Bodega, California

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Bodega
Bodega Corners
census-designated place
Bodega in 2008: surf shop and historic general store
Bodega in 2008: surf shop and historic general store
Bodega is located in California
Bodega
Bodega
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 38°20′43″N 122°58′26″W / 38.34528°N 122.97389°W / 38.34528; -122.97389Coordinates: 38°20′43″N 122°58′26″W / 38.34528°N 122.97389°W / 38.34528; -122.97389
Country  United States
State  California
County Sonoma
Area[1]
 • Total 2.902 sq mi (7.516 km2)
 • Land 2.902 sq mi (7.516 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 118 ft (36 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 220
 • Density 76/sq mi (29/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94922
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-07246
GNIS feature ID 219574

Bodega is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Sonoma County in the U.S. state of California. The town had a population of 220 as of the 2010 Census.

Bodega is located on Bodega Highway, about 5 mi (8 km) west of Freestone, California. Salmon Creek flows through the town.

History[edit]

Watson School

There were formerly two Coast Miwok villages in the area: one (called Kennekono) sited near the current town and another (called Suwutenne) further north.[3]

In 1843, Captain Stephen Smith established the first West Coast lumber mill near Bodega.[4] Around the same time, John A. Sutter bought land from the Russians, an area that included Bodega. His land purchase included "some hunting rights, a small boat, several rusty cannons, and some old muskets."[5] In 1859, shipbuilders constructed Saint Teresa of Avila Church, which later appeared in Alfred Hitchcock's film, The Birds.[6]

Open from 1856 to 1967, Watson School, once served as Bodega's school, and is located in a Sonoma County Regional Parks Department historic park about 2 miles east of Bodega.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²), all of it land. The Phacelia distans is known for blossoming in Bodega between April and June.[8]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Bodega had a population of 220. The population density was 75.8 people per square mile (29.3/km²). The racial makeup of Bodega was 209 (95.0%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 2 (0.9%) Native American, 2 (0.9%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 0 (0.0%) from other races, and 7 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9 persons (4.1%).

The Census reported that 220 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 117 households, out of which 16 (13.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 43 (36.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5 (4.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 7 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 9 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 51 households (43.6%) were made up of individuals and 13 (11.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.88. There were 55 families (47.0% of all households); the average family size was 2.55.

The population was spread out with 25 people (11.4%) under the age of 18, 12 people (5.5%) aged 18 to 24, 43 people (19.5%) aged 25 to 44, 101 people (45.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 39 people (17.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54.5 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.0 males.

There were 131 housing units at an average density of 45.1 per square mile (17.4/km²), of which 66 (56.4%) were owner-occupied, and 51 (43.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 0%. 137 people (62.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 83 people (37.7%) lived in rental housing units.

Economy[edit]

As of 1915, Bodega was serviced by Wells Fargo and Company, who provided express delivery service. Wells Fargo delivered fruits, vegetables, eggs, and butter to the region from Alameda County.[10] In the late 1970s, the Soycrafters Association of North America was headquartered in Bodega. It was ran by soy product innovator Larry Needleman.[11] The area also has a history of creameries, making milk and butter. The Bodega Cooperative Creamery was located in Bodega as of 1922.[12]

Farming continues in the area, including Salmon Creek Ranch, which raises livestock and sells organic products.[13] Bodega has a tourism industry, which includes the Sonoma Coast Villa, and art galleries and shops in the small "downtown" area.[14]

Arts and culture[edit]

In the 1970s, Bodega was home to a doll museum.[15]

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Bodega is in the 2nd Senate District and the 2nd Assembly District.[16]

In the United States House of Representatives, Bodega is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[17]

At the county level, Bodega is in Sonoma County's 5th supervisorial district.[18]

Education[edit]

Media[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The main road through town is Bodega Highway, which runs east to Freestone and Sebastopol and south to State Route 1 less than a mile (1.6 km) away. State Route 1 provides access to the neighboring towns of Bodega Bay and Valley Ford.

The Mendocino Transit Authority provides bus service to Bodega. Routes 75 and 95 stop at Bodega two times a day. An eastbound one at 10:25 am, and the same one returning westbound at 4:55 pm.[19]

Notable residents[edit]

Thomas Oliver Boggs was a resident for a brief period in Bodega, before leaving for New Mexico, where he witnessed the burial of Kit Carson. Boggs' papers are held in the collection of the Bancroft Library.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bodega
  3. ^ "Access Genealogy: Miwok Indian Tribe". 
  4. ^ "Sea Captains: 1800s". The Maritime Heritage Project. D. Blethen Adams Levy/The Maritime Heritage Project. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  5. ^ The Idea of America: What It Was and How It Was Lost. Laissez Faire Books. July 1, 2011. pp. 228–. ISBN 978-0-9835414-0-0. 
  6. ^ California Coastal Commission (January 1, 1987). California Coastal Resource Guide. University of California Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-520-06186-6. 
  7. ^ "Watson School on Bodega Highway between Freestone and Bodega in 1959". Sonoma Heritage Collections. Sonoma County Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  8. ^ Le Roy Abrams; Roxana Stinchfield Ferris (1923). An Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States: Geraniaceae to Scrophulariaceae, geraniums to figworts. Stanford University Press. p. 493. ISBN 978-0-8047-0005-4. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Bodega CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ Railroad Commission of the State of California (1915). Decisions of the Railroad Commission of the State of California. The Commission. p. 286. 
  11. ^ William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi (May 2013). History of Tofu and Tofu Products (965 CE to 2013). Soyinfo Center. p. 1322. ISBN 978-1-928914-55-6. 
  12. ^ California Agricultural Experiment Station (1922). Report of the Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of California.... p. 123. 
  13. ^ "Salmon Creek Ranch". Salmon Creek Ranch. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ Emmis Communications (July 1998). Los Angeles Magazine. Emmis Communications. p. 127. ISSN 1522-9149. 
  15. ^ "Doll Museum, Bodega, California". Calisphere. University of California. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 7, 2014. 
  17. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Supervisorial Districts - Sonoma County - 2002". 2008-10-15. 
  19. ^ "South Mendocino Coast Bus Routes". Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  20. ^ A Guide to the Manuscript Collections of the Bancroft Library. University of California Press. 1963. p. 83. GGKEY:D2DPK9QS5TX. 

External links[edit]