Boggo Road Gaol

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Boggo Road Gaol
Boggo Road Gaol 2015.jpg
Structure in 2015
Location Dutton Park, Queensland, Australia
Security class Maximum Security
Opened July 1883
Closed November 1989
Managed by At first prisons fell under the control of the Sheriff until the 1890s. The Prisons Department (later the Department of Correctional Services), ran the site until closure. As a historical site the prison was run by different government departments, including State Development and Public Works.

Boggo Road Gaol (alt. and older spelling "Bogga") was a notorious and heritage-listed Australian prison located on Annerley Road in Dutton Park, an inner southern suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The site is the only surviving intact gaol in Queensland that reflects penological principles of the 19th century.[1] For many years it was Queensland's main prison.[2] Today, the prison is open for the public to visit through guided historical tours run by Boggo Road Gaol Pty[3]

It was officially known as "Brisbane Jail" but was commonly known as "Boggo Road Jail" because Annerley Road became known as "Boggo Road" due to its poor condition, after originally being named "Bolgo Road".[4] Boggo Road was originally an unofficial and unmaintained short-cut between Ipswich Road and Stanley Street that became very boggy after rain.[5]

History[edit]

Entrance to the gaol, ~1936

In 1863, land off Boggo Road was surveyed and set aside as a government reserve before being proclaimed a gaol reserve in 1880.[6] The first cellblock opened on 2 July 1883,[2] and over the years many other buildings came and went on the site. The first buildings were built by Robert Porter, contained 57 cells and were constructed using materials from the demolished Petrie Terrace Jail.[2][7] In 1903 a prison was built to hold female prisoners.[1] This later became known as the No.2 Division, and is now the only prison building still standing. It is heritage-listed. The 'No.1 Division' built in 1883 was the scene of 42 hangings, including the hanging of Ernest Austin in 1913—the last execution in Queensland. A new prison was built around the perimeter of No.1 prison during the 1960s and No.1 prison was demolished leaving area for an oval and recreational facilities for the newly built prison and this prison had running cold water and toilet facilities in all cells. Under the oval was the facility that became known as the "black hole" where prisoners were subjected to "punishment". The "black hole" continued in use until the late '80s.

Protests at the gaol during the 1970s saw inmates undertake hunger strikes, roof top protests, and rioting over the poor conditions and treatment. The prison was constantly in the headlines and became notorious around Australia. Cells did not have any form of sanitation and facilities for washing were lacking.[7] Prisoners were required to use a bucket through the evening for toilet breaks and empty it, or 'slop out', in the morning. A Queensland Government inquiry into the living conditions of State prisons found Boggo Road to be outdated and inadequate for prisoners' needs. No.2 Division was closed in 1989. No.1 division was closed in 1992 and was demolished in 1996 (a small section of what was "C5" and guard tower still remain).[1] A modern (by 1960's standards) prison for women operated adjacent to this site until 2000 and was demolished in 2006.[citation needed]

Since 1992 the No.2 Division was home to the Boggo Road Gaol Museum, which featured displays of prison-related artefacts. Throughout the 1990s ex-officers conducted guided tours of the site, and from 2003 the museum and tours were operated by the Boggo Road Gaol Historical Society, a non-profit incorporated association of volunteers.[8] Since December 2012, Boggo Road Gaol became a tourist attraction for Queensland, with guided tours being conducted by Boggo Road Gaol Pty, who are now officially licensed to run tours and events at the gaol.[9][10] Like many other similar places around the country, the site also hosts guided ghost tours, run by Boggo Road Gaol Pty[11]

Redevelopment of the surrounding site began in 2006, leading to the temporary closure of the Boggo Road Gaol historical site. The No.2 Division prison buildings will be preserved according to its heritage listing.[4] Since 2012 the gaol has been re-opened to the public.[9] Boggo Road has since been turned into an urban village called Boggo Road Urban Village and was completed in 2010.[12][13]

The gaol was originally designed to cater for 40 male prisoners serving as a holding place for prisoners heading to St Helena Island in Moreton Bay.[14] However by 1989 there were 187 male prisoners and the women's facility had around 200 additional prisoners.

Heritage listing[edit]

The No 2 Division and the remnants of No 1 Division were listed on the Queensland Heritage Register in 1993.[15]

Notable prisoners[edit]

Executions[edit]

42 prisoners were hanged at the Gaol.[19]

Plaque on gallows beam used at Boggo Road Gaol
Name Year of birth Year of death Place of origin Victims
James Gardiner 1864 1883 Scotland Murder of Ada Gardiner at Rockhampton[20]
Jango c.1866 1883 Australia (Aboriginal) Murder of Mrs Eliza Mills at Dingo[20]
George 1858 1883 Australia (Aboriginal) Rape of young girl at Rockhampton[20]
Walter Edward Gordon 1857 1885 England Murder of Walter Bunning on Darr River Downs station[21]
Tim Tie 1856 1886 China Murder of Jimmy Ah Fook near Dulbydilla[22]
Wong Tong 1857 1886 China Murder of Cock Tow at the Seaview Plantation, Bundaberg[23]
Christopher Pickford 1856 1887 United States Murder of Martin Emmerson at Ravenswood[24]
Ellen Thompson 1846 1887 Ireland Murder of her husband William Thompson near Port Douglas[25]
John Harrison 1860 1887 England Murder of William Thompson near Port Douglas[25]
Edmond Duhamel 1851 1888 France Murder of Sarah Descury at Rockhampton[26][27]
Sedin 1864 1888 Java Murders of John Fitzgerald, Christian Mariager, and J. P. Davis at Normanton[26]
Donald c.1863 1892 Australia (Aboriginal) Rape of a married white woman[28]
Francis Charles Horrocks 1875 1892 Queensland Murder of Rudolph Weissmuller at Mooraree[29]
George Gleeson 1865 1892 India Murder of Patrick McKiernan at Prince of Wales Island[30]
Leonard William Moncado 1850 1892 Chile Murder of Bob, an Aboriginal boy aboard the barque "Sketty Belle"[31]
George Thomas Blantern 1858 1893 England Murder of Flora McDonald at Marlborough[32]
Hatsuro Abe 1863 1894 Japan Murder of a Japanese woman named Omatzie at Thursday Island[33]
Mi-Orie 1866 1895 Malaita Island Murder of Francis Macartney near Bundaberg[31]
Narasemai 1862 1895 Malaita Island Murder of Francis Macartney near Bundaberg[31]
Sayer (Safhour) 1870 1895 Malaita Island Murder of Peter Anderson at Etowrie, near Mackay[34]
Jacky 1864 1895 Australia (Aboriginal) Murder of Jacky Williams at Mount Morgan[35]
Frank Tinyana 1858 1895 Filipino Murder of Senior Constable William Conroy at Thursday Island[36]
Willie Broome 1870 1900 Australia (Aboriginal) Murder of thirteen-year-old Mary Le Blowitz at Stanton

Harcourt, near Bundaberg[31]

Charles Beckman 1859 1901 Germany Murder of Alfred Anderson at McCartney's Creek, near Bowen[37]
Wandee 1881 1901 South Sea Islands Murder of Alfred Burnstead at Ayr[31]
John Rheuben 1846 1901 Portugal Murder of Fanny Hardwick at Rockhampton[31]
Orifough 1879 1901 South Sea Islands Murder of Morris Summers at Ashburton, near Mackay[38]
David Alexander Brown 1846 1901 USA Murder of Graham Haygrath at Charters Towers[31]
Patrick Kenniff 1865 1903 NSW Murder of Police Constable George Doyle at Lethbridge's Pocket near Carnarvon[31]
Sow Too Low 1875 1903 Malaita Island Murders of Sergeant David Johnson, John Martin and Alice Gunning in the Mackay area[39]
Gosano 1870 1905 South Sea Islands Murder of Jack Parsons at Ingham[40]
James Warton 1845 1905 Ireland Murder of William Munday at Toowong[41]
Johannes 1867 1906 Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Murder of Police Constable Albert G. Price[42] at Mackay[43]
Twadiga 1876 1906 Solomon Islands Murder of William Baulch at Mackay[43]
Look Kow 1844 1906 China Murder of Lee Choy Yuen at Townsville[31][44]
August Millewski 1855 1907 Germany Murder of Wallum Nabby at Nanango[45]
Bismarck 1886 1909 Australia (Aboriginal) Murder of Mrs Janet Evitts at Jundah[46]
Arthur Ross 1888 1909 England Murder of James Muir (Bank Clerk) at Gayndah[47]
Alexander Bradshaw 1882 1910 Queensland Murder of George Sutherland at Carron River (The charge of murder of Sutherland's wife Alice was then not proceeded with)[48][49]
George David Silva 1884 1912 Queensland/Ceylon Murdered six members of the Ching family at Alligator Creek[50][51]
Charles Deen 1865 1913 Ceylon Murder of Peter Dina (Or Dinah) at Innisfail[52][53]
Ernest Austin 1890 1913 Victoria Rape and murder of 11-year-old Ivy Mitchell at Cedar Creek Rd, Samford[54][55]

Popular culture[edit]

Boggo Road is mentioned in the Australian soap opera Prisoner as the prison where Joan Ferguson worked at prior to coming to Melbourne. It was also visited in the season final of The Amazing Race Australia 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Boggo Road Gaol: No 2 Division and Remnant No 1 Division (entry 15808)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  2. ^ a b c Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarang Publications. p. 53. ISBN 0-908175-41-8. 
  3. ^ http://www.boggoroadgaol.com
  4. ^ a b "Boggo Road Urban Village". Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation. 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  5. ^ Vera Raymond (nee Sanders), 1900-1982, resident of Annerley
  6. ^ "Boggo Road timeline". Boggo Road Gaol Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  7. ^ a b "History of Brisbane's Dutton Park". ourbrisbane.com. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  8. ^ 'Boggo Road Gaol Museum' http://www.boggoroadgaol.com.au/History%20pages/BRGM.html
  9. ^ a b "Brisbane's Historic Boggo Road Gaol to Reopen As Tourist Attraction After Seven Years". Courier Mail. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "Boggo Road Gaol Tours". Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Boggo Road Gaol Tours". Boggo Road Gaol. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Boggo Jail to become urban village". Brisbane Times. 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-04-10. 
  13. ^ Department of Housing and Public Works http://www.hpw.qld.gov.au/construction/Projects/Pages/BoggoRoadUrbanVillage.aspx. Retrieved 24 June 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ Denise Cullen (2007-09-15). "Dark Secrets". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 2009-07-15. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Boggo Road Gaol: No 2 Division and Remnant No 1 Division (entry 15808)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  16. ^ My Descent from Soapbox to Senate. Co-operative Press, Brisbane, 1953
  17. ^ "Boggo Jail". George Negus Tonight: Transcript. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2004-09-13. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  18. ^ "Memorial to victims of bushrangers". ABC Local Radio. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2002-04-03. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  19. ^ 'Boggo Road hangings' http://www.boggoroadgaol.com.au/History%20pages/Hanging.html
  20. ^ a b c The triple executionThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  21. ^ Execution in Brisbane GaolThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  22. ^ The Haunting Question — boggoroadgaol.com.au. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  23. ^ Execution at Brisbane GaolThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
  24. ^ Execution of PickfordThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  25. ^ a b The double executionThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  26. ^ a b Two murderers hangedThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  27. ^ The Rockhampton murderSouth Australian Register. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  28. ^ Execution in BrisbaneThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  29. ^ The Hemmant murderThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  30. ^ Double execution in Brisbane GaolThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i Boggo Road History 1 — mytalk.com.au. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  32. ^ Execution of BlanternThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  33. ^ Execution of AbbiThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  34. ^ Execution in the Brisbane GaolThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  35. ^ Double executionThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  36. ^ Named in honour of William ConroyQueensland Water Police. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  37. ^ The execution of BeckmanThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  38. ^ Execution at Boggo Road GaolThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  39. ^ Execution of Soo Too LowThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  40. ^ The Ingham murderThe Brisbane Courier. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  41. ^ "EXECUTION OF WARTON.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 18 July 1905. p. 2. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  42. ^ ROLL OF HONOUR 1904–1963Queensland Police. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  43. ^ a b "DOUBLE EXECUTION.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 15 May 1906. p. 6. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  44. ^ "CHINAMAN EXECUTED.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 1 January 1907. p. 2. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  45. ^ "A MURDERER EXECUTED.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 17 December 1907. p. 6. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  46. ^ "THE JUNDAH MURDER.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 20 April 1909. p. 2. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  47. ^ "EXECUTION OF ROSS.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 8 June 1909. p. 5. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  48. ^ "EXECUTION OF BRADSHAW. THE CARRON RIVER MURDERER.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 14 June 1910. p. 3. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  49. ^ "THE CRIME RECALLED.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 14 June 1910. p. 3. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  50. ^ Boggo Road History 1 — mytalk.com.au. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  51. ^ 100 years on: Ching family massacreDaily Mercury Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  52. ^ "THE INNISFAIL MURDER.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 6 May 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "THE CRIME.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 6 May 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  54. ^ "THE SAMFORD MURDER. AUSTIN EXECUTED.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 23 September 1913. p. 8. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  55. ^ "HISTORY OF THE CRIME.". The Brisbane Courier (National Library of Australia). 23 September 1913. p. 8. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Boggo Road Gaol at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 27°29′42″S 153°01′42″E / 27.49512°S 153.02842°E / -27.49512; 153.02842