Boeing 747 hull losses

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Boeing 747
Ba b747-400 g-bnle arp.jpg
British Airways Boeing 747-400 during takeoff
Role Wide-body, long-range jet airliner
National origin United States
Manufacturer Boeing Commercial Airplanes
First flight February 9, 1969[1]
Introduction January 22, 1970 with Pan Am[2]
Status In service
Primary users British Airways
United Airlines
Lufthansa
KLM
Produced 1968–present
Number built 1,500 as of June 2014[3]
Unit cost
747-100: US$24 million (1967)
747-200: US$39 million (1976)
747-300: US$83 million (1982)
747-400: US$228–260 million (2007)
747-8I: US$351.4 million[4]
747-8F: US$352 million
Variants Boeing 747SP
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-8
Boeing VC-25
Boeing E-4
Developed into Boeing YAL-1
Boeing 747 Large Cargo Freighter

A total of 52 Boeing 747 aircraft, first flown commercially in 1970, have been involved in accidents and incidents resulting in a hull loss, meaning that the aircraft has either been destroyed or has been damaged beyond economical repair.[5] Of the 52 Boeing 747 aircraft losses, 25 resulted in no loss of life; in one, a hostage was murdered; and in one, a terrorist died.[5] Some of the aircraft declared damaged beyond economical repair were older 747s that sustained relatively minor damage. Had they been newer it could have been viable to repair them.[6][7] As far as records, the 747 has the dubious distinction of the highest death toll of any single airplane accident, and the highest death toll of a mid-air collision.


1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

  • Korean Air Flight 015, operating a flight from Los Angeles to Seoul, with a refueling stop at Anchorage, Alaska, was damaged beyond repair at landing on 19 November 1980. Of the 226 occupants, 15 passengers and crew died.
  • Korean Air Lines Flight 007, a 747-200B from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage, Alaska and Tokyo, was shot down just west of Sakhalin Island by the Soviet Air Force on September 1, 1983. All 269 passengers and crew aboard died.
  • Avianca Flight 011, a 747-200 flying from Paris to Bogotá via Madrid, crashed into a mountainside on 27 November 1983 due to a navigational error while maneuvering to land at Madrid Barajas International Airport.. 181 people died; there were 11 survivors.
  • Air India Flight 182, a 747-200B, en route from Montreal to New Delhi, was blown up in midair off the Southwest coast of Ireland by a bomb on June 23, 1985. All 329 on board died. Until the September 11 attacks of 2001 the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It remains "worst mass murder in Canadian history."
  • Japan Airlines Flight 123, an inadequate repair resulted in the loss of the 747SR (SR for Short Range) flying from Tokyo to Osaka on August 12, 1985. Most of the aircraft's vertical stabilizer was blown apart while the aircraft was at cruising altitude, after the rear pressure bulkhead failed. The pilots kept it in the air for 32 minutes but it eventually crashed, causing 520 fatalities - there were 4 survivors. It is the worst single-aircraft accident in aviation history.[13]
  • South African Airways Flight 295, a 747-200BSCD "Combi" en route from Taipei to Johannesburg on November 28, 1987, crashed into the ocean off Mauritius after a fire in the rear cargo hold during the flight resulted in loss of control. All 159 people on board died.
  • Pan Am Flight 103, a 747-100, disintegrated in mid-air on December 21, 1988 due to a terrorist bomb in the luggage hold; the wings, with their tanks full of fuel, landed on Lockerbie, Scotland. All 259 people on board and 11 people in Lockerbie died. A Libyan national was eventually convicted of destroying the aircraft.
  • Flying Tiger Flight 66, on February 19, 1989, a 747-100F was flying a Non-directional beacon (NDB) approach to Runway 33 at Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Kuala Lumpur, when the aircraft hit a hillside 600 ft (180 m) above sea level, resulting in the deaths of all four people on board.[14]

1990s[edit]

  • British Airways Flight 149 was a 747-100 flying from London Heathrow Airport to Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, Kuala Lumpur with stopovers in Kuwait International Airport and Chennai International Airport, Madras. The aircraft landed in Kuwait City on August 1, 1990, four hours after the Gulf War broke out. All 385 passengers and crew were taken hostage by Iraqi forces; one was murdered but the others were released. The aircraft was subsequently blown up.
  • El Al Flight 1862 was a cargo 747-200F that crashed shortly after departure from Amsterdam Schiphol on October 4, 1992. Engines 3 and 4 detached after takeoff as a result of metal fatigue prior to overload failure arising out of inadequate design; as a result the flight crew lost control and the crippled 747 crashed into the Klein-Kruitberg apartments in Bijlmermeer at high speed. The sole passenger and all three crew died as well as 39 on the ground.
  • On November 4, 1993, China Airlines Flight 605, a 747-400 from Taipei to Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport, landed 2000 feet past the threshold on runway 13, with insufficient braking power. Unable to stop before the end of the runway, the captain steered the aircraft into the Victoria Harbor. All passengers were evacuated via inflatable life rafts. The vertical fin was blown off with explosives, as it disrupted airport operations. The aircraft was recovered from the harbor days later, and was written off.
  • TWA Flight 800, a 747-100 bound for Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, exploded during its climb from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York on July 17, 1996; all 230 people aboard died. A spark from a wire in the center fuel tank caused the explosion, although several alternative theories have persisted. Changes in fuel tank management were adopted after the crash.
  • In the 1996 Charkhi Dadri mid-air collision Saudi Arabian Airlines Flight 763, a 747-100B collided with Air Kazakhstan Flight 1907, an Ilyushin Il-76 in midair over Chakri Dadri in Haryana, India on November 12, 1996, resulting in the deaths of all 349 occupants of both aircraft, more fatalities than any other mid-air collision in history.
  • Korean Air Flight 801, a 747-300, crashed into a hillside on August 6, 1997 while on approach to Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport on the island of Guam; 228 aboard died - there were 26 survivors.
  • Air France flight 6745, a 747-2B3F (F-GPAN) carrying 66 tons of cargo from Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport to Madras International Airport, Madras via Karachi and Bangalore HAL Airport on March 05, 1999 was destroyed by fire after landing with gear up. No fatalities.[15]
  • Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509, a 747-200F from London Stansted Airport to Milan on December 22, 1999, was destroyed when it crashed shortly after take-off; all four crew died. The captain of the aircraft had manoeuvred it according to erroneous indications on his attitude indicator.

2000s[edit]

  • Singapore Airlines Flight 006, a 747-400 flying from Singapore to Los Angeles via Taipei, crashed into construction equipment on October 31, 2000 while attempting to take off from a closed runway at Taiwan's Chiang Kai-shek International Airport (now Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport). It caught fire and was destroyed; 79 passengers and three crew members died[16] - there were 96 survivors.
  • MK Airlines, a 747-200F, crashed about 700m short of the runway near Port Harcourt Airport, Nigeria on November 27, 2001. Of the 13 on board, 1 died.[17]
  • China Airlines Flight 611, a 747-200B, broke apart over the Taiwan Strait mid-flight on May 25, 2002, en route to Hong Kong International Airport from Chiang Kai-shek International Airport in Taiwan 20 minutes after take off. All 225 occupants on board died. Metal fatigue at the site of a previous repair was cited as a cause.
  • MK Airlines Flight 1602, a 747-200F, crashed while attempting to take off from Halifax Stanfield International Airport on October 14, 2004. The aircraft's take-off weight had been incorrectly calculated, and it was only airborne briefly before impacting an earthen berm at the end of the runway. The seven-member crew died.[18]

2010s[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rumerman, Judy. "The Boeing 747." U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, 2003. Retrieved: April 30, 2006.
  2. ^ "Jumbo and the Gremlins." TIME, February 2, 1970. Retrieved: December 20, 2007.
  3. ^ "747 Model Orders and Deliveries data." The Boeing Company, December 2011. Retrieved: November 4, 2012.
  4. ^ "Boeing Commercial Airplanes prices." The Boeing Company. Retrieved: August 8, 2012.
  5. ^ a b List of Boeing 747 hull losses retrieved 2013-02-17.
  6. ^ Page describing N4723U incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  7. ^ Page describing N808MC incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  8. ^ Page describing N752PA incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  9. ^ Page describing JA8109 incident retrieved 2008-01-13.
  10. ^ Page describing the crash of IIAF 5-8104 retrieved 2008-01-13.
  11. ^ National Transportation Safety Board. "Special Investigation Report - Wing Failure of Boeing 747-131, Near Madrid, Spain, May 9, 1976". Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  12. ^ "1977: Hundreds dead in Tenerife plane crash", "On This Day." BBC News. Retrieved: 26 May 2006.
  13. ^ "Japan marks air crash anniversary", BBC News. Retrieved: 12 August 2005.
  14. ^ Page describing N752PA accident retrieved 2008-06-28.
  15. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) F-GPAN Chennai Airport (MAA)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  16. ^ "Rushing to Die, The Crash of Singapore Airlines flight 006". Airline Safety. Retrieved: 17 December 2007.
  17. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-246F 9G-MKI Port Harcourt". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2014-03-29. 
  18. ^ Page describing 9G-MKJ accident. aviation-safety.net. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  19. ^ Page describing N704CK accident. Retrieved: 17 August 2008.
  20. ^ "US cargo plane crashes into Colombian house, 3 dead". AFP. 2008-07-07. Retrieved 2008-07-07. 
  21. ^ "Crash: Kalitta B742 at Bogota on Jul 7th 2008, engine fire, impacted a farm house". The Aviation Herald. 2008-07-11. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  22. ^ "Cargo plane crashes near Dubai motorway killing two". BBC. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-09-03. 
  23. ^ "Crash: National Air Cargo B744 at Bagram on Apr 29th 2013, lost height shortly after takeoff following load shift and stall". Avherald.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.