Boethus of Sidon (Stoic)
- For the Peripatetic philosopher from Sidon, (c. 75-c. 10 BC), see Boethus of Sidon
He is said to have denied, contrary to the standard Stoic view, that the cosmos is an animate being, and he suggested that it was not the whole world which was divine, but only the ether or sphere of the fixed stars. He argued that the world was eternal, in particular, he rejected the Stoic conflagration (ekpyrosis) because god or the World-Soul would be inactive during it, whereas it exercises Divine Providence in the actual world.
- Diogenes Laërtius, vii. 143
- Diogenes Laërtius, vii. 148
- Philo, De aeternitate mundi 76-77
- Diogenes Laërtius, vii. 149
- Geminus, xvii 48