Bogle

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For the event named Bogle Stroll, see Bogle Stroll. For people named Bogle, see Bogle (surname). For the game of similar name, see Boggle.
This article is about the folkloric creature. For the Jamaican dancehall artist known as "Bogle" and "Mr Wacky", see Bogle (dancer).
Bogle
(Boggle
Bogill)
Grouping Folkloric creature
Sub grouping Household spirit
Similar creatures Boggart
Mythology Northumbrian and Lowlands Folklore
Country Scotland and England
Region Lowland Scotland/Northumbria
Habitat Within the home

A bogle, boggle or bogill is a British (particularly Northumbrian[1] and Scots) term for a ghost or folkloric being,[2] used for a variety of related folkloric creatures including Shellycoats,[3] Barguests,[3] Brags,[3] the Hedley Kow[1][4] and even giants such as those associated with Cobb's Causey[4] (also known as "ettins", "yetuns" or "yotuns" in Northumberland).[4] They are reputed to live for the simple purpose of perplexing mankind, rather than seriously harming or serving them.[3]

The name is derived from the Middle-English Bugge (of which the term bogey is also derived) which is in turn a cognate of the German term word bögge (of which böggel-mann ("Goblin") is derived)[5][6][7] and possibly the Norwegian dialect word bugge meaning "important man".[8] The Welsh Bwg could also be connected,[5] and was thought in the past to be the origin of the English term; however, it has been suggested that it is itself a borrowing from Middle English.[9][10]

One of the most famous usages of the term was by Gavin Douglas, who was in turn quoted by Robert Burns at the beginning of Tam O' Shanter:[11]

Of Brownyis and of Bogillis full is this Buke.

There is a popular story of a bogle known as Tatty Bogle, who would hide himself in potato fields (hence his name) and either attack unwary humans or cause blight within the patch. This bogle was depicted as a scarecrow, "bogle" being an old name for "scarecrow" in various parts of England and Scotland.[12] Another popular Scottish reference to bogles comes in The Bogle by the Boor Tree, a poem passed down in the Scottish dialect. In this ghostly ode, the Bogle is heard in the wind and in the trees to "fricht wee weans".

In the Scottish lowlands circa 1950 AD a bogle was a ghost as was a bogey-man, and a Tattie-Bogle was a scarecrow, used to keep creatures out of the potato fields. All three words were in common use among the children.

It is unclear what the connection is between "Bogle" and various other similarly named creatures in various folklores.[13] The "Bocan" of the Highlands may be a cognate of the Norse Puki however,[14] and thus also the English "Puck".[15][16][17]

The Larne Weekly Reporter of 31 March 1866, in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, carried a front page article entitled Bogles in Ballygowan, detailing strange goings on in a rural area where a particular house became the target for missiles being thrown through windows and on one occasion through the roof. Local people were terrified. The occurrences appeared to have ceased after several months and were being blamed on the fact that the house in question had been refurbished using materials from an older house that was apparently the preserve of the "little people". This is one of the few references in Northern Ireland to "bogles" although the phrase "bogey man" is widely used.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rambles in Northumberland, and on the Scottish border ... by William Andrew Chatto, Chapman and Hall, 1835
  2. ^ The local historian's table book, of remarkable occurrences, historical facts, traditions, legendary and descriptive ballads [&c.] connected with the counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland and Durham. by Moses Aaron Richardson, M. A. Richardson, 1843
  3. ^ a b c d Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border by Walter Scott, Sr.
  4. ^ a b c Northumberland Words – A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Northumberland and on the Tyneside -, Volume 1 by Richard Oliver Heslop, Read Books, 2008, ISBN 978-1-4097-6525-7
  5. ^ a b "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  6. ^ Middle English Dictionary by Sherman M. Kuhn, Hans Kurath, Robert E. Lewis, University of Michigan Press, 1958, ISBN 978-0-472-01025-7, p.1212
  7. ^ Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary, 11th edition, Merriam-Webster, 2003, ISBN 978-0-87779-809-5, p.162
  8. ^ The Merriam-Webster new book of word histories, Merriam-Webster, 1991, ISBN 978-0-87779-603-9, p.71
  9. ^ Metatony in Baltic, Volume 6 of Leiden studies in Indo-European by Rick Derksen, Rodopi, 1996, ISBN 90-5183-990-1, ISBN 978-90-5183-990-6, p.274
  10. ^ Lexical reflections inspired by Slavonic *bog : English bogey from a Slavonic root?, Brian Cooper 1, Department of Slavonic Studies, University of Cambridge, Correspondence to Department of Slavonic Studies, University of Cambridge, Sidgwick Avenue, Cambridge CB3 9DA
  11. ^ Robert Burns: how to know him by William Allan Neilson, The Bobbs-Merrill company, 1917
  12. ^ Seven Scots Stories by Jane Helen Findlater, Ayer Publishing, 1970
  13. ^ An analytic dictionary of English etymology: an introduction by Anatoly Liberman, J. Lawrence Mitchell, University of Minnesota Press, 2008 ISBN 978-0-8166-5272-3
  14. ^ A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language by Malcolm MacLennan, pub. Acair / Aberdeen University Press 1979
  15. ^ A Midsummer Night's Dream, page xix by William Shakespeare, Ebenezer Charlton Black
  16. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Quoth the maven by William Safire

External links[edit]