Boca Juniors

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Boca Juniors
Boca Juniors 2012.svg
Full name Club Atlético Boca Juniors
Nickname(s) Xeneizes (Genoese), Bosteros, Azul y Oro (Blue and Gold), La Mitad más Uno (Half plus One)
Founded 3 April 1905; 109 years ago (1905-04-03)
Ground Estadio Alberto J. Armando
(La Bombonera)
,
La Boca, Buenos Aires
Ground Capacity 49,000
Chairman Daniel Angelici
Manager Rodolfo Arruabarrena
League Primera División
2014 Final 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season

Club Atlético Boca Juniors (Spanish pronunciation: [kluβ aˈðletiko ˈβoka ˈʝunjors]) is an Argentine sports club based in the La Boca neighbourhood of Buenos Aires. Although many activities are hosted by the club, Boca Juniors is mostly known for its professional football team, which since it was promoted in 1913, has always played in the Argentine Primera División.[1]

Boca Juniors is the most successful football team of Argentina, and one of the most successful in the world, having won more than 50 official titles to date, including its most recent championship, the 2011 Copa Argentina. Domestic titles won by Boca Juniors include 30 Primera División championships,[2][3][4] two Copa Argentina, two Copa de Competencia Jockey Club, 5 Copa Dr. Carlos Ibarguren and one Copa Estímulo (AAF), among other titles.[2][3][5] Internationally, the team has won 18 international titles,[6][7] first in the world for number of international titles won, a World Record shared with A.C. Milan although Boca also won two international titles during the amateur era, the Tie Cup in 1919[8] and the Copa de Honor Cousenier in 1920,[9] those tournaments created before CONMEBOL was established. Boca Juniors' international trophy haul includes six Copa Libertadores,[10] 4 Recopa Sudamericana, three Intercontinental Cups,[11] 2 Copa Sudamericana, 1 Copa Oro, 1 Supercopa Sudamericana, 1 Supercopa Masters, one Tie Cup and one Copa de Honor Cousenier. Boca Juniors is also one of only eight teams to have won CONMEBOL's treble (the others being Olimpia, São Paulo, Independiente, Vélez Sársfield, Cruzeiro, Internacional and LDU Quito). Their success usually has Boca ranked among the IFFHS's Club World Ranking Top 25, which they have reached the top position six times (mostly during the coaching tenure of Carlos Bianchi).[12] Boca was also named by the IFFHS as the top South American club of the first decade of the 21st century (2001–2010).[13] Boca is currently ranked 6th.

The club was founded on 3 April 1905 by five Italian immigrants. Boca has always had a fierce rivalry with River Plate, due to both clubs were established in La Boca. Matches between the two clubs are known as the Superclásico and are one of the most heated rivalries in Argentina and the world as both clubs are the two most popular in the country. Boca's home stadium is Estadio Alberto J. Armando, which is colloquially known as La Bombonera. The youth academy has produced many Argentine internationals such as Sebastián Battaglia, Nicolás Burdisso, Carlos Tevez, Éver Banega, and Fernando Gago, who have played or are playing for top European clubs.

In addition to football, Boca Juniors also has professional basketball and volleyball teams. Other (amateur) activities held in the club are: athletics, futsal, artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, martial arts (judo, karate and taekwondo), swimming, weightlifting and wrestling.[14]

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

The first recorded photo of Boca Juniors taken in 1906, after winning the Copa Reformista.

On 3 April 1905, five Italian boys (more specifically from Genoa) met in order to found a club. The house where the meeting was arranged was Esteban Baglietto's and the other four people who attended were Alfredo Scarpatti, Santiago Sana and brothers Juan and Teodoro Farenga.[15][16]

Baglietto, Sana and Scarpatti had received football lessons by Patrick (Paddy) McCarthy[17][18] an Irish footballer and boxer arrived to Argentina in 1900 who taught the sport techniques to immigrants' children, as an appointed member of the sports municipal committee in Buenos Aires.[19] [a]

After some hours of discussions Baglietto's father threw the boys out of the house and they had to continue with the project in the Plaza Solís, which is recognized today as the place where Boca Juniors was finally founded.[15][21]

Other important founders members include Arturo Penney, Marcelino Vergara, Luis Cerezo, Adolfo Taggio, Giovanelli, Donato Abbatángelo, Bertolini.[22] The use of English language in football team names was commonplace, as British railway workers had originally introduced association football into Argentina.[23]

Amateur era (1908–1930)[edit]

The 1908 Boca team, still using the jersey with the diagonal stripe which remained until 1913.

In 1908, the affiliation request sent by Boca (through Juan Farenga and Bartolomé Gariboldi) to the Argentine Football Association was denied. Boca Juniors' first stadium was located in the Isla Demarchi. Juan Brichetto was one of the many fans who donated money to finish the construction.

Boca Juniors debut as part of the Association was in the Segunda de Ascenso division, playing a match against Club Belgrano that Boca won 3–1. The squad finished in first place (among eight teams) and qualified for the next stage, the semifinals, which Boca played against Racing Club: Boca was defeated 1–0 and was eliminated.

The 1908 team roster was: De Los Santos, Vergara, Cerezo, Ryan, A. Penney, Priano, Penney, Moltedo, Pratt, J. Farenga, Eloiso and Pastor. That year Boca played the Copa Bullrich and was eliminated after being defeated by Atlanta 5–0.

Boca Juniors team of 1911, when it played in the second division.

In 1910 Boca plays the semifinals against Racing Club and lost by 2–1, also losing not only the match but the promotion to Argentine Primera División. The team roster was formed by Bellocq, Cerezo, Garibaldi, Piralini, Vergara, Bonatti, Spinelli, Arturo Penney, Pastor, Taggino, Giovanelli and Moltedo. The following year, Boca is eliminated in the first round, despite having the same squad as in 1910.

The 1911 team roster was: Ramón Lamique, Miguel Valentini, Emilio Bonatti, Luis Cerezo, Agustín Angoti, Máximo Pierallini, Juan Garibaldi, Lorenzo Etchart, Amílcar Spinelli, Francisco Taggino and Anapodito García.[24]

Promotion to Primera División[edit]

In 1913 Boca obtained the promotion to Primera División that the team had wanted for many years. This was possible when the Asociación Argentina de Fútbol decided to increase the number of teams in the league from 6 to 15.[25] The other teams that went to Primera were Ferro Carril Oeste, Platense, Banfield, Olivos, Comercio, Ferro Carril Sud and Riachuelo. Boca Juniors' roster was: Virtú Bidone, Garibaldi, Lamelas, Martínez, Elena, Valentini, P. Calomino, González, Leal, Taggino, Abbatángelo, Bruzzan, Giraldi, Romano, Vergara and Bertolini.

The first title[edit]

The 1919 team posing with all the trophies won that year.

On 20 January 1920, Boca Juniors reached its first championship (which belongs to the 1919 season).[26] after defeating Sportivo de Almagro by 4–0. The match was played in Boca stadium, located in Ministro Brin and Senquel streets. Boca Juniors line-up was: Tesoriere; Cortella, Ortega, López, Busso, Elli; Calomino, Bozzo, Garasini, Martín, Miranda. Miranda and Martín were the scorers of the match (2 goals each).[24] Boca Juniors obtained a new title the following year (corresponding to the 1920 season but played in 1921), after a victory of 2–0 against Banfield. The next championship achieved was in 1923 and it took 4 matches to decide which team (Boca or Huracán) would be the champion, so Boca won the first match but was defeated in the 2nd game; the 3rd match finished in a tie and a 4th game had to be played (at Sportivo Barracas stadium, on 27 April 1924), finally won by Boca 2–0 thus winning the title. Both goals were scored by Garasini.

Boca was the unbeaten champion of the 1924 season, winning 18 matches out of 19. The team finished with a total of 67 goals scored (an average of 3.52 per game) and only conceded 8.

European tour: "Champion of Honour"[edit]

A Boca Juniors line-up during the tour on Europe, where the squad won 15 of 19 matches played.

In 1925 Boca made its first trip to Europe to play with Spain, Germany and France among others. Boca played a total of 19 games, winning 15 of them. Some of the rivals defeated were Real Madrid, Celta de Vigo and Deportivo La Coruña. On 28 June 1926, in a meeting held at the Association Argentina de Football, Boca Juniors was declared "Campeón de Honor" (Champion of Honour) of 1925 season, and each member of the team received a commemorative medal. The players were: Tesoriere, Bidoglio, Mutis, Tarascone, Busso, Elli, Médici, Garasini, Antraygues, Cerroti, Pertini and Posso.[27]

Last titles in the amateurism[edit]

Boca Juniors won a new championship in 1926, having finished unbeaten (same as 1924 season) after 17 games played. Boca Juniors and Independiente were to play-off for the unified title following the unification of the two leagues (Asociación Argentina de Football and Asociación Amateurs de Football), but after their match (played on 20 February 1927) was halted due to a spectator invasion, and a replay on 3 March 1927, finished 0–0, no further match was played due to the start of the new season.[28]

The last amateur championship was obtained in 1930 (which ended on 22 March 1931) when Boca defeated Atlanta 4–1. This was the clubs' 6th title in the amateur era and the line-up that attended the match was: Mena, Bidoglio, Mutis; Moreyras, Pedemonte, P. Suárez; Penella, Kuko, Tarascone, Cherro, Alberino.

During the amateur era, Boca won a total of six championships (1919, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, and 1930).[29]

Professional era[edit]

The Beginnings[edit]

Boca Juniors in 1931, the first professional champion.

With the introduction of professional football in Argentina, Boca won its first title in 1931, defeating its main rival, River Plate by 3–0 in the last fixture. Boca scored 50 points, with a total of 22 victories, 6 draws and 6 losses.[30]

In 1934 Boca won its second professional title, although they lost 7 matches and conceded 62 goals. The key was in the power of the forwards, who scored 101 goals. Boca Juniors became the first team which scored more than 100 goals in the league. Boca won the league again in 1935, becoming the first successive champions of the professional era. The team also scored 100 goals and only conceded 29.

During the decade of the 1930s, some footballers such as Juan Yustrich (nicknamed "El Pez Volador"), Pedro Arico Suárez, Delfín Benítez Cáceres, Domingo Tarasconi, Roberto Cherro and Francisco Varallo were not only big stars but Boca Juniors great idols.

Decade of the 1940s[edit]

The 1940 champions.

Boca won 3 more titles in the 1940s, the same as the last decade. The first was obtained in the 1940 league, the same year that Boca Juniors Stadium was inaugurated. The key match was against Independiente, which Boca won 5–2 and proclaimed new champion. Boca won 24 games, drew 7 and lost 3.

In 1944 Boca would be (for the second time in its history) successive champion, after winning 3–0 its last match in River Plate stadium (because the Bombonera had been temporarily closed by hooliganism incidents). The record was 19 won, 8 draws and 3 losses. The line-up is still remembered as one of the greatest Boca all-time teams: Vacca, Marante, Valussi, Sosa, Lazzatti, Pescia, Boyé, Corcuera, Sarlanga, Varela, Sánchez.

In 1944 Boca remained unbeated for 26 consecutive matches, which was a record in the professional era until Racing broke this landmark when playing 39 matches without being defeated in 1966. The last fixture Boca won over Racing 3–0, again in River Stadium and Boca was proclaimed champion again.

On the other hand, Boca was near to being relegated to Segunda División in 1949 but could keep its place in Primera with a victory over Lanús in the last fixture.

The 1950s and the Glorious 1960s[edit]

The 1954 champion.

In 1954 Boca won its first title after nine unsuccessful years. The key match was against Huracán, which Boca won 3–1 obtaining the championship. The top scorer was José "Pepino" Borello (19 goals). Another outstanding player was Julio Musimessi, nicknamed "El arquero cantor" ("The singer goalkeeper").

Boca finished 8th in 1959 although the team won the two "Superclásicos" (5–1 and 3–2 after being behind 2–0).

On 9 December 1962, Boca won a legendary match defeating River Plate 1–0, with the highlight being goalkeeper Antonio Roma stopping a penalty shot by Delem when only 6 minutes were left till the end of the match. Boca finally won its first title of the decade in the next fixture with a great victory (4–0) over Estudiantes de La Plata, becoming new champion. During the 1960s, Boca Juniors won 5 championships.

The team that won the Torneo Nacional in 1969.

The following title obtained was in 1964, with Antonio Roma not conceding a goal for 742 minutes, and conceding only one goal in 14 matches. In 1965 Boca became successive champions for the 3rd time in the professional era. The key matches were the victory over River Plate (2–1) and Atlanta in the last fixture.

In the 1968 Metropolitano championship during a Superclásico that ended 0–0, seventy-one Boca Juniors supporters died after being squashed against an exit door at River Plate Stadium, which remained closed at the moment of the fans left the stadium. This is still remembered as The Tragedy of the Door No. 12 (La Tragedia de la Puerta 12).

In 1969 an official tournament named Copa Argentina was disputed. Teams included were those playing the Metropolitano and others outside Buenos Aires. Boca Juniors proclaimed champion after defeating Atlanta by goal average (the matches ended 3–1 and 0–1). Boca Juniors played a total of 10 matches, winning 7, with 1 draw and only 1 loss.

During the same year Boca played its last match of the Nacional championship visiting River Plate at the Monumental. The match ended 2–2 (Norberto Madurga scored twice) proclaiming Boca as the new champion. The Xeneizes totalized 29 points, winning 13, with 3 draws and only 1 defeat and were coached by Alfredo Di Stéfano.

1970s: the second "Golden Age"[edit]

In 1970 Boca won another title defeating Rosario Central in the final match of the Nacional tournament. In 1976 Juan Carlos Lorenzo arrived at the club. He would became one of the most successful coaches in the history of Boca Juniors, winning 5 official titles within 3 years. First of them was the 1976 Metropolitano, which Boca obtained after defeating Unión de Santa Fe 2–0.

The following tournament (1976 Nacional) Boca played a historic final match against River Plate, winning 1–0 through a free-kick goal scored by Rubén Suñé. That championship qualified Boca Juniors to play the 1977 Copa Libertadores, having reached the final match against Cruzeiro. After a victory 1–0 in Buenos Aires and a defeat in Belo Horizonte by the same score, it was necessary to play a third game, hosted in Montevideo where Boca finally obtained the Libertadores for the first time, after a dramatic penalty shoot-out where Hugo Gatti stopped the last shot by Brazilian player Vanderley.

The next title Boca won was the Intercontinental Cup, facing Borussia Mönchengladbach: the first match played in Buenos Aires ended 2–2 but Boca won the second game 3–0 in Karlsruhe, Germany and brought the trophy back to Argentina.

Boca Juniors obtained its second Copa Libertadores after defeating Deportivo Cali (coached by Carlos Bilardo) 4–0 in the Bombonera (the first match played in Colombia had finished 0–0).

1980s and 90s[edit]

During the decade of the 1980s Boca only won one title (in 1981). The highlight was the acquisition of the prodigious Diego Maradona, who came to the club along with Miguel Brindisi, Osvaldo Escudero, Marcelo Trobbiani and former player Silvio Marzolini as coach. Boca was proclaimed champion of the 1981 Metropolitano after an 1–1 against Racing Club. The Xeneize totalized 50 points, with 20 victories, 10 draws and 4 loses.

The following year, Boca then lost the young Maradona, who moved to Europe to play for FC Barcelona, owing also to Argentina's political problems. In 1984 Boca was near to a financial collapse, almost going bankrupt. The same year the team suffered their biggest defeat at the hands of FC Barcelona, losing 1–9 in a Joan Gamper Trophy match. Antonio Alegre was elected president and under his command Boca settled 153 lawsuits early in his tenure by mortgaging his business assets for US$250,000, and by lending Boca Juniors US$800,000. These and other measures enabled Alegre to recover the club's finances. Boca also sold the land acquired earlier for US$21 million. The club's improved finances led to its revival, and Boca emerged victorious in a number of coveted tournaments in subsequent years, including the 1989 Supercopa Sudamericana, the 1990 Recopa Sudamericana, the 1992 Torneo Apertura, the Copa Master of 1992, and the Copa de Oro Nicolás Leoz in 1992.

The Bianchi era: another Golden Age[edit]

Former Vélez Sársfield coach Carlos Bianchi arrived at the club in 1998 and under his command, the squad would achieve multiple local and international titles, breaking the record obtained with Juan Carlos Lorenzo in the 1970s. With Carlos Bianchi as coach, Boca won 9 titles.

The first title obtained was the 1998 Apertura, which Boca won being undefeated for the first time. Martín Palermo was the top scorer with 20 goals in 19 matches played. Boca later won a new championship in the 1999 Clausura becoming successive champions. The team remained undefeated in 40 matches, breaking the record of 39 matches achieved by Racing Club in the 1960s. This mark is still a record in the professional era of Argentine football.

The year 2000 was the most successful for Boca Juniors. The team won the Copa Libertadores after 22 years without winning that trophy, defeating Palmeiras in the finals by penalty-shots after two matches ended in a draw (2–2 and 0–0). Goalkeeper Oscar Córdoba was the most notable player of the final disputed in São Paulo. As the new South America champion, Boca went to Tokyo to play the Intercontinental Cup final against Real Madrid, defeating the Merengue team 2–1 (goals by Palermo). The same year Boca won another local title, the Torneo Apertura, totaling 3 titles in 2000.

In 2001 Boca were Copa Libertadores champion again, defeating Cruz Azul in a penalty-shootout. Boca won 1–0 the first final match in Mexico and lost the second game in La Bombonera by the same score. Oscar Córdoba was the most notable player again.

Bianchi left the club in 2002 due to a conflict with the chairman Mauricio Macri, so Oscar Tabárez was chosen as his replacement beginning his second run as team's coach. Nevertheless, Bianchi would return the following year to take care of the team again. In 2003, Boca obtained a new title winning the Copa Libertadores for the 3rd time in 4 years. The most notable player of that tournament was Carlos Tevez while Marcelo Delgado was the top scorer with 9 goals. In the finals played against Santos FC, Boca won 2–0 in Buenos Aires and 3–1 in São Paulo. Boca Juniors completed another successful year winning the Intercontinental Cup against AC Milan by penalty-shot after a 1–1 draw. Matías Donnet, who tied the game in the 29th minute, was named the Man of the Match.

Boca reached another Copa Libertadores final in 2004, but lost to Once Caldas from Manizales, Colombia in PK's. Once the Cup was over, Bianchi resigned, finishing one of the most successful periods in the club history.

Basile's multi-champion team[edit]

After Bianchi's departure from the club, Miguel Brindisi (who had played for the club in the 1980s) was chosen as coach but he soon resigned at the end of the 2004 Apertura, when Boca finished 8th. The successor of Brindisi was Jorge Chino Benítez, another player for Boca in the 1970s and 1980s. Under his coaching Boca won the 2004 Copa Sudamericana defeating Club Bolívar in the finals.

In 2005 (the year of Boca's 100th anniversary) the Xeneize contested another edition of the Copa Libertadores, being eliminated by Chivas de Guadalajara. In that match, Benítez spat at the Chiva's player Adolfo Bautista, causing a melee which resulted in the referee abandoning the match. Due to this act, Benítez was immediately dismissed by the club. After Benítez's dismissal, Boca hired Alfio Basile as its coach.

With Basile as the coach, Boca won the Recopa Sudamericana (2005 edition), defeating Once Caldas, and the 2005 Copa Sudamericana, where the Xeneize won over Pumas from México by penalty-shots after two draws. Roberto Abbondanzieri was the MVP, stopping two shots and converting the decisive penalty kick. Boca would win two titles more: the 2005 Apertura and 2006 Clausura becoming successive champions of Argentine football. Boca Juniors also obtained the 2006 Recopa Sudamericana over São Paulo FC.

After the elimination of the Argentina national football team in the 2006 World Cup, Basile was called by the Argentine Football Association to take over and left the club under a successful run. Under the coaching of Basile, Boca Juniors won five titles within two years (2005–06).

2006–present[edit]

Ricardo Lavolpe was chosen to be the coach succeeding Basile. In the 2006 Apertura the team made a good campaign but at the end of the season finished with the same number of points as Estudiantes de La Plata, so both teams had to play a match in order to proclaim a new champion. Estudiantes defeated Boca 2–1 in Vélez Sársfield stadium and Lavolpe resigned as the coach.

The next coach was Miguel Ángel Russo and Juan Román Riquelme returned to the club. Boca Juniors won the 2007 Copa Libertadores defeating Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense in the finals (3–0 in Buenos Aires and 2–0 in Porto Alegre). Riquelme (who scored 8 goals) was considered to be the best player of the tournament by journalists and experts. As the South American champion, Boca went to Tokyo to dispute the FIFA Club World Cup but was defeated by AC Milan 4–2.

Carlos Ischia was appointed as coach after Russo's departure, obtaining the 2008 Recopa Sudamericana (against Arsenal de Sarandí). On the other hand, Boca was eliminated by Fluminense (which would be the runner up) in the 2008 Copa Libertadores semi-finals. At the end of that year Boca obtained a new title, the 2008 Apertura. That season ended with Boca, San Lorenzo and Tigre in equal 1st position so a play-off tournament had to be contested among those 3 teams in order to proclaim a new champion. Boca won that tournament and became new Argentine champion. That same season Boca's arch-rival River Plate finished the last for the first time in its history.

Boca finished 14th (over 19 teams) in the 2009 Clausura and Ischia was dismissed by the club (although the managers said he had resigned)[31][32] and Basile was called to start his second run as coach. Nevertheless, after finishing 11th in the 2009 Apertura, Basile left the club.

For the 2010 Clausura the team was coached firstly by Abel Alves and then by Roberto Pompei,[33] who were working with the youth teams when they were appointed to coach the first division team. Boca finished 16th so the club decided to hire Claudio Borghi[34] (who had won a title coaching Argentinos Juniors the last season) as team's new coach, but he left the club after 14 matches, due to the bad results obtained.[35] Roberto Pompei was designated to be the coach until the end of the Apertura.[36] Boca finished in 12th position.

In January 2011, Boca hired Julio Falcioni who had won a title coaching Banfield in 2009. The team did not have a good campaign in the Clausura, although Boca won the Superclásico (the last played before River was relegated to the second division) finishing 7th. In the last fixture (when Boca played against Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata) Martín Palermo, the all-time top scorer, retired.[37]

For the 2011 Apertura, Boca acquired goalkeeper Agustín Orión and veteran centre back Rolando Schiavi, who returned after his tenure at Newell's Old Boys. After three years without any achievements, Boca was proclaimed champion after remaining unbeaten at the end of the season, with 12 victories and 7 draws. The team also conceded the fewest goals (only 6 in 19 matches disputed) which set a record for short tournaments in Argentina (after Clausura and Apertura championships were established in 1991).[38][39][40]

In 2012, Boca reached the final of Copa Libertadores de America, but lost to Corinthians.

In 2013, it was confirmed that Carlos Bianchi, the most successful coach in Boca Juniors' history, would return to take care of the team again. On August 28, 2014, after 74 matches with only 45 percent effectiveness (26 wins and losses), having conceded 88 and scored 79 goals and without any championships, Bianchi was dismissed by the club.[41][42]

Kit and badge[edit]

According to the club's official site, the original jersey colour was a white shirt with thin black vertical stripes, being then replaced by a light blue shirt and then another striped jersey before adopting the definitive blue and gold.[43] Nevertheless, other version states that Boca Juniors' first jersey was pink, although it has been questioned by some journalists and historians who state that Boca, most probably, never wore a pink jersey, by pointing out the lack of any solid evidence and how this version stems from, and is only supported on, flawed testimonies.[44]

Legend has it that in 1906, Boca played Nottingham de Almagro. Both teams wore so similar shirts that the match was played to decide which team would get to keep it. Boca lost, and decided to adopt the colors of the flag of the first boat to sail into the port at La Boca. This proved to be the 4146 ton freighter "Drottning Sophia", a Swedish vessel sailing from Copenhagen. As a result, the yellow and blue of the Swedish flag were adopted as the new team colours.[45] The first version had a yellow diagonal band, which was later changed to a horizontal stripe.[43]

Kit evolution and rare models[edit]

First kit evolution[43]
1905 7
1905
1906–07 9
1907–13 5
1913–present
Rare models and special editions
1925 European tour
1963 away 1
1996–97 home 2
1998–99 home
1998 home 3
2000–01 home 4
2010 6
2013 8
2013-14 away
Notes:
  • 1 Worn as alternate jersey in a match versus Universidad de Chile (whose uniform was also blue) in the 1963 Copa Libertadores.[46]
  • 2 For the first time since 1913, two white stripes were added to the jersey.
  • 3 Designed exclusively for the 1998 Copa Mercosur.
  • 4 Designed exclusively for the 2000 and 2001 editions of Copa Mercosur.
  • 5 A similar jersey was worn just for 2 matches during the 2005 Torneo de Verano (Summer Tournament) in order to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the club.
  • 6 This model was worn just for 2 matches versus River Plate in the 2010 Torneo de Verano in order to commemorate the 105th anniversary of the club.
  • 7 A similar model was worn during the 2012 Torneo de Verano honoring this jersey.[47]
  • 8 Designed exclusively for the 2013 Torneo de Verano.[48][49]
  • 9 A similar model was used as the alternate kit in the 2006–07 season, 100 years after it was worn by the first time.

Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors[edit]

Some jerseys exhibited at The Passion for Boca Juniors Museum.
The first jerseys used by the team in the 1900s.
Period Kit Manufacturer Shirt Sponsors
1980–80 Adidas None
1983 Vinos Maravilla
1984 Dekalb
1985 None
1986–88 Fate
1989–92 FIAT
1992–95 Olan Parmalat
1995–96 Olan / Topper Quilmes
1996–01 Nike
2001–03 Pepsi
2003–04 Pepsi & Goodyear
2004–05 Red Megatone & Goodyear
2006 Megatone & Goodyear
2007–09 Megatone & Unicef
2009–11 LG & Total
2012–2014 BBVA & Total[50][51]
2014– BBVA & Citroën

Badge[edit]

The club has had five different designs for its badge during its history, although its outline has remained unchanged through most of its history. In 1955, laurel leaves were added to celebrate the club's 50th anniversary, and the colours were changed to match those on the team's jersey.[52] In 1970, one star was added to the badge for each title won[53] domestically (at the top, above the initials) and internationally (at the bottom). A new star is added to the corresponding section whenever Boca wins a title, currently standing at 52.

Stadium[edit]

View from the lateral side, third tier

Boca Juniors used several locations before settling on their current ground on Brandsen. Their first ground was in la Dársena Sur but it was vacated in 1907 as it failed to meet the minimum league requirements. They then used three grounds in the Isla Demarchi area between 1908 and 1912.[54] Between 1914 and 1915, the club moved away from La Boca for the only time in its history, moving to Wilde in the Avellaneda Partido of the Buenos Aires Province but a relatively poor season[55] and poor attendances in 1915 forced them to move back to La Boca.

On 25 May 1916, Boca opened their new stadium at the intersection of Calle Ministro Brin and Calle Senguel, playing there until 1924 when they moved to their current location on Calle Brandsen and Calle Del Crucero.

Building of Boca Juniors´ celebrated stadium began in 1938, under the supervision of Engineer José L.Delpini. Boca played their home matches in the Ferrocarril Oeste ground in Caballito until it was completed in 1940.[54] A third level was added in 1953, originating then its nickname La Bombonera ('The Chocolate Box').[56] The stand opposite the Casa Amarilla railway platforms remained mostly undeveloped until 1996, when it was upgraded with new balconies and quite expensive VIP boxes. Three sides of the Bombonera are thus made up of traditional sloping stadium stands, but the fourth side was built vertically, with several seating areas stacked one on top of the other,the only way that makes it satnd into the Club premises. La Bombonera is renowned for vibrating when fans start to jump in rhythm; in particular, the unique vertical side will sway slightly, leading to the phrase, "the Bombonera does not tremble. It beats." (La Bombonera no tiembla. Late.)[citation needed] thhus The Bombonera currently has a capacity of around 49,000. The club's popularity make tickets hard to come by, especially for the Superclasico game against River Plate.[57] There are further improvements planned for the stadium, including measures to ease crowd congestion, use of new technology and improved corporate facilities.[58]

  • Dársena Sud : 1908–12
  • Wilde : 1914–15
  • Brins y Sengüel : 1916–24
  • Brandsen : 1924–

Supporters[edit]

Barra bravas of Boca (popularly known as "La 12") in La Bombonera

Boca Juniors is traditionally regarded as the club of Argentina's working class, in contrast with the supposedly more upper-class base of cross-town arch rival Club Atlético River Plate.[59]

Boca Juniors claims to be the club of "half plus one" (la mitad más uno) of Argentina's population, but a 2006 survey placed its following at 40%,[60] still the largest share. They have the highest number of fans, as judged by percentage in their country.

The Boca-River Superclásico rivalry is one of the most thrilling derbies in the world.[61] Out of their 338 previous meetings, Boca have won 126, River have won 107 and there have been 105 draws.[62] After each match (except draws), street signs cover Buenos Aires at fans' own expense, "ribbing" the losing side with humorous posters. This has become part of Buenos Aires culture ever since a Boca winning streak in the 1990s.

In 1975, a film (La Raulito) was made about the life of Mary Esher Duffau, known as La Raulito, a well-known Boca Juniors fan. She died at the age of 74 on 30 April 2008, the same day Boca Juniors played a Copa Libertadores match against Brazilian club, Cruzeiro Esporte Clube with the players and fans observing a minute's silence in her memory.[63]

Nicknames[edit]

Boca fans are known as Los Xeneizes (the Genoese) after the Genoese immigrants who founded the team and lived in La Boca in the early 20th century.[64]

Many rival fans in Argentina refer to the Boca Juniors' fans as Los Bosteros (the manure handlers), originating from the horse manure used in the brick factory which occupied the ground where La Bombonera stands. Originally an insult used by rivals, Boca fans are now proud of it.[65]

Reflecting the team's colors, Boca's shirt is also called la azul y oro (the blue and gold).[66]

There is also a society which dedicates all of its activities to supporting the team known as la número 12 or la doce (player number doce or 12, meaning "the 12th player")[67] "La doce" is a criminal organization similar to other "barra brava" gangs associated with football clubs in Argentina.[68] Illegal activities by La doce include assault, drug sales and trafficking, extortion, and murder.[69] La doce finances it's activities by selling parking, reselling club tickets as well as extorting commission from the sale of players. La doce also extorts Boca Juniors for transportation to domestic and international events as well as their means of financing their activities. If their demands are not met they threaten violence at home matches or to take down club officials.[70]

The naming of "La 12″ (the twelfth player), by which Boca Juniors' fans became known, dates back to the year 1925, during the European tour they made that year. At that time, the team was accompanied by a Boca fan called Victoriano Caffarena, who belonged to a wealthy family and funded part of the tour. During that tour he helped the team in everything establishing a strong relationship with the players, so they named him "Player No. 12″. When they returned to Argentina, Caffarena was as well known as the players themselves. Nowadays, this nickname is used primarily to name their group of supporters, known as "La 12″.[71]

International[edit]

Peñas (fan clubs) exist in a number of Argentine cities and abroad in countries such as Russia, Ukraine,[72] Spain,[73] Israel[74] and Japan.[75]

Boca Juniors are particularly popular in Japan because of the club's success in recent years at the Intercontinental Cup held in Japan. All over the world, fans are drawn to Boca by the club's international titles, and by the success of Boca players who went on to play in European football such as Hugo Ibarra, Rodolfo Arruabarrena, Diego Cagna, Enzo Ferrero, Roberto Abbondanzieri, Nicolás Burdisso, Fernando Gago, Diego Maradona, Claudio Caniggia, Gabriel Batistuta, Juan Román Riquelme and Carlos Tevez.[citation needed]

Boca have fans throughout Latin America and also in parts of the United States where there has been Latin immigration and where in July 2007, after the club had toured pre-season, it was reported that the club were considering the possibility of creating a Boca Juniors USA team to compete in Major League Soccer (MLS) with New York City, Miami, Los Angeles and Arizona mentioned as possible locations.[76]

Rivalries[edit]

Main article: Superclásico

Boca Juniors has had a long standing rivalry with River Plate. The Superclásico is known worldwide as one of world football's fiercest and most important rivalries.[77] It is particularly noted for the passion of the fans, the stands of both teams feature fireworks, coloured confetti, flags and rolls of paper. Both sets of supporters sing passionate songs (often based on popular Argentine rock band tunes) against their rivals, and the stadiums are known to bounce with the simultaneous jumping of the fans. Sometimes the games have been known to end in riots between the hardest supporters of both sides or against the police. The English newspaper The Observer put the Superclásico (played at La Bombonera) at the top of their list of 50 sporting things you must do before you die.[78]

The two clubs both have origins in the poor riverside area of Buenos Aires known as La Boca. River however moved to the more affluent district of Núñez in the north of the city in 1923.

Boca Juniors and River Plate have played 338 games all time against each other, with Boca winning 126, River winning 107 and 105 draws. In the First Division Professional Era the two clubs have played 198 games with Boca winning 72, River 66 and 60 draws.[79]

This intense rivalry has not stopped players from playing for both clubs, most notably José Manuel Moreno, Hugo Orlando Gatti, Alberto Tarantini, Oscar Ruggeri, Julio Olarticoechea, Carlos Tapia, Gabriel Batistuta and Claudio Caniggia.

Players[edit]

For a list of all former and current Boca Juniors players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:Boca Juniors footballers.

Current squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Current squad of Boca Juniors as of September 2, 2014 (edit)
Sources: Official website and [1]

No. Position Player
1  ARG GK Agustín Orión
2  ARG DF Daniel Díaz
3  ARG DF Emanuel Insúa
4  ARG DF Hernán Grana
5  ARG MF Fernando Gago
6  ARG DF Juan Forlín
7  ARG FW Juan Manuel Martínez
8  ARG MF Pablo Ledesma
9  ARG FW Emanuel Gigliotti
10  ARG MF Luciano Acosta
11  ARG MF Federico Carrizo
12  ARG GK Emanuel Trípodi
13  ARG DF Nahuel Zárate
14  ARG DF Claudio Pérez
15  ARG DF Leandro Marín
16  ARG MF Gonzalo Castellani
No. Position Player
17  ARG MF César Meli
18  ARG MF Nicolás Colazo
19  ARG MF Federico Bravo
20  ARG MF Adrián Cubas
21  ARG MF Cristian Erbes
22  ARG DF Lisandro Magallán
23  ARG GK Sebastián D'Angelo
24  ARG DF Guillermo Burdisso
25  ARG FW Andrés Chávez
26  CHI MF José Pedro Fuenzalida
27  ARG FW Jonathan Calleri
28  ARG DF Mariano Echeverría
29  ARG MF Leonardo Suárez
30  ARG MF Iván Colman
31  ARG GK Manuel Vicentini
 ARG FW Joel Acosta

Manager: Rodolfo Arruabarrena


Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Argentina DF David Achucarro (at Olimpo)
Argentina DF Alan Aguirre (at Douglas Haig)
Argentina DF Ignacio Bonadio (at Tigre)
Argentina DF Fernando Evangelista (at Atlético Tucumán)
Argentina DF Alan Pérez (at Deportes Magallanes)
Argentina MF Cristian Álvarez (at Deportes Antofagasta)
Argentina MF Gonzalo Escalante (at Catania)
Argentina MF Guillermo Fernández (at Atlético Rafaela)
Argentina MF Gabriel Ferreyra (at AIK)
Argentina MF Alex Jara (at Sportivo Italiano)
Argentina MF Jonathan Mazzola (at Sportivo Italiano)
No. Position Player
Argentina MF Esteban Orfano (at Patronato)
Argentina MF Leandro Paredes (at Roma)
Argentina MF Gastón Rossi (at Almirante Brown)
Argentina MF Sebastián Vidal (at Temperley)
Argentina FW Sergio Araujo (at Las Palmas)
Argentina FW Mauro Dalla Costa (at San Martín de San Juan)
Argentina FW Franco Fragapane (at Elche B)
Argentina FW Juan Manuel Imbert (at Atlético Tucumán)
Argentina FW Sebastián Palacios (at Arsenal de Sarandí)
Argentina FW Cristian Pavón (at Colón)

Reserves and Academy[edit]

For the reserve and academy squads, see Boca Juniors Reserves and Academy

Records[edit]

Top 10 scorers of all time[edit]

Martín Palermo is Boca Juniors' all-time top goalscorer.
Rank. Player Position Tenure Goals
1 Argentina Martín Palermo FW 1997–01; 2004–11 236
2 Argentina Roberto Cherro FW 1926–38 221
3 Argentina Francisco Varallo FW 1931–39 194
4 Argentina Domingo Tarasconi FW 1922–32 193
5 Argentina Jaime Sarlanga FW 1940–48 128
6 Argentina Mario Boyé FW 1941–49; 1955 123
7 Paraguay Delfín Benítez Cáceres FW 1932–38 115
8 Argentina Pío Corcuera FW 1941–48 98
9 Argentina Pedro Calomino FW 1911–13; 1915–24 96
10 Argentina Juan Román Riquelme MF 1996–02; 2007-14 87

Last updated on: 18 August 2013 – Top 10 all time scorers at historiadeboca.com.ar

Top 10 most appearances of all time[edit]

No Player Position Tenure App.
1 Argentina Roberto Mouzo DF 1971–84 426
2 Argentina Hugo Gatti GK 1976–88 417
3 Argentina Silvio Marzolini DF 1960–72 408
4 Argentina Martín Palermo FW 1997–2001; 2004–11 404
5 Colombia Carlos Navarro Montoya GK 1988–96 400
6 Argentina Antonio Rattín MF 1956–70 382
7 Argentina Ernesto Lazzatti MF 1934–47 379
8 Argentina Rubén Suñé MF 1967–72; 1976–80 377
9 Argentina Juan Román Riquelme MF 1996–2002, 2007–14 370
10 Argentina Natalio Pescia MF 1942–56 365

Last updated on: 29 September 2013 – Top 10 most appearances of all time at historiadeboca.com.ar

Notable players[edit]

This section lists players who have appeared in least 100 matches[80] or scored at least 35 goals[81] for the club.
1905–31
1930s – 1970s
1970s – 1990s
1990s – 2000s
2000s – 2010s

Players gallery[edit]

Coaches[edit]

Boca's two most successful coaches were Juan Carlos Lorenzo (1976–79, 1987), and Carlos Bianchi (1998–2002, 2003–04, 2012–2014). Toto Lorenzo won five titles with the team, including the Copa Libertadores in 1977 and 1978, the Intercontinental Cup in 1977, and the Metropolitano and Nacional in 1976.

Bianchi won nine titles, including Aperturas in 1998, 2000 and 2003, the 1999 Clausura, the Copa Libertadores in 2000, 2001 and 2003, and the Intercontinental Cup in 2000 and 2003.

On 22 August 2006, it was announced that Ricardo La Volpe would take over as coach on 15 September, replacing Alfio Basile, who had been selected to manage Argentina national football team. Lavolpe failed to continue Basile's chain of success, losing the 2006 Apertura championship in spite of a 4 points advantage with only two rounds to go.

Miguel Ángel Russo was hired as Lavolpe's replacement. Boca was second to San Lorenzo in the 2007 Clausura, but went on to win the Copa Libertadores that same year with a 5–0 overall rout of Brazilian Grêmio.

Carlos Ischia was hired after Miguel Ángel Russo left to be San Lorenzo de Almagro's coach.

Julio César Falcioni led the team to the 2011 Apertura championship, which Boca won unbeaten. Under the coaching of Falcioni, Boca also won the 2011–12 Copa Argentina.

Institutional[edit]

Executive Board 2011–2014[133]

  • President: Daniel Angelici
  • 2nd Vice-president: José Requejo

Chairmen[edit]

Pedro Pompilio was the club's last elected chairman, succeeding Ing. Mauricio Macri (current Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). Pompilio died during his presidency on 30 October 2008 due to heart attack. His family asked not to send flowers to his funeral and donate money to UNICEF instead. He was 58 years old at that time.[134] He was married and had two children.[135]
Jorge Amor Ameal, 1st vice president during Pedro Pompilio's direction, took charge after.[136]
In December 2011, the same day Boca defeated Banfield to win the Apertura 2011 title, Daniel Angelici was elected as new president of the club over Ameal, getting 54% of the votes.[137]

Honours[edit]

Boca Juniors is one of the most successful teams in Argentine football. The club has won 30 Primera División titles (6 during Argentina's amateur era, and 24 league titles in professional era), second only to River Plate with 36. In South American and international club football, Boca Juniors has won 18 titles, the same than A.C. Milan, although Boca also won four international official titles, the Tie Cup in 1919,[8] the Copa de Honor Cousenier in 1920[9] and the Copa de Confraternidad Escobar – Gerona in 1945 and 1946.[138]

Domestic[edit]

Official honors
Other honors (not recognized as official titles by the Argentine Football Association) [2][3]
  • Copa Reformista de la Liga Central (1): 1906
  • Copa Barone de la Liga Albión (1): 1908
  • Champion of Honor[b] (1): 1925 [142][143]
  • Copa San Martín de Tours[c] (5): 1964, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1991 [144]
  • Torneo Clausura (1): 1991 [d]

International[edit]

Records and facts[edit]

Products and services[edit]

Boca Juniors has expanded its activity beyond sport, providing its fans with a number of other products and services.

  • In 2003, it became the fifth football club in the world to open its own TV channel. Boca TV broadcasts 24 hours a day, featuring sports programs and talk shows.
  • There is a line of Boca coffins available for dead fans,[153] as well as an official Boca Juniors cemetery.[154]
  • Boca has its own fleet of taxis operating in Buenos Aires.[155]
  • The club also sells its own brand of wine, called Boca Wine.[156]
  • In 2012 Boca Juniors opened in Buenos Aires its first thematic hotel not only in Argentina but worldwide. The hotel was designed by Uruguayan architect Carlos Ott. All the rooms were decorated with the colours of the club, apart from photos and paintings of notable players in the history of the club.[157][158]

Other sports[edit]

Basketball[edit]

The Boca Juniors basketball team has won the Argentine league three times (1996/97, 2003/04, 2006/07), five Argentine Cups (Copa Argentina 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006), the Argentine Top 4 (2004), and three South American Club Championships (2004, 2005, 2006).[159][160] It also reached the 2004–05 national finals (losing to Ben Hur). Their home arena is the Estadio Luis Conde, better known as La Bombonerita (small Bombonera).

Volleyball[edit]

Boca Juniors has a professional volleyball team that won the Metropolitan championship in 1991, 1992 and 1996, and achieved the second place in the 1996/97 A1 season. Because of a lack of sponsors, the team was disbanded, but later it was reincorporated through the coaching of former Boca player Marcelo Gigante; after playing in the second division, it returned to the A1 league in 2005.

Women's football[edit]

The Boca Juniors women's football team plays in the Campeonato de Fútbol Femenino and have won the championship a record 19 times of which 10 were in succession from the 2003 Apertura to the 2008 Clausura.[161]

Honours[edit]

  • Campeonato de Fútbol Femenino (20): 1992, 1998, 1999, 2000*, 2001 Apertura, 2002 Clausura, 2003 Apertura, 2004 Clausura, 2004 Apertura, 2005 Clausura, 2005 Apertura, 2006 Clausura, 2006 Apertura, 2007 Clausura, 2007 Apertura, 2008 Clausura, 2009 Apertura, 2010 Apertura, 2011 Clausura and 2011 Apertura
    * Unbeaten champion

Though the club has not yet won any international competition, it secured the third place at the 2010 Copa Libertadores de Fútbol Femenino.

Other[edit]

Starting 2005, the Argentine Turismo Carretera stock-car competition league spun off the Top Race V6 category, in which teams are sponsored by football teams. Veteran race pilots Ortelli and Bessone and former Boca player Vicente Pernía drive for the Boca team; Ortelli finally won the first Top Race V6 championship for Boca Juniors.

In Futsal, Boca has won 6 Championships: 1992, 1993, Clausura 1997, Apertura 1998, Clausura 2003 (Men), and 2004 (women).

Boca representatives also compete in other disciplines such as judo, karate, taekwondo, wrestling, weight lifting and gymnastics.[162]

There is an Argentine steakhouse in Queens, NYC which is a Boca Juniors theme restaurant.[163]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nevertheless, other sources refer to McCarthy as the only founder of the club and the Italian immigrants as the persons who made it their own.[20]
  2. ^ In 1925 the Argentine Football Association named Boca Juniors as "Champion of Honor" in recognition to the great campaign made for the team during its tour on Europe. Boca played 19 matches winning 15 with only 3 loses.
  3. ^ Not recognized as an official title by the Argentine Football Association.
  4. ^ Not recognized as an official title by the Argentine Football Association. Boca had to play two final matches vs. Newell's Old Boys (the 1990 Apertura champion) in order to proclaim a champion. Boca lost the series and therefore the title was given to Newell's Old Boys, which was recognized as the 1990–91 champion.
  5. ^ Title shared with Nacional

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