Body of knowledge
A body of knowledge (BOK or BoK) is the complete set of concepts, terms and activities that make up a professional domain, as defined by the relevant learned society or professional association. It is a type of knowledge representation by any knowledge organization. In the theory several definitions are given, for example:
- Body of Knowledge is: (1) "Structured knowledge that is used by members of a discipline to guide their practice or work.” (2) “The prescribed aggregation of knowledge in a particular area an individual is expected to have mastered to be considered or certified as a practitioner.” (BOK-def). Waite’s pragmatic view is also worth noting: “BOK is a stepping stone to unifying community” (Waite 2004). - Tuncer Ören (2005), 
- A 'Body of Knowledge' (BOK) is a set of accepted and agreed upon standards in field or profession. - INFORMS, 2009
- A body of knowledge (BOK) is a set of knowledge within a profession or subject area which is generally agreed as both essential and personally known. - Gary R. Oliver, 2012
A body of knowledge is the accepted ontology for a specific domain. A BOK is more than simply a collection of terms; a professional reading list; a library; a website or a collection of websites; a description of professional functions; or even a collection of information.
Examples of bodies of knowledge
The following are examples of bodies of knowledge from professional organisations:
- Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (BABOK) from the International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) – for those following the business analysis discipline
- Civil Engineering Body of Knowledge
- Common Body of Knowledge (CBK) – for international information security professionals
- Canadian IT Body of Knowledge (CITBOK) – for Canadian Information Processing Society
- Enterprise Architecture Body of Knowledge (EABOK) – for the enterprise architecture (EA) discipline
- Geographic Information Science and Technology Body of Knowledge (GISTBoK) – for the geospatial realm
- Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) from the Project Management Institute – for those following the project management discipline
- Software Engineering Body of Knowledge (SWEBOK) – for the profession of software engineering
- Gary R. Oliver. Foundations of the Assumed Business Operations and Strategy Body of Knowledge (BOSBOK): An Outline of Shareable Knowledge. 2012. p. 3.
- Waite, W. (2004). "V&V Education Initiatives," Foundations ’04.
- Ören, Tüncer I. "Toward the body of knowledge of modeling and simulation." Proceedings of the Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation Conference, Orlando, FL, Nov. 2005.
- Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences. National Meeting (2009) INFORMS Conference Program, p. 65.
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