Bobby Jindal

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Bobby Jindal
Bobby Jindal by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jindal at the Republican Leadership Conference in June 2011.
55th Governor of Louisiana
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 14, 2008
Lieutenant Mitch Landrieu (2008–10)
Scott Angelle (2010)
Jay Dardenne (2010–present)
Preceded by Kathleen Blanco
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 14, 2008
Preceded by David Vitter
Succeeded by Steve Scalise
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
In office
2001–2003
President George W. Bush
President of the University of Louisiana System
In office
1999–2001
Governor Murphy Foster
Secretary of Louisiana Health and Hospitals
In office
1996–1998
Governor Murphy Foster
Vice Chairman, Republican Governors Association
Incumbent
Assumed office
2013
Preceded by Scott Walker
Personal details
Born Piyush Jindal
(1971-06-10) June 10, 1971 (age 43)
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Supriya Jolly (m. 1997)
Children
  • Selia Elizabeth
    • Shaan Robert
    • Slade Ryan
Residence Louisiana Governor's Mansion
Alma mater Brown University (Sc.B.)
New College, Oxford (M.Litt.)
Profession Management consultant
Government official
Politician
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature
Website Official website

Piyush "Bobby" Jindal (born June 10, 1971)[1] is an American politician who is the 55th and current Governor of Louisiana and the Vice Chairman of the Republican Governors Association.[2]

Jindal was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to immigrants from India. Prior to entering politics, Jindal studied for a Bachelor of Science in biology and public policy at Brown University from 1988 to 1991 and then a Master of Letters in political science from New College, Oxford, as a Rhodes Scholar. He worked for McKinsey & Company and interned for Representative Jim McCrery of Louisiana. In 1996, Governor Murphy Foster appointed Jindal Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, and in 1999 he was appointed President of the University of Louisiana System. In 2001, Jindal was appointed as the principal adviser to Tommy Thompson, the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services by President George W. Bush.

He first ran for governor in 2003 and won a plurality in the nonpartisan blanket primary but lost in the general election to Democrat Kathleen Blanco. He then won a seat in the United States House of Representatives in the 2004 elections. The second Indian American in Congress, he was re-elected in 2006. He ran for Governor again in 2007 and secured an outright majority in the first round of balloting. He was re-elected in a landslide in 2011.

Early life, education, and business career[edit]

Jindal was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, to Amar and Raj Jindal, immigrants from Punjab, India, who came to the U.S. six months before he was born.[3] Jindal attended Baton Rouge Magnet High School, graduating in 1988. While in high school, he competed in tennis tournaments, and started a computer newsletter, a retail candy business, and a mail-order software company. He spent his free time working at the stands during LSU football games.[4] Jindal was one of 50 students nationwide admitted to the Program in Liberal Medical Education (PLME) at Brown University, guaranteeing him a place in medical school. Jindal completed majors in biology and public policy. He graduated in 1991 at the age of 20, with honors in both majors.[4][5] Jindal was named to the 1992 USA Today All-USA Academic Team. He applied to and was accepted by both Harvard Medical School and Yale Law School, but studied at New College, Oxford, as a Rhodes Scholar. He received an M.Litt. degree in political science with an emphasis in health policy from the University of Oxford in 1994, where the subject of his thesis was "A needs-based approach to health care".[4] He turned down an offer to study for a D.Phil. in politics, instead joining the consulting firm McKinsey & Company.[6] He then interned in the office of Rep. Jim McCrery of Louisiana, where McCrery assigned him to work on healthcare policy; Jindal spent two weeks studying Medicare to compile an extensive report on possible solutions to Medicare's financial problems which he presented to McCrery.[7]

As a young convert to Christianity, Jindal wrote several articles about his spiritual journey that were published in the New Oxford Review.[6]

Early political career (1993–2003)[edit]

Foster administration[edit]

In 1993 U.S. Representative Jim McCrery (whom Jindal had worked for as a summer intern) introduced him to Governor Murphy Foster.[8] In 1996 Foster appointed Jindal as Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals, an agency that represented about 40 percent of the state budget and employed over 12,000 people. Foster called Jindal a genius who has a lot of knowledge of medicine.[9] Jindal was 24 at the time.[10] During his tenure, Louisiana's Medicaid program went from bankruptcy with a $400 million deficit into three years of surpluses totaling $220 million.[11] Jindal was criticized during the 2007 campaign by the Louisiana AFL-CIO for closing some local clinics to reach that surplus.[12] Under Jindal's term, Louisiana nationally rose to third place in child healthcare screenings, with child immunizations rising, and introduced new and expanded services for the elderly and the disabled.[13] In 1998, Jindal was appointed executive director of the National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare, a 17-member panel charged with devising plans to reform Medicare. In 1999, at the request of the Louisiana Governor's Office and the Louisiana State Legislature, Jindal examined how Louisiana might use its $4.4 billion share of the tobacco settlement.

In 1998, Jindal received the Samuel S. Beard Award for Greatest Public Service by an Individual 35 Years or Under, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[14]

At 28 years of age in 1999, Jindal was appointed to become the youngest-ever president of the University of Louisiana System, the nation's 16th largest system of higher education with over 80,000 students per year.[15]

Bush administration[edit]

In March 2001 he was nominated by President George W. Bush to be Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services for Planning and Evaluation.[16] He was later unanimously confirmed by a vote of the United States Senate and began serving on July 9, 2001. In that position, he served as the principal policy adviser to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.[17] He resigned from that post on February 21, 2003, to return to Louisiana and run for governor.[18] He was assigned to help fight the nurse shortage by examining steps to improve nursing education.[19]

2003 election for governor[edit]

Jindal came to national prominence during the 2003 election for Louisiana governor.

In what Louisianans call an "open primary" (but which is technically a nonpartisan blanket primary), Jindal finished first with 33 percent of the vote. He received endorsements from the largest paper in Louisiana, the New Orleans Times-Picayune; the newly elected Democratic mayor of New Orleans, Ray Nagin; and the outgoing Republican governor, Mike Foster. In the second balloting, Jindal faced the outgoing lieutenant governor, Kathleen Babineaux Blanco of Lafayette, a Democrat. Despite winning in Blanco's hometown, he lost many normally conservative parishes in north Louisiana, and Blanco prevailed with 52 percent of the popular vote.

Political analysts have speculated on explanations for his loss. Some have blamed Jindal for his refusal to answer questions targeted at his religion and ethnic background brought up in several Democratic advertisements,[20][21] which the Jindal Campaign called "negative attack ads." Others[who?] note that a significant number of conservative Louisianans remain more comfortable voting for a conservative Democrat, than for a Republican[citation needed]. Despite his losing the election in 2003, the run for governor made Jindal a well-known figure on the state's political scene and a rising star within the Republican party.

U.S. House of Representatives (2005–2008)[edit]

Jindal in 2005, during his tenure as a U.S. Congressman.

Elections[edit]

2004

A few weeks after the 2003 gubernatorial runoff, Jindal decided to run for Louisiana's 1st congressional district. The incumbent, David Vitter, was running for the Senate seat being vacated by John Breaux. The Louisiana Republican Party endorsed him in the primary although Mike Rogers, also a Republican, was running for the same seat. The 1st District has been in Republican hands since a 1977 special election and is widely considered to be staunchly conservative.[22] Jindal also had an advantage because his campaign was able to raise over $1 million very early in the campaign, making it harder for other candidates to effectively raise funds to oppose him. He won the 2004 Election with 78 percent of the vote.

2006

Jindal won re-election to a second term with 88% of the vote.

Tenure[edit]

He was the second Indian American elected to Congress.[23] He has reportedly lived in Kenner,[24] Metairie, and Baton Rouge.[25]

In 2005, Jindal criticized President Bush's budget for not calling for enough spending cuts.[26] He warned of the growth of Medicaid saying "Congress may act without them...there seems to be growing momentum that the status quo is not defensible."[27] Jindal praised Bush's leadership on social security reform saying "The administration has a lot more work to do to continue educating the American people about the very serious challenges facing Social Security."[28]

In response to Hurricane Katrina, Jindal stated "If we had been investing resources in restoring our coast, it wouldn't have prevented the storm, but the barrier islands would have absorbed some of the tidal surge."[29]

Committee assignments[edit]

He was made Vice-Chairman of the House Subcommittee on the Prevention of Nuclear and Biological Attacks. Jindal served as President of the incoming Freshman class of congressmen in 2004. He was elected to the position of House Assistant Majority Whip, a senior leadership role; he served in this capacity from 2004 to 2006.[4]

2007 election for governor[edit]

On January 22, 2007, Jindal announced his candidacy for governor.[30] Polling data showed him with an early lead in the race, and he remained the favorite throughout the campaign. He defeated eleven opponents in the nonpartisan blanket primary held on October 20, including two prominent Democrats, State Senator Walter Boasso of Chalmette and Louisiana Public Service Commissioner Foster Campbell of Bossier City, and an independent, New Orleans businessman John Georges.

Jindal finished with 699,672 votes (54 percent). Boasso ran second with 226,364 votes (17 percent). Georges finished with 186,800 (14 percent), and Campbell, who is also a former state senator, ran fourth with 161,425 (12 percent). The remaining candidates collectively polled three percent of the vote. Jindal polled pluralities or majorities in 60 of the state's 64 parishes (equivalent to counties in other states). He lost narrowly to Georges in Orleans Parish, to Boasso in St. Bernard Parish (which Boasso represented in the Legislature), and in the two neighboring north Louisiana parishes of Red River and Bienville located south of Shreveport, both of which are historically Democratic and supported Campbell. In the 2003 contest with Blanco, Jindal had lost most of the northern parishes.[31] This marked the first time that a non-incumbent candidate for governor was elected without a runoff under the Louisiana election system.[32]

Governor of Louisiana (2008 – present)[edit]

First term[edit]

As governor-elect Jindal named a new ethics team, with Democratic Shreveport businesswoman Virginia Kilpatrick Shehee, the first woman to have served in the state senate, as the vice chairman of the panel. Jindal assumed the position of governor when he took the oath of office on January 14, 2008. At thirty-six, he became the youngest sitting governor in the United States. He is also Louisiana's first non-white governor since P. B. S. Pinchback served for thirty-five days during Reconstruction, and the first non-white governor to be elected (Pinchback succeeded to the position of Lieutenant Governor on the death of Oscar Dunn, then to Governor upon the impeachment of Henry Clay Warmoth).[33] Additionally, Jindal became the first Indian American to be elected governor of any state in the United States.[34][35] In 2008, Jindal was ranked one of the nation's most popular governors with an approval rating of 77%.[36][37]

One of Jindal's first appointments was that of Mike Edmonson as superintendent of the Louisiana State Police. Edmonson had been for twenty preceding years the bodyguard and confidant of LSU Tigers football coaches. Edmonson was also the deputy secretary of the Department of Public Safety, an agency with more than 2,900 employees and a budget of nearly $500 million.[38] In 2014, Jindal was compelled to urge repeal of a state law that he had earlier signed which provided enhanced retirement benefits to Edmonson and, inadvertently, to one other state trooper. Jindal said that he was unaware that the legislation, called in the media the "Edmonson Act," applied only to two persons. He urged the legislature to rewrite the law.[39]Thereafter, Janice Clark, a state district court judge in Baton Rouge, declared that portion of the law enhancing the retirement benefits of Edmonson to be unconstitutional.[40][undue weight? ]

On June 27, 2008, Louisiana's Secretary of State confirmed that a recall petition had been filed against Governor Jindal in response to Jindal's refusal to veto a bill that would have more than doubled the current state legislative pay. During his gubernatorial campaign, Jindal had pledged to prevent legislative pay raises that would take effect during the current term.[41][42] Jindal responded by saying that he is opposed to the pay increase but that he had pledged to let the legislature govern themselves.[43] On June 30, 2008, Governor Jindal reversed his earlier position by vetoing the pay raise legislation, stating that he made a mistake by staying out of the pay raise issue. In response, the petitioners dropped their recall effort.[44]

The Standard and Poor's raised Louisiana's bond rating and credit outlook from stable to positive in 2009. In announcing this change, the organization gave credit to the state's strong management and "commitment to streamlining its government functions."[45] Jindal met with President Barack Obama in October 2009 where the governor pushed for increased federal dollars to cover rising Medicaid costs, speeding the construction of hurricane-protection barriers, and financing the proposed Louisiana State University teaching hospital. During a town hall meeting, Obama praised Jindal as a "hard working man who is doing a good job" for the State, and expressed support for the Governor's overhaul of the State's educational system in the area of increased charter schools.[46]

Louisiana state government watchdog C.B. Forgotston, former counsel to the House Appropriations Committee who supported Jindal's election in 2007, has expressed disappointment with the governor in regard to the legislative pay raise and other fiscal issues. Forgotston, said he would grade Jindal an A+ in public relations and a D in fiscal performance in office.[47]

Jindal negotiated an agreement whereby Foster Farms, a private chicken processor, would receive $50 million in taxpayer funds to purchase a chicken processing plant owned by bankrupt Pilgrim's Pride.[48] Some have argued that there is a conflict of interest in that Pilgrim's Pride founder Lonnie "Bo" Pilgrim contributed $2500 to Jindal's campaign in 2007.[49] Other contributors to Jindal's campaign who benefited from economic development spending include Albemarle and Edison Chouest Offshore.[49] Jindal however released a statement saying that this legislation saved over 1,000 jobs, serves as a stimulus to Louisiana's economy, and had wide bipartisan support.[50]

Hurricane Gustav[edit]

Then President George W. Bush and Governor Bobby Jindal greeting EOC employees, during disaster recovery efforts for Hurricane Gustav, September 2008

Jindal oversaw one of the largest evacuations in U.S. history (nearly two million people) in late August 2008 prior to the Louisiana landfall of Hurricane Gustav.[51] He issued mandatory evacuation orders for the state's coastal areas and activated 3,000 National Guardsman to aid in the exodus. He also ordered the state to purchase generators to provide needed power to hospitals and nursing homes without power. Government officials vacated hospitals and nursing homes and put the poor, the ill, and the elderly on buses and trains out of town. The evacuation was credited as one reason that Gustav only resulted in 16 deaths in the U.S. The state's successful response to Hurricane Gustav was in stark contrast to the failed hurricane response system for Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Jindal received bipartisan praise for his leadership during Gustav.[52][53] Jindal had been scheduled to address the Republican National Convention, but cancelled his plans to focus on Louisiana's needs during the storm.[54]

Speculation over vice presidential nomination[edit]

Jindal in June 2008, at a John McCain campaign event in Kenner, Louisiana

On February 8, 2008, conservative radio host Rush Limbaugh mentioned on his syndicated show that Jindal could be a possible choice for the Republican vice presidential nomination in 2008. He said that Jindal might be perceived as an asset to John McCain's campaign because he has wide support in the conservative and moderate wings of the Republican Party and his youth offsets McCain's age. If McCain had won the presidency, he would have been the oldest president ever inaugurated to a first term.[55] Heightening the speculation, McCain invited Jindal, Gov. Charlie Crist of Florida, Gov. Tim Pawlenty of Minnesota and McCain's former rivals Mitt Romney and Mike Huckabee to meet at McCain's home in Arizona on May 23, 2008, according to a Republican familiar with the decision; Romney, Huckabee, and Pawlenty, all of whom were already well acquainted with McCain, declined because of prior commitments.[56] The meeting may have served a different purpose, such as consideration of Jindal for the opportunity to speak at the 2008 Republican National Convention, in a similar fashion to Barack Obama at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, cementing a place for him in the party and opening the gate for a future run for the presidency.[57] Speculation was fueled by simultaneous July 21, 2008, reports that McCain was making a sudden visit to Louisiana to confer again with Jindal and that McCain was readying to name his running mate within a week. However, on July 23, 2008, Jindal said that he would not be the Republican vice presidential nominee in 2008.[58] Jindal added that he "never talked to the senator [McCain] about the vice presidency or his thoughts on selecting the vice president."[58] Ultimately, on August 29, 2008, McCain chose then-Governor Sarah Palin of Alaska as his running mate. While Jindal was given a prime time speech slot at the party convention, he was not offered the keynote speech. During the presidential campaign, Jindal expressed admiration for both Senators McCain and Obama, and maintained that both have made positive contributions to the nation.[59]

Republican response to President Obama's address to Congress[edit]

On February 24, 2009, Jindal delivered the official Republican response to President Obama's address to a joint session of Congress. Jindal called the president's economic stimulus plan "irresponsible" and argued against government intervention.[60] He used Hurricane Katrina to warn against government solutions to the economic crisis. "Today in Washington, some are promising that government will rescue us from the economic storms raging all around us," Jindal said. "Those of us who lived through Hurricane Katrina, we have our doubts." He praised the late sheriff Harry Lee for standing up to the government during Katrina.[61][62] The speech met with biting reviews from some members of both the Democratic and the Republican parties. Referring to Jindal as "devoid of substantive ideas for governing the country", political commentator Rachel Maddow summarized Jindal's Katrina remark as follows: "[Jindal states that] since government failed during Hurricane Katrina, we should understand, not that government should not be allowed to fail again, but that government...never works. That government can't work, and therefore we should stop seeking a functioning government."[63] David Johnson, a Republican political strategist criticized Jindal's mention of Hurricane Katrina, stating "The one thing Republicans want to forget is Katrina."[64] While Jindal's speech was poorly received by several Democratic and Republican critics, others argued that the speech should be judged on substance rather than delivery style.[65][66]

Jindal's story of meeting Lee in the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina was questioned following the speech, as Jindal was not in New Orleans at the time.[67] On February 27, 2009, a spokesman for Jindal clarified the timing of the meeting, stating that the story took place days after the storm.[68] The opportunity to give the response speech to the very popular President Obama was compared by some commentators to winning "second prize in a beauty contest," a reference to the board game Monopoly.[69]

2011 re-election campaign[edit]

U.S. President Barack Obama talks with Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal and U.S. Coast Guard Commandant Admiral Thad Allen in May 2010.

Jindal ran against four Democrats, a Libertarian and four independents. Jindal received 66% of the vote in the first round, thereby winning election in the first round.[70]

Second term[edit]

In August 2011, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) awarded Jindal the Thomas Jefferson Freedom Award for "outstanding public service".[71][unreliable source?]

On October 25, 2011, in preparing for his second term, Jindal tapped Republican State Representative Chuck Kleckley of Lake Charles[72] and State Senator John Alario of Westwego as his choices for Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives and Louisiana Senate President, respectively. Lawmakers routinely approved the governor's choices for the two leadership positions. Alario is a long-term Democrat who switched parties prior to the 2011 elections.[73] Jindal in January 2012 elevated John C. White, the short-term superintendent at the Recovery School District in New Orleans, to the position of state superintendent of education.[74]

In July 2013, Jindal declared a statewide state of emergency due to the threat of subsidence and subsurface instability that threatens the lives and property of the citizens of the state.[75]

Tax system proposals[edit]

In January 2013, Jindal released a plan that would eliminate the Louisiana state income tax, which he felt would expand business investment in the state, and then raise sales taxes in order to keep the plan revenue-neutral.[76] Self-styled taxpayer watchdog and former legislative aide C.B. Forgotston correctly predicted that Jindal's plan would fail to clear the legislature because of the higher sales taxes, the lack of needed support from Democrats, and the likelihood that the plan would not increase overall state revenues.[77]

On April 8, 2013, the first day of the legislative session, Jindal dropped the plan after acknowledging some negative response to the plan from legislators and the public, but said he would still like the legislature to formulate their own plan that could end the state income tax.[78]

Energy Plan[edit]

Governor announced in September 2014 six-point energy platform that would, among other things, open up energy production on federal land and eliminated proposed carbon restrictions.[79]

National politics[edit]

Speculation about 2012[edit]

Jindal had been mentioned as a potential candidate for the 2012 presidential election. On December 10, 2008, Jindal indicated that he would likely not run for president in 2012, saying he will focus on his re-election in 2011 and that this would make transitioning to a national campaign difficult, though he later attempted to leave himself open to the opportunity to change his mind in the future – he did not rule out a possible 2012 presidential bid.[80] Speculation increased when Republicans chose Jindal to deliver the response to President Obama's first address to a joint session of Congress.[81]

The Jindal for President Draft Council Inc. PAC was formed in 2009 to raise funds for a future presidential run. Jindal states that he has no involvement with the PAC.[82]

Decision not to run and involvement in 2012 election[edit]

In April 2010, while speaking at the Southern Republican Leadership Conference, Jindal ruled out running for President in 2012.[83]

In 2012, Jindal at first supported his gubernatorial colleague, Rick Perry of Texas. Thereafter, he traveled across the country in support of the Mitt Romney-Paul Ryan ticket. Because Louisiana and other Deep South states voted heavily for the GOP, Jindal could hence devote his campaign time elsewhere. In August 2012, Politico reported that "Bobby Jindal would be considered [for] and would likely take" appointment as United States Secretary of Health and Human Services in a potential Romney cabinet.[84]

After the defeat of Romney-Ryan, Jindal called for his party to return to "the basics... If we want people to like us, we have to like them first," he said on the interview program Fox News Sunday.[85] As the incoming president of the Republican Governors Association, which will have thirty members in 2013, Jindal questioned Romney for having criticized President Obama as having provided "extraordinary financial gifts from the government".[85] In reply to Romney, Jindal said, "You don't start to like people by insulting them and saying their votes were bought."[85] Jindal said that his party must convince a majority of voters that it supports the middle class and the principle of upward mobility. He also criticized what he termed "stupid" remarks regarding rape and conception made in 2012 by defeated Republican U.S. Senate nominees Todd Akin in Missouri and Richard Mourdock in Indiana.[85]

Speculation about 2016[edit]

Governor Jindal speaking at the 2014 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland.

In November 2012, after the election, Jindal was featured in Time's magazine article titled "2016: Let's Get The Party Started" where he was listed as a possible Republican candidate for the 2016 Presidency. The article cited his fiscal and social conservative policies and his Indian American background, which would bring diversity to the GOP.[86]

In 2013, with polls showing Jindal's approval ratings in Louisiana falling significantly,[87] some analysts wrote off Jindal as a serious national contender,[88] though others pointed to Romney as an example of someone who still won the Presidential nomination despite poor approval ratings from his home state.[89]

In October 2013, Jindal told Fox News Sunday that he was still mulling a 2016 presidential run.[90]

A Southern Medical & Opinion Research Inc. poll, released May 13, 2014, showed a large jump in Jindal's year-on-year approval ratings by Louisiana voters, giving him a "positive job performance rating by 48 percent of Louisiana voters, up 11 percent from one year ago," according to the Times-Picayune.[91]

Political positions[edit]

Abortion and stem cell research[edit]

Jindal has a 100% pro-life voting record according to the National Right to Life Committee.[92] He opposes abortion in general, but does not condemn medical procedures aimed at saving the life of the mother that indirectly result in the loss of the unborn child, such as salpingectomy for an ectopic pregnancy.[93][94][95][96][97] In 2003, Jindal stated that he does not object to the use of emergency contraception in the case of rape if the victim requests it.[94] While in the House of Representatives, he supported two bills to prohibit transporting minors across state lines to obtain an abortion; the bills aimed to prevent doctors and others from helping a minor avoid parental notification laws in their home state by procuring an abortion in another state.[92] He opposes and has voted against expanding public funding of embryonic stem cell research.[92][98]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

Jindal opposes the legalization of same-sex marriage. In Congress, he has voted for the Federal Marriage Amendment to restrict marriage to a union between one man and one woman. He also voted against the Local Law Enforcement Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2007.[99] In December 2008, Jindal announced the formation of the Louisiana Commission on Marriage and Family,[100] Following the 2013 Supreme Court's rulings on DOMA and Proposition 8, he said: "I believe every child deserves a mom and a dad. This opinion leaves the matter of marriage to the states where people can decide. In Louisiana, we will opt for traditional marriage. How about we let the people decide for themselves, via their representatives and via referendum?"[101]

Government ethics and corruption[edit]

He has vetoed state legislation to increase pay for state legislators.[102][103] However, the Louisiana Governor's office has been ranked last for transparency in the United States both prior to Jindal's election and since, as reported by the WDSU I-Team. Some legislators attribute the current ranking to legislation removing the governor's records from the public domain. State Representatives Walker Hines and Neil Abramson say the legislation was surreptitiously inserted as a last-minute amendment into an education bill by Jindal's office on the last day of the 2008 session, providing no time to properly review it before it passed the legislature and was signed into law by Jindal.[104]

Gun rights[edit]

Jindal has stated his support of the Second Amendment's right to bear arms. He has opposed efforts to restrict gun rights and has received an endorsement from the National Rifle Association.[105] Jindal earned an A rating from Gun Owners of America[106] while he was in Congress.

As a Congressman, he sponsored Disaster Recovery Personal Protection Act of 2006 with Senator Vitter.

Tax policy[edit]

As a private citizen, Jindal voted in 2002 for the Louisiana constitutional amendment known as the Stelly Plan[107] which lowered some sales taxes in exchange for higher income taxes. Since taking office, Governor Jindal has cut taxes a total of six times, including the largest income tax cut in Louisiana's history – a cut of $1.1 billion over five years, along with accelerating the elimination of the tax on business investments.[108] In January 2013, Jindal stated he wants to eliminate all Louisiana corporate and personal income taxes, without giving details for his proposal.[109]

Education[edit]

In 2008, Jindal came out in favor of the Common Core State Standards Initiative,[110] which Louisiana adopted in 2010.[111] In 2014 Jindal wrote that "It has become fashionable in the news media to believe there is a right-wing conspiracy against Common Core."[112]

Jindal has proposed budgets that impose cuts on higher education funding in Louisiana, leading to protests from students and education advocates.[113] Jindal has proposed several controversial education reforms, including vouchers for low income students in public schools to attend private institutions using Minimum Foundation Program funds.[114] The legislation also includes controversial changes in teacher evaluations, tenure and pensions. Hundreds of teachers, administrators and public education supporters have protested against the legislation at the capital of Louisiana,[115] some of whom have canceled classes to attend demonstrations. Many participants have begun circulating petitions to recall Jindal and Republican House Speaker Chuck Kleckley.[116] In April 2012, a Louisiana Public Broadcasting program examined possible conflicts between aspects of the Jindal education reform plan and the federal desegregation orders still in place in many parts of Louisiana .[117]

Evolution[edit]

Jindal signed a law that permits teachers at public schools to supplement standard evolutionary curricula with analysis and critiques that may include intelligent design.[118] The law forbids "the promotion of any religious doctrine and will not discriminate against religion or non-religion." Louisiana ACLU Director Marjorie Esman says that if the act is utilized as written, it is on firm constitutional footing, but there is strong potential for abuse,[119] stating that the Act is "susceptible to a constitutional challenge."[120] Despite calls for a veto from groups such as National Review, and some of Jindal's genetics professors at Brown University,[121] Jindal signed the Louisiana Academic Freedom Act which passed with a vote of 94–3 in the State House and 35-0 in the State Senate in 2008.

The Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology rejected New Orleans as a site for their 2010 meeting and the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology will not conduct future meetings in Louisiana.[122][123]

Civil liberties[edit]

Gov. Bobby Jindal signs a Five-Star Statement of Support for Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve at Camp Beauregard on October 14. The document signing was an opportunity to join employers from across the country in supporting Soldiers, October 2008

Jindal opposes the Fairness Doctrine on the grounds that it is a violation of the Constitution's guarantee of free speech and vowed protection of property rights. Jindal voted to extend the PATRIOT Act, voted in favor of the Military Commissions Act of 2006, supported a constitutional amendment banning flag burning,[124] and voted for the Real ID Act of 2005.[125] In the 2009 legislative session, Jindal expressed support for a bill by State Representative James H. "Jim" Morris of Oil City, which would permit motorcyclists to choose whether or not to wear a helmet. Morris' bill easily passed the House but was blocked in the Senate Health Committee.[126]

Illegal immigration[edit]

As a son of immigrants, Jindal has stated that legal immigration brings many benefits to the United States. He has, however, criticized illegal immigration as a drain on the economy, as well as being unfair to those who entered the country by legal means. He has voted to build a fence along the Mexican border and opposes granting amnesty for illegal aliens.[103][127]

Health care[edit]

Jindal supports increased health insurance portability, laws promoting coverage of pre-existing medical conditions, a cap on malpractice lawsuits, an easing of restrictions on importation of prescription medications, the implementation of a streamlined electronic medical records system, an emphasis on preventative care rather than emergency room care, and tax benefits aimed at making health insurance more affordable for the uninsured and targeted to promote universal access. Since Governor Jindal has taken office, over 11,000 uninsured children have been added to the State's Children's Health Insurance Program. He opposes a federal government-run, single-payer system, but supports state efforts to reduce the uninsured population.[128] He has also supported expanding services for autistic children, and has promoted a national childhood cancer database.[103] In collaboration with Health Secretary Alan Levine, Governor Jindal has drafted the Louisiana Health First Initiative. This plan focuses on expanding health insurance coverage for the state's indigent population, increasing Medicaid choice, reducing fraud, authorizing funding of a new charity hospital, and increasing transparency in Medicaid by making performance measures available over the internet.[129] Jindal supports co-payments in Medicaid.[130] Due to a congressional reduction in federal Medicaid financing rates, the Jindal administration chose to levy the largest slice of cuts on the network of LSU charity hospitals and clinics, requiring some facilities to close.[131]

Environmental issues and offshore drilling[edit]

Governor Bobby Jindal talks to residents of Krotz Springs, LA, during the 2011 flooding of the Mississippi River

Governor Jindal has issued an executive order increasing office recycling programs, reducing solid waste and promoting paperless practices, offering tax credit for hybrid fuel vehicles, increasing average fuel economy goals by 2010, as well as increasing energy efficiency goals and standards for the state.[132] He has stated his opposition to and voted for the criminalization of oil cartels such as OPEC. As a representative in the House, he supported a $300 million bill to fund Louisiana coastal restoration. In addition, he was the chief sponsor of successful legislation to expand the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park by over 3,000 acres (12 km2).[103][133] Jindal signed bill SB 469 that would limit actions aimed at oil and gas companies operating along the coast.[134] [135] Jindal has pledged state support for the development of economically friendly cars in northeastern Louisiana in conjunction with alternative energy advocate T. Boone Pickens.[136] Jindal voted to censure a website which promoted the controversial Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository.

Earmarks[edit]

In 2007, Jindal led the Louisiana House delegation and ranked 14th among House members in requested earmark funding at nearly $97 million (however in over 99% of these requests, Jindal was a co-sponsor and not the primary initiator of the earmark legislation).[137][138] $5 million of Jindal's earmark requests were for state defense and indigent healthcare related expenditures, another $50 million was for increasing the safety of Louisiana's waterways and levees after breaches following Hurricane Katrina, and the remainder was targeted towards coastal restoration and alternative energy research.[139][140] As Governor in 2008, Jindal used his line item veto to strike $16 million in earmarks from the state budget but declined to veto $30 million in legislator-added spending. Jindal vetoed over 250 earmarks in the 2008 state budget, twice the total number of such vetoes by previous governors in the preceding 12 years.[141]

Opposition to Recovery Act[edit]

Jindal has been an opponent of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Citing concerns that the augmentation of unemployment insurance may obligate the state to raise taxes on businesses, Jindal had indicated his intention to forgo federal stimulus plan funds ($98 million) aimed at increasing unemployment insurance for Louisiana.[142] Louisiana has since been obligated to raise taxes on businesses because the unemployment trust fund had dropped below the prescribed threshold.[143] Louisiana was set to receive about $3.8 billion overall. Jindal intends to accept at least $2.4 billion from the stimulus package.[144] He called parts of the plan "irresponsible", saying that "the way to lead is not to raise taxes and put more money and power in hands of Washington politicians."[145]

Personal life[edit]

Jindal was raised in a Hindu household, but he converted to Christianity while in Baton Rouge Magnet High School. During his first year at Brown University, he was received into the Roman Catholic Church. His family attends weekly Mass at Saint Aloysius Parish in Baton Rouge.[33]

Bobby and Supriya Jolly Jindal meet with then-President George W. Bush.

Jindal's father, Amar Jindal, received a Bachelor of Science degree in Civil Engineering from Guru Nanak Dev University.[146][147] Jindal's mother, Raj (Pal) Jindal,[146] is an information technology director for the Louisiana Workforce Commission (formerly the Louisiana Department of Labor) and served as Assistant Secretary to former State Labor Secretary Garey Forster during the administration of Governor Murphy J. "Mike" Foster, Jr.[148] Prior to immigrating to the United States, both his parents were lecturers at an Indian engineering college.[149] According to Jindal, his mother was already four months pregnant with him when they arrived from India.[150] Jindal has a younger brother, Nikesh, who is a registered Republican and supported his brother's campaign for governor.[151][152] Nikesh went to Dartmouth College, where he graduated with honors, and then Yale Law School. Nikesh is now a lawyer in Washington, D.C.[147]

Jindal's nickname dates to his childhood identification with an ABC sitcom character. He has said, "Every day after school, I'd come home and I'd watch The Brady Bunch. And I identified with Bobby, you know? He was about my age, and 'Bobby' stuck."[153] He has been known by his nickname ever since, though his legal name remains Piyush Jindal.[154]

In 1997, Jindal married Supriya Jolly who was born in New Delhi, India and moved to Baton Rouge with her parents when she was four years old.[155] They attended the same high school, but Supriya's family moved from Baton Rouge to New Orleans after her freshman year and they did not begin dating until later, when Jindal invited her to a Mardi Gras party after another friend had canceled. Supriya Jindal earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering and an M.B.A. degree from Tulane University.[156] She is working on a PhD in marketing at Louisiana State University.[157] She created The Supriya Jindal Foundation for Louisiana's Children, a non-profit organization aimed at improving math and science education in grade schools.[158] They have three children: Selia Elizabeth, Shaan Robert, and Slade Ryan. Shaan was born with a congenital heart defect and had surgery as an infant. The Jindals have been outspoken advocates for children with congenital defects, particularly those without insurance. In 2006, Jindal and his wife delivered their third child at home. Barely able to call 911 before the delivery, Jindal received medical coaching by phone to deliver their eight-pound, 2.5-ounce boy.[159]

Writings[edit]

A list of Jindal's published writings up to 2001 can be found in the hearing report for his 2001 U.S. Senate confirmation.[160] They include newspaper columns, law review articles, and first authorships in several scientific and policy articles that have appeared in the prominent Journal of the American Medical Association, Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Association, and Hospital Outlook.[161]

Jindal's pre-2001 writings include several articles in the New Oxford Review, one of which later made news during his 2003 gubernatorial race.[162] In that 1994 article titled "Physical Dimensions of Spiritual Warfare", Jindal described the events leading up to an apparent exorcism of a friend and how he felt unable to help her at the time. However, Jindal questioned whether what he saw was actually an example of "spiritual warfare".[163]

In November 2010, Jindal published the book Leadership and Crisis, a semi-autobiography significantly influenced by the Governor's experiences with the most recent Gulf Oil Spill.

Electoral history[edit]

Governor of Louisiana, 2003
Threshold > 50%
First Ballot, October 4, 2003
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Bobby Jindal Republican 443,389 (33%) Runoff
Kathleen Blanco Democratic 250,136 (18%) Runoff
Richard Ieyoub Democratic 223,513 (16%) Defeated
Claude "Buddy" Leach Democratic 187,872 (14%) Defeated
Others n.a. 257,614 (19%) Defeated
Second Ballot, November 15, 2003
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Kathleen Blanco Democratic 731,358 (52%) Elected
Bobby Jindal Republican 676,484 (48%) Defeated
U.S. Representative, 1st Congressional District, 2004
Threshold > 50%
First Ballot, November 2, 2004
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Bobby Jindal Republican 225,708 (78%) Elected
Roy Armstrong Democratic 19,266 (7%) Defeated
Others n.a. 42,923 (15%) Defeated
U.S. Representative, 1st Congressional District, 2006
Threshold > 50%
First Ballot, November 7, 2006
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Bobby Jindal Republican 130,508 (88%) Elected
David Gereighty Democratic 10,919 (7%) Defeated
Others n.a. 6,701 (5%) Defeated
Governor of Louisiana, 2007
Threshold > 50%
First Ballot, October 20, 2007
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Bobby Jindal Republican 699,672 (54%) Elected
Walter Boasso Democratic 226,364 (17%) Defeated
John Georges Independent 186,800 (14%) Defeated
Foster Campbell Democratic 161,425 (12%) Defeated
Others n.a. 23,682 (3%) Defeated
Governor of Louisiana, 2011
Threshold > 50%
First Ballot, October 22, 2011
Candidate Affiliation Support Outcome
Bobby Jindal Republican 672,950 (66%) Elected
Tara Hollis Democratic 182,755 (18%) Defeated
Cary J. Deaton Democratic 49,988 (5%) Defeated
Ivo "Trey" Roberts Democratic 33,194 (3%) Defeated

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External links[edit]

Congress
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
David Vitter
Member of the House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st congressional district

2005–2008
Succeeded by
Steve Scalise
Political offices
Preceded by
Kathleen Blanco
Governor of Louisiana
January 14, 2008–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Louisiana
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Kasich
as Governor of Ohio
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Louisiana
Succeeded by
Mike Pence
as Governor of Indiana