Boca Raton Airport
|Boca Raton Airport|
|04 May 2008|
|IATA: BCT – ICAO: KBCT – FAA LID: BCT|
|Owner||State of Florida|
|Operator||Boca Raton Airport Authority|
|Serves||Boca Raton, Florida|
|Elevation AMSL||13 ft / 4 m|
|Source: Federal Aviation Administration|
Boca Raton Airport (IATA: BCT, ICAO: KBCT, FAA LID: BCT) is a state-owned public-use airport located two miles (3 km) northwest of the central business district of Boca Raton, a city in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. The airport is immediately adjacent to Florida Atlantic University and to Interstate 95.
The Boca Raton Airport is publicly owned and is designated as a general aviation transport facility governed by a seven member Authority appointed by the City of Boca Raton and Palm Beach County Commission.
Facilities and aircraft
Boca Raton Airport covers an area of 212 acres (86 ha) and has one asphalt paved runway designated 5/23 which measures 6,276 x 150 ft (1,913 x 46 m). The airport has a control tower which is manned from 7:00am to 11:00pm. There are two full service fixed base operators, Signature Flight Support and Atlantic Aviation. The Burton D. Morgan School of Aeronautic of Lynn University is located at the airport.
For the 12-month period ending June 20, 2002, the airport had 91,004 aircraft operations, an average of 249 per day: 91% general aviation, 9% air taxi and <1% military. At that time there were 205 aircraft based at this airport: 63% single-engine, 20% multi-engine, 16% jet and 1% helicopter.
The Boca Raton Airport was established in 1936. In 1941, in response to the emerging Axis threat, the United States began to rapidly mobilize and expand its armed forces. In addition to enlarging its Army and Navy, the US also sought to expand its air forces. The service we know today as the U.S. Air Force was known prior to June 1941 as the U.S. Army Air Corps and after June 1941 as the U.S. Army Air Forces, and was a subordinate branch within the U.S. Army. To expand the air corps/air forces, new air bases were established throughout the United States, including bases in southern Florida at Homestead, Morrison Field in West Palm Beach, and at the Boca Raton Airport.
The Boca Raton Airport, also known as Boca Raton Army Airfield, was selected to house a military airfield for a number of geographic and practical reasons. Southern Florida's climate and physical geography are generally considered mild compared to most northern locations. Florida experiences a winter climate characteristic of the subtropics. Lacking snow or low temperatures enabled military operations to continue year round. Florida also has consistently flat terrain, an ideal feature when training new and inexperienced pilots. Its location adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico also provided ideal locations for flight training. Boca Raton was also chosen for practical purposes. In the early-1940s, Boca Raton's population numbered only 723. This enabled the United States government to take thousands of acres of land for its use without having to relocate a large number of people. However, this is not to say that the establishment of the military airfield was without controversy. A majority of the land was acquired from Japanese-American farmers from the failing Yamato Colony, the land having been seized through the process of eminent domain, leaving many Japanese-Americans little recourse in the early days of World War II. All of these conditions enabled construction of the military airfield to commence in June 1942.
After World War 2
While most of the Boca Raton Army Air Field was deactivated in 1946, more than 800 acres (3.2 km2) were retained as the Boca Raton Air Force Auxiliary Field. Another 85 acres (0.34 km2) were used in the 1950s for a secret project to produce stem rust spores for possible use as a biological agent against wheat production in the Soviet Union. Other parts of the World War II air base were returned to private ownership and developed. In 1959 the remainder of the base was turned over to the City of Boca Raton and to the State of Florida. 200 acres (0.81 km2) and a single runway (of three original runways) became the Boca Raton Airport. The remaining land became the campus of Florida Atlantic University.
The airport operated without a control tower until 2000 when the current control tower opened.
- FAA Airport Master Record for BCT ( PDF), effective 2007-12-20
- Boca Raton Airport Authority URL retrieved April 5, 2006
- "The History of the Boca Raton Airport". Boca Raton Airport Authority. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
- "The Yamato Colony: Japanese Pioneers in Florida". The Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens. Retrieved 2006-11-04.
- "A Journey Through Boca Raton: Timeline 1895 — 1999". Boca Raton Historical Society. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
- "U.S. Military in Boca Raton - Post-War Military Secrets". Palm Beach County History Online. Historical Society of Palm Beach County. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- Moore, S. Clayton. "Avitat Boca Raton Brings the Wow Factor to FBO Management". Airport Journals. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
- Valdemoro, Tania. "Boca Airport Damage Hits $12 Million". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2007-12-15.
- Boca Raton Airport Authority
- PDF brochure from CFASPP
- (PDF), effective November 13, 2014
- FAA Terminal Procedures for BCT, effective November 13, 2014
- Resources for this airport: