Boggo Road Gaol
Entrance to Boggo Road Gaol, Brisbane, ca. 1936
|Location||Dutton Park, Queensland, Australia|
|Security class||Maximum Security|
|Managed by||At first prisons fell under the control of the Sheriff until the 1890s. The Prisons Department (later the Department of Correctional Services), ran the site until closure. As a historical site the prison was run by different government departments, including State Development and Public Works.|
Boggo Road Gaol (alt. and older spelling "Bogga") was a notorious and heritage-listed Australian prison located on Annerley Road in Dutton Park, an inner southern suburb of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. The site is the only surviving intact gaol in Queensland that reflects penological principles of the 19th century. For many years it was Queensland's main prison.
It was officially known as "Brisbane Jail" but was commonly known as "Boggo Road Jail" because Annerley Road became known as "Boggo Road" due to its poor condition, after originally being named "Bolgo Road". Boggo Road was originally an unofficial and unmaintained short-cut between Ipswich Road and Stanley Street that became very boggy after rain.
In 1863, land off Boggo Road was surveyed and set aside as a government reserve before being proclaimed a gaol reserve in 1880. The first cellblock opened on 2 July 1883, and over the years many other buildings came and went on the site. The first buildings were built by Robert Porter, contained 57 cells and were constructed using materials from the demolished Petrie Terrace Jail. In 1903 a prison was built to hold female prisoners. This later became known as the No.2 Division, and is now the only prison building still standing. It is heritage-listed. The 'No.1 Division' built in 1883 was the scene of 42 hangings, including the hanging of Ernest Austin in 1913—the last execution in Queensland. A new prison was built around the perimeter of No.1 prison during the 1960s and No.1 prison was demolished leaving area for an oval and recreational facilities for the newly built prison and this prison had running cold water and toilet facilities in all cells. Under the oval was the facility that became known as the "black hole" where prisoners were subjected to "punishment". The "black hole" continued in use until the late '80s.
Protests at the gaol during the 1980s saw inmates undertake hunger strikes, roof top protests, and rioting over the poor conditions and treatment. The prison was constantly in the headlines and became notorious around Australia. Cells did not have any form of sanitation and facilities for washing were lacking. Prisoners were required to use a bucket through the evening for toilet breaks and empty it, or 'slop out', in the morning. A Queensland Government inquiry into the living conditions of State prisons found Boggo Road to be outdated and inadequate for prisoners' needs. No.2 Division was closed in 1989. No.1 division was closed in 1992 and was demolished in 1996 (a small section of what was "C5" and guard tower still remain). A modern (by 1960's standards) prison for women operated adjacent to this site until 2000 and was demolished in 2006.
Since 1992 the No.2 Division has been home to the Boggo Road Gaol Museum, which featured displays of prison-related artefacts. Throughout the 1990s ex-officers conducted guided tours of the site, and from 2003 the museum and tours were operated by the Boggo Road Gaol Historical Society, a non-profit incorporated association of volunteers. Like many other similar places around the country, the site also hosted ghost tours.
Redevelopment of the surrounding site began in 2006, leading to the temporary closure of the Boggo Road Gaol historical site. The No.2 Division prison buildings will be preserved according to its heritage listing. It is expected to re-open around 2011. The redevelopment will be called Boggo Road Urban Village and will be completed in 2010.
The gaol was originally designed to cater for 40 male prisoners serving as a holding place for prisoners heading to St Helena Island in Moreton Bay. However by 1989 there were 187 male prisoners and the women's facility had around 200 additional prisoners.
- Hon. Gordon Brown – a former President of the Australian Senate.
- James Finch and Andrew Stuart – the "Whiskey Au-Go-Go" murderers.
- Arthur 'Slim' Halliday – murderer and escapologist.
- Nathan Jones – actor and professional wrestler.
- Patrick Kenniff – also known as Queensland's last bushranger.
- Debbie Kilroy – prisoner rights activist, founder of Sisters Inside.
- Craig Petersen – heavyweight boxing champion.
- Michael Peterson – Australian surfing legend.
- Ellen Thomson – the only woman hanged in Queensland.
42 prisoners were hanged at the Gaol.
|Name||Year of birth||Year of death||Place of origin|
|Walter Edward Gordon||1857||1885||England|
|Francis Charles Horrocks||1875||1892||Queensland|
|Leonard William Moncado||1850||1892||Chile|
|George Thomas Blantern||1858||1893||England|
|Mi Orie||1866||1895||Malaita Island|
|Sayer (Safhour)||1870||1895||Malaita Island|
|Willie Broom||1870||1900||Australia (Aboriginal)|
|Wandee||1881||1901||South Sea Islands|
|Arafau||1879||1901||South Sea Islands|
|David Alexander Brown||1846||1901||USA|
|Sow Too Low||1875||1903||Malaita Island|
|Gosano||1870||1905||South Sea Islands|
|Johannes||1867||1906||Ceylon (Sri Lanka)|
|George David Silva||1884||1912||Queensland/Ceylon|
Boggo Road is mentioned in the Australian soap opera Prisoner (Prisoner: Cell Block H) as the prison where Joan Ferguson worked at prior to coming to Melbourne. It was also visited in the season final of The Amazing Race Australia 2
- "Boggo Road Gaol: No 2 Division and Remnant No 1 Division (entry 15808)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarang Publications. p. 53. ISBN 0-908175-41-8.
- "Boggo Road Urban Village". Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation. 2009-02-14. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Vera Raymond (nee Sanders), 1900-1982, resident of Annerley
- "Boggo Road timeline". Boggo Road Gaol Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "History of Brisbane's Dutton Park". ourbrisbane.com. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- 'Boggo Road Gaol Museum' http://www.boggoroadgaol.com.au/History%20pages/BRGM.html
- "Boggo Jail to become urban village". Brisbane Times. 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
- Denise Cullen (2007-09-15). "Dark Secrets". The Australian. News Limited. Retrieved 2009-07-15.[dead link]
- "Boggo Road Gaol: No 2 Division and Remnant No 1 Division (entry 15808)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19.
- My Descent from Soapbox to Senate. Co-operative Press, Brisbane, 1953
- "Boggo Jail". George Negus Tonight: Transcript. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2004-09-13. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Memorial to victims of bushrangers". ABC Local Radio. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2002-04-03. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- 'Boggo Road hangings' http://www.boggoroadgaol.com.au/History%20pages/Hanging.html
Media related to Boggo Road Gaol at Wikimedia Commons
- Boggo Road Gaol Historical Society website
- Boggo Road Prison (Steve Gage)
- History of Boggo Road Gaol