Bodie Island Lighthouse

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Bodie Island Light
Bodie Island Lighthouse, July 2007.jpg
Bodie Island Lighthouse
Bodie Island Lighthouse is located in North Carolina
Bodie Island Lighthouse
Location 4 miles (6 km) north of Oregon Inlet, Near Nags Head, North Carolina
Coordinates 35°49′07″N 75°33′48″W / 35.8185°N 75.5633°W / 35.8185; -75.5633Coordinates: 35°49′07″N 75°33′48″W / 35.8185°N 75.5633°W / 35.8185; -75.5633
Year first constructed 1872
Year first lit 1872
Automated 1940
Foundation Timber, Granite, Rubble
Construction Brick, Cast Iron, Stone
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern White and black bands with black lantern house
Height 165 feet (50 m)
Original lens First order Fresnel lens, 1872
Current lens First order Fresnel lens (Restored)[1]
Range 18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)
Characteristic White 2.5 seconds on, 2.5 seconds off, 2.5 seconds on, and 22.5 seconds eclipse with 2 cycles each minute
Admiralty number J2386
ARLHS number USA-067
USCG number

2-0590

Bodie Island Light Station
Nearest city Nags Head, North Carolina
Area 15 acres (6.1 ha)
Architectural style Other, Italianate, First-order brick lighthouse
Governing body Federal
NRHP Reference # 03000607[2]
Added to NRHP July 4, 2003

The current Bodie Island Lighthouse is the third that has stood in this vicinity of Bodie Island on the Outer Banks in North Carolina and was built in 1872. It stands 156 feet (48 m) tall and is located on the Roanoke Sound side of the first island that is part of the Cape Hatteras National Seashore. The lighthouse is just south of Nags Head, a few miles before Oregon Inlet. It was renovated from August 2009 to March 2013, and was made climbable by the public.

History[edit]

Bodie Island Lighthouse and keeper's quarters

The preceding Bodie Island lighthouses actually stood south of Oregon Inlet on Pea Island in an area now under water. The first was built in 1847 and then abandoned in 1859 due to a poor foundation. The second, built in 1859, was destroyed in 1861 by retreating Confederate troops who feared it would be used as a Union observation post during the Civil War. The third and current lighthouse, with its original first order Fresnel lens, was completed in 1872. In 1932, the light was upgraded to an electric lamp by using oil-fueled electrical generators. It remained manned until 1940, when the lighthouse was fully automated. In 1953, the generators were disconnected and power was supplied from the commercial electric grid.

While some people (including North Carolinians not from the Outer Banks) pronounce the name with a long "o" sound, it is traditionally pronounced as body. This is derived from the original name of the area, which was "Bodies Island", after the Body family from whom the land was purchased. Folklore would have you believe it is due to the number of dead sailors washed ashore from this portion of the Atlantic Ocean, which is known as the Graveyard of the Atlantic. Local gift shops sell maps of the shipwrecks on the ocean floor. An impressive array of ships have been sunk due to storms, shoals, and German U-boats in World War II. This lighthouse appears in the background of the 1963–1964 Federal Duck Stamp.

After years of raising funds and postponement, work to restore the cast iron and other parts in need of work began on the lighthouse in August 2009. As of March 2010, the outside scaffolding was 100% complete while interior scaffolding was 50% completed.[3] The restoration was stopped in spring 2011 after significant new structural integrity issues were found in many of the main support beams under the balcony. The additional repairs needed were too costly to finish in the original restoration project. In August, 2011 Hurricane Irene blew out some of the newly restored lantern room glass and tore away a protective shroud covering the lantern room. Flooding caused buckling of the floors in the Bodie Island Light Station Double Keepers Quarters.[4] Additional funding was obtained to continue the restoration, which was restarted in 2012 and completed in March 2013.[5] There was a re-lighting ceremony on April 18, 2013, and the lighthouse was opened for the general public to climb the following day for a fee.[6]

Timeline[edit]

Historic light station information – North Carolina

Bodie Island Lighthouse:

  • 1847 – The contractor on the first project was Mr. Francis Gibbons, of Baltimore, who would later become a prominent lighthouse builder on the West Coast. Cost was $5,000 but problems with location and design of the tower caused a ten year delay in construction. The tower was highly unstable and soon after it was completed, it began to lean toward the sea.
  • 1859 – The Bodie Island Lighthouse had deteriorated and the Lighthouse Board secured a $25,000 appropriation from Congress to erect a new tower. This new tower was 80 ft (24 m). and its lantern was a third-order Fresnel lens.
  • 1861 – In the fall of 1861, Confederate troops stacked explosives inside the tower and blew it apart.
  • 1871 – A third lighthouse was completed in 1871 partially with material left over from construction of a new tower at Cape Hatteras. The tower was 156 ft (48 m). with a first order Fresnel lens that made its light visible for 18 nautical miles (33 km). The Bodie tower is painted with white and black horizontal bands.
United States Coast Guard

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bodie Island Lighthouse is open for climbing". www.carolinacountry.com. 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  3. ^ Work Continuing On Restoration of Bodie Island Lighthouse At Cape Hatteras National Seashore
  4. ^ F. Mitchener Wilds (13 September 2011). "Hurricane Irene Damage to Historic Structures". Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bodie Island Lighthouse work moving forward". The Outer Banks Voice. 2012-08-16. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  6. ^ Stradling, Richard. "Bodie Island Lighthouse relit Thursday, opens to the public Friday | Local/State". NewsObserver.com. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 

External links[edit]