Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park

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Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
Map showing the location of Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
Bogani Nani Wartabone NP
Location in Sulawesi
Location Sulawesi, Indonesia
Coordinates 0°33′38″N 123°40′48″E / 0.56056°N 123.68000°E / 0.56056; 123.68000Coordinates: 0°33′38″N 123°40′48″E / 0.56056°N 123.68000°E / 0.56056; 123.68000
Area 2,871.15 km²
Established 1991
Governing body Ministry of Forestry

Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park is a 2,871 km² (1,108 mi²) National Park on Minahassa Peninsula on Sulawesi island, Indonesia. Formerly known as Dumoga Bone National Park, it was established in 1991 and was renamed in honour of Nani Wartabone, a local resistance fighter who drove the Japanese from Gorontalo during the World War II. The park has been identified by Wildlife Conservation Society as the single most important site for the conservation of Sulawesi wildlife [1] and is home to a large number of species endemic to Sulawesi.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Common plant species in the park are Piper aduncum, Trema orientalis, Macaranga species and various orchids. Endangered plants in the park include the matayangan palm (Pholidocarpus ihur), Makassar Ebony, iron wood (Intsia spp.), yellow wood (Arcangelisia flava), and carrion flower (Amorphophallus companulatus).[2]

The Spectral Tarsier is one of the endangered species inhabiting the park

In the park there have been recorded 24 mammal, 11 reptile and 125 bird species.[2] These include the endangered Anoa and Cinnabar Hawk Owl, which was only described scientifically in 1999 from a specimen collected from the park.[3]

Among the larger animals of the park are babirusas[4] and the Sulawesi warty pig.[5]

Maleo breeding[edit]

The Maleo megapode is endemic to the island and is the park's mascot.[2] Maleo birds have been bred successfully in this park, and as per February 2012, about 3,300 birds have been released to their habitat. Hungoyono camp in Bone Bolango is the largest Maleo habitat which the conservationists have 4 breeding sites. Normally the birds need geothermal hot sand for their breeding as in Hungoyono camp.[6]

Threats[edit]

The park is threatened by uncontrolled logging, poaching and illegal gold mining.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Partnership Council of Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park. wcs.org
  2. ^ a b c Ministry of Forestry of Indonesia: "Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park", retrieved 5 December 2013
  3. ^ P.C. Rasmussen (1999). "A New Species of Hawk-owl Ninox from North Sulawesi, Indonesia". Wilson Bulletin 111 (4): 457–464. 
  4. ^ Macdonald, A.A., Burton, J. & Leus, K. 2008. Babyrousa celebensis. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1.
  5. ^ Macdonald, A.A., Burton, J. & Leus, K. 2008. Sus celebensis. In: IUCN 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2009.1.
  6. ^ "Keberhasilan penangkaran Maleo capai 50 persen" (in Indonesian). February 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]