Bocchetta Pass

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Bocchetta pass
Passo della Bocchetta.jpg
Summit of Bocchetta Pass
Elevation 722 m (2,369 ft)
Traversed by SP 5 della Bocchetta (GE)
SP 160 della Val Lemme (AL)
Location LiguriaPiedmont border (Italy)
Range Appennine
Coordinates 44°33′02″N 08°53′16″E / 44.55056°N 8.88778°E / 44.55056; 8.88778Coordinates: 44°33′02″N 08°53′16″E / 44.55056°N 8.88778°E / 44.55056; 8.88778
Bocchetta pass is located in Alps
Bocchetta pass
Bocchetta pass
Location of Bocchetta Pass

Bocchetta Pass or Bochetta Pass or Passo della Bocchetta is a mountain pass in the Ligurian Apennine Mountains in Liguria north of Genoa, Italy. The summit of the pass is at an elevation of 772 meters (2,532 feet).[1]

Geography[edit]

It is crossed by a highway that connects Genoa and Alessandria. An old Roman road ran through Bocchetta Pass from Genua (modern Genoa) to Dertona (modern Tortona).[2]

The Bocchetta Pass is located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of Genoa. From the south, the SP5 (Provincial) highway follows the Polcevera valley north from the town of Campomorone. From the north, the SP160 highway approaches the pass along the Lemme valley via the towns of Gavi and Voltaggio. Currently, most traffic uses the Autostrada A7 which runs through the mountains 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi) to the east.

History[edit]

The Roman consul Spurius Postumius Albinus Magnus had the Via Postumia built in 148 BC. The Roman road connected Genoa with Tortona, Piacenza, and Cremona. At Calvatone the road forked and the northern branch went to Verona while the southern branch went to Mantua. During the French Revolutionary Wars the Bocchetta Pass was located in territory belonging to the Republic of Genoa. Its north side was guarded by the fortress of Gavi.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, Third Edition, p. 59
  2. ^ Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, Third Edition, p. 59

References[edit]

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, Third Edition. Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1997. ISBN 0-87779-546-0.