he was known to dine regularly at a butcher's shop, run by a Mr Evans, in Hindley Street, until his death at the age of 17. The Chronicle notes that after his afternoon tea, Bob was "heard to bark at a passing dog, and then with a pitiful howl dropped dead".[17] He was eulogized around the world, as far away as Great Britain, and was lauded as "the king of outcasts."[18]

Others record that Bob lived out his days on the Silverton Tramway Company Ltd, which connected Broken Hill to the South Australian Railways, and Petersburg.

On his death, his body was preserved and later displayed at the Exchange Hotel, Adelaide.[3][17]

His collar was initially given to the Lord Mayor of Adelaide,[15] but was later passed on to the Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen.[3]

Present[edit]

Bob's Statue - Main Street Peterborough

Bob is remembered today by railway workers and historians alike.

His collar is on display in the National Railway Museum, Port Adelaide, along with photographs and other artifacts.

In 2009, the local community of Peterborough, as Petersburg is now known, raised funds for a statue of Bob. This was unveiled in November, and is located on the eastern end of Main Street.[19][20]

Bob is commemorated in Terowie via a series of information boards, the "Bob the Railway Dog Trail", at various points of interest in the town.

Bob's Trail - Terowie SA

Bob's story has been romanticised in a fictional work published in 2011.[21][22]

Other "Bobs"[edit]

Patsy Adam-Smith suggests that the couplet on Bob's collar may not be unique. She notes that correspondence in an "Adelaide paper" recalled seeing an 18th-century book which described a dog working with a fire brigade.[23] The picture notes a similar couplet, "Stop me not but onward let me jog, for I am Bob, the London Firemans Dog."[13] See Owney (dog).

A poem relating to Bob the Firemens Dog, published in a New Zealand Paper in 1877, gives some credence to the story.[24]

There was also Bob, Her Majesty's Scots Fusilier Guards Dog,[23] and Greyfriars Bobby of Scotland, also immortalised in bronze.

Bobbie, the Wonder Dog was heralded for his loyalty in a 2,551 miles (4,105 km) trek to return to his master's home.[25]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manning, G; 1990 Manning's Place Names of South Australia ISBN 05437687505
  2. ^ a b "Bob the Railway Dog" General News Southern Argus 22 August 1895
  3. ^ a b c Roberts, L: Rails to Wealth; The Story of the Silverton Tramway Company 1886-1972 L E Roberts 1995 ISBN 0-646-26587-3
  4. ^ a b c "Owned Bob the Railway Dog". The Advertiser. 13 November 1936. 
  5. ^ a b c "One of them" Bob The Railway Dog - Correspondence in The Advertiser 17 August 1895 (similar correspondence from the same nom-de-plume appears in The Petersburg Times 30 August 1895 and The Chronicle 17 August 1895)
  6. ^ a b Sargent, Josephine (7 October 2011). "Bob the railway dog: icon of Australian history". Australian Geographic. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b The Advertiser. 5 February 1935. 
  8. ^ E Cresswall. Adelaide, 24 August. 1895 The English Spectator
  9. ^ a b Death of Bob the Railway Dog Petersburg Times 9 August 1895
  10. ^ The New South Wales Railway Budget; 1895
  11. ^ a b c "The Story of Railway Bob". The Advertiser. 14 September 1937. 
  12. ^ Lockyer, Arnold: Personal recount of a story passed down by his mother, whose father was in charge of Goodwood Box at the time
  13. ^ a b c Adam-Smith, Patsy (1969) Folklore of Australian Railwaymen Seal Books; p157
  14. ^ "South Australia's own travelling dogs" (video). ABC News. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c Parker, Heather Bob the Railway Dog, Accessed 26 December 2010
  16. ^ Register, 27 February 1924, p 11
  17. ^ a b "Bob", The Railway Dog; The Chronicle 3 August 1895
  18. ^ "From the archives: Bob the Railway Dog (1895)". Centre for Fortean Zoology Australia. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  19. ^ Mills, S: Railway Bob makes his Debut accessed at The Flinders News 16 December 2009
  20. ^ "Bob the Railway Dog". Monument Australia. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  21. ^ Parker, Olwyn M. (1 May 2011). The Railway Dog: The True Story of an Australian Outback Dog. Brolga Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 1-921596-57-0. Retrieved 25 March 2012.  ISBN 978-1-921596-57-5.
  22. ^ Debelle, Penelope (30 April 2011). "Channelling Bob the railway dog". The Advertiser. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  23. ^ a b Jones, Dorothea (1828-1885); Keyl, F.W., illustrator; Cooper, A.W.; Rice, B. "Friends in Fur and Feathers, Her Majesty's Scots Fusilier Guards Dog, Bob". Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  24. ^ Clutha Leader, Volume III, Issue 138, 2 March 1877, Page 2 Accessed at The National Library of New Zealand, 26 December 2010
  25. ^ Brazier, G. F.; Wager-Smith, Curtis, editor (1924). "Bobbie—The Wonder Dog of Oregon". Animal Pals (Silverton, Oregon/Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Macrae Smith Company/Liberal University of Oregon). Retrieved 26 January 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]