Bogo, Cebu

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Component City
City of Bogo
(From top, left to right) : San Vicente Ferrer church, The Shrine of Our Lady of Miraculous Medal, Bogo City Hall, Capitancillo Islet, Bogo Public Plaza.
Map of Cebu showing the location of Bogo City
Map of Cebu showing the location of Bogo City
Bogo is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.033°N 124.000°E / 11.033; 124.000Coordinates: 11°02′N 124°00′E / 11.033°N 124.000°E / 11.033; 124.000
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
Congr. district 4th district of Cebu
16 June 2007
Barangay 29 (see § Barangays)
 • Mayor Junie Espinosa Martinez (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Santiago Araneta Sevilla
 • Total 103.52 km2 (39.97 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 69,911
 • Density 680/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym Bogohanon
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 6th class city[a]
PSGC 072211000

Bogo (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bogo; Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Bogo;), officially the City of Bogo, established in 2007 by Republic Act 9390,[6] is a sixth class city in the province of Cebu, Philippines.[a] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 69,911.[3]

Bogo is located in the northeastern coast of Cebu province, on the principal island of Cebu. It is 101 kilometres (63 mi) from the provincial capital, Cebu City and is accessible by land and sea. Bogo has an area of 103.52 square kilometres (40.0 sq mi), which constitutes 2.3% of the area of Cebu island and 2.1% of the total land area of Cebu province. The city marches with: Medellin to the north, San Remigio to the west, and Tabogon to the south; on the east it is bound by Camotes Sea.[7][8]


Bogo comprises 29 barangays:[2]

  • Anonang Norte
  • Anonang Sur
  • Banban
  • Binabag
  • Bungtod (Pob.)
  • Carbon (Pob.)
  • Cayang
  • Cogon (Pob.)
  • Dakit
  • Don Pedro Rodriguez
  • Gairan
  • Guadalupe
  • LaPaz
  • La Purisima Concepcion (Pob.)
  • Libertad
  • Lourdes
  • Malingin
  • Marangog
  • Nailon
  • Odlot
  • Pandan (Pandan Heights)
  • Polambato
  • Sambag (Pob.)
  • San Vicente (Pob.)
  • Santo Niño
  • Santo Rosario (Pob.)
  • Siocon
  • Sudlonon
  • Taytayan


The year 1600 saw the founding of a real settlement which was subsequently transformed into a barangay with small huts made of cogon grass and bamboo, standing where the Bogo Central Extension now stands. While the barangay was then part of another community in the north (today's town of Daanbantayan), the natives enjoyed tacit freedom of self-rule although they continued to pay tributes and taxes to the chieftain of Daanbantayan. This barangay grew in prominence and for this reason, it was separated from Daanbantayan. In January 1850 the Bishop of Cebu, appointed Spanish friar Fr Jaime Micalot as the first parish priest of Bogo and decreed Saint Vincent Ferrer as the town's patron saint.[9][10][11]

The first mass was celebrated in the hastily built chapel on April 5, 1850, to coincide with the death anniversary of the patron saint. This chapel was later gutted by fire and a new stone church was constructed at the place where the Bogo Town Plaza is now located. About this time, the Spanish authorities in Bogo introduced civil government. Pedro Aballe became the first Cabeza de Barangay or mayor from 1864 to 1869.[12] Senator Pedro L. Rodriguez, popularly known as the Grand Old Man of Bogo named one of the oldest streets of the town after him.[9][10][11]

In those times, a cabeza de barangay took charge of the collection of tributes to support the encomienda system of Spain. Later the tribute was substituted by the "papelita" (cedula) which the individual paid in two installments annually. A taxpayer who could not afford to pay the cost of papelita in the amount of P1.50 was made to work on local projects at fifty centavos a week. Because of this, a good number of delinquent taxpayers escaped and hid in the mountain fastness of Bogo.[9][11]

Early historians aver that the town of Bogo derived its name from a lone bogo tree or Garuga floribunda,[13][14] which stood on the shore where now is Bogo wharf. Here the inhabitants met traders who sailed in loaded with goods to be sold or bartered.[11] Thus this spot became a rendezvous for traders and merchants as well as for nature-lovers and leisure-seekers. Some of these traders remained and married locals.[9][11]

A few years before the turn of the 20th century, eventful episodes took place in the town marked by fire and blood. The nationalistic fervor of the Katipuneros in Luzon fanned the flames of the resistant movement in Cebu. In Bogo, the younger kin of the Katipuneros, the so-called "Pulahans", exacted heavy tolls on the forces of the cazadores (guardia civil) (cf Caçadores) during fierce encounters near the outskirts of the town. Although the Pulahans were ill-armed, untrained and outnumbered at times, they nevertheless continued to hit back at the enemy.[9][10][15]

Success seemed almost within reach when in 1898 an American cavalry unit under Captain Rowan landed at Nailon point and proceeded to the poblacion where his troops assembled in front of the church. He was met by Pedro L. Rodriguez then presidente municipal of the town, and they soon sealed an agreement for the protection of the civilian populace of the town.[9][10][15]

World War II[edit]

Again in 1941, the Philippines, being a territory of the United States, became a battleground in an undeclared war between the invading Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined Filipino–American troops. After the surrender of the USAFFE many from Bogo refused to swear allegiance to the Japanese. They went into the hills and organized guerrilla warfare headed by disbanded officers of the constabulary and army units in the province.[9][10][15]

Cognizant of the anti-Japanese sentiment of this armed group who were determined to carry out harassment tactics against the occupation troops in northern Bogo, six Japanese seaplanes bombed the town of Bogo on the early morning of December 12, 1942. Several civilians were killed and many injured. In order to quell the seething rebellion, the Japanese military authorities in Cebu established a garrison in the town in a building now owned by the Northern Cebu Colleges. As a means to win the loyalty and support of the people of the town, a local puppet administration was established in Bogo under Japanese supervision, with Moises Lepatan appointed town mayor during the occupation.[9][10][15]

Liberation came in 1944, and civilian government soon restored. Former municipal secretary Perfecto Andrino was appointed first Mayor of Bogo by President Manuel Roxas in 1945. In the first election held after the war, Severo Verallo was elected with a considerable majority and appointed town mayor.[9][10][15]


The plebiscite for the cityhood of Bogo was held on 16 June 2007 in which 97.82% of voters of Bogo voted for cityhood. Former representative Clavel Asas-Martinez announced that the cityhood of Bogo has been ratified. It became the sixth component city of Cebu province.[16]

However on 19 November 2008, the City of Bogo was demoted along with 2 other cities in Cebu and 13 other cities in the Philippines, because the Supreme Court ruled that the 16 cities did not pass the requirements for cityhood.[17][18]

On December 10, 2008, Bogo and the other 15 cities affected (now joined together as the 'League of Cities of the Philippines' – LCP) filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on December 22, 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law" (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) "is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[19] Accordingly cityhood status was restored.

But on August 27, 2010, the LCP lost their city status again, after the Supreme Court voted 7-6, with two justices not taking part, to reinstate a 2008 decision declaring as "unconstitutional" the Republic Acts that converted 16 municipalities into cities.[20][21] A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least P100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.

On February 15, 2011, the Supreme Court upheld for the third time the cityhood of Bogo and 15 other towns in the Philippines.[22]

And on April 12, 2011, Supreme Court en banc ruling held in Baguio City, promulgated and resolved that:

We should not ever lose sight of the fact that the 16 cities covered by the Cityhood Laws not only had conversion bills pending during the 11th Congress, but have also complied with the requirements of the LGC prescribed prior to its amendment by R.A. No. 9009. Congress undeniably gave these cities all the considerations that justice and fair play demanded. Hence, this Court should do no less by stamping its imprimatur to the clear and unmistakable legislative intent and by duly recognizing the certain collective wisdom of Congress. WHEREFORE, the Ad Cautelam Motion for Reconsideration (of the Decision dated 15 February 2011) is denied with finality.[22]

so affirming the finality of the constitutionality of the 16 cityhood laws.

On June 28, 2011 the Supreme Court directed the Clerk of Court to issue forthwith the entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities. Sealing with "the finality of the resolution upholding the constitutionality of the 16 Cityhood Laws absolutely warrants the respondents '​ "Motion for Entry of Judgment", the SC ruled."[23] This entry of judgment ended the cityhood battle of Bogo City and 15 other cities in the Philippines.

Government center[edit]

The new Bogo City Hall was inaugurated on April 19, 2013 by President Benigno Aquino III.[24] On November 8, 2013, a powerful super typhoon Haiyan,[25][26] also known as Yolanda, badly hit northern Cebu, where Bogo City is located and not spared the widespread devastation. Typhoon Yolanda destroyed almost everything from infrastructure to agriculture, 90% left homeless and thirteen died in Bogo, among more than 6,000 fatalities in Central Philippines. City Hall was one of the structures damaged: its roof got ripped off, its windows broken and other parts of the building also suffered damage.[27]


Population Census of Bogo City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 51,083 —    
1995 57,509 +2.24%
2000 63,869 +2.27%
2007 69,123 +1.10%
2010 69,911 +0.41%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][28]

Fiestas and festivals[edit]

Piyesta sa Bogo

Bogo City celebrates two town fiestas in every year in honor of its patron saint, Saint Vincent Ferrer.[9]

  • April 5 is the official feast day or the death anniversary of San Vicente Ferrer. Many pilgrims around the world will come to venerate the patron saint and almost all activities in this fiesta are religious activities only.
  • May 27 is considered the biggest town fiesta celebration where most visitors come to witness the events, which include the search for Ms Bogo Festival Queen and the celebration of the official festival of Bogo City, the Pintos Festival.[b] The Pintos Festival involves creative street dancing depicting the sangi (Planting) and thanksgiving of the abundant harvest and merrymaking through dancing the  '​Kuyayang '​ – a Bogohanon courtship dance staged in front of the community during fiestas. Barangays all around Bogo join together to form 5 cluster tribes.[29]
Bogo City Charter Day


Elementary schools[edit]

There are 25 elementary schools throughout the city:

  1. Anonang Norte Elementary School
  2. Anonang Sur Elementary School
  3. Araneta Learning Center (Bogo) - (Private preschool & elementary school)
  4. Banban Elementary School
  5. Binabag Elementary School
  6. Bogo Central School I
  7. Bogo Central School II
  8. Bogo Central School III (Gairan)
  9. Bogo Christian Learning & Development School - (Private preschool & elementary school)
  10. Bung-aw Elementary School
  11. Cayang Elementary School
  12. Combado Elementary School
  13. Dakit Elementary School
  14. Don Pedro Rodriguez Elementary School
  15. Guadalupe Elementary School
  16. La Paz Elementary School
  17. Libertad Elementary School
  18. Malingin Elementary School
  19. Marangog Elementary School
  20. Nailon Elementary School
  21. Odlot Elementary School
  22. Polambato Elementary School
  23. San Roque Child Development School (Private preschool & elementary school)
  24. Siokon Elementary School
  25. Taytayan Primary School

High schools[edit]

There are 11 high schools throughout the city:

  • Banban National High School
  • Binabag High School
  • Bartolome Piañar Municipal National High School Odlot Ext. (Dakit)
  • Cayang National High School Ext.
  • City of Bogo Science and Arts Academy ( Elementary and High School)
  • Don Potenciano Catarata Municipal National High School Ext. (Guadalupe)
  • La Paz National High School Ext.
  • Libertad National High School Ext.
  • Jovencio N. Masong National High School (Nailon)
  • Odlot National High School Ext.
  • San Roque Child Development School (Private Elementary and High School)


  • Cebu Roosevelt Memorial Colleges - (High School and College)
  • Felipe R. Verallo Memorial Foundation College, Inc. - (Elementary, High School, and College)
  • Northern Cebu Colleges - (High School and College)
  • St. Louise de Marillac College (Holy Family Academy) - (High School and College)
  • Liahona Institute of Technology


Radio stations
  • 1152 kHz Bag-ong Adlaw DYCM AM [1]-broadcast from Cebu City
  • 864 kHz Bantay Radio DYHH AM- relay station with broadcast originating from Cebu City
  • 91.7 MHz Radio Natin DYBG FM
  • 93.3 MHz Hug Radio FM
  • 94.1 MHz CRMC Radio DYVL FM
  • 94.9 MHz Countryside Radio DYCN-FM
  • 95.7 MHz Community Radio DYGO-FM 'Lokal95'
  • 96.5 MHz Radyo Sugbu DYVH-FM
  • 90.9 MHz Brigada News FM (soon to air)[2]
Cable and TV stations

Major TV networks based in the provincial capital, Cebu City have signals in the city


National and local daily newspapers, tabloids and magazines are available in the city. The City of Bogo has its own quarterly official publication ["KANAAS" Gikan sa Amihanan] (A Whisper from the North).[31][32]

City landmarks[edit]

  • The Archdiocesan Shrine of St. Vincent Ferrer
  • The Shrine of the Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal - Lapaz, Bogo City
  • Bogo City Hall
  • Capitancillo Islet
  • Bogo City Plaza Park
  • Bogo City Public Library and Museum

Notable Bogohanons[edit]

  • Pedro "Nyor Endong" Lazala Rodriguez (1869-1932), popularly known as the Grand Old Man of Bogo.[33]
  • Celestino Lazala Rodriguez (1872-1955), was elected municipal president of Cebu in 1904, deputy to the first Philippine Assembly from 1907 to 1909, deputised as senator during absence of his brother Pedro, elected senator for two consecutive terms from 1916 – 1928.[34]
  • Buenaventura Rodriguez (1892-1940), member Cebu Provincial board from 1921 to 1925, representative of Cebu City first district from 1925 to 1929, Cebu Governor from 1936 to 1940.
  • Gabriel "Flash" Elorde (1935-1985), professional boxer, world super featherweight champion, one of the Great Boxers of the World.[35]
  • Marcelo "Celing" Briones Fernan (1927-1999), held the top position of the two branches of government of the Republic of the Philippines – as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and then as President of the Senate of the Philippines.
  • Vina Morales (born Sharon Garcia Magdayao, 1975) singer, actress and model.
  • Celestino "Junie" Espinosa Martinez Jr., Representative, 4th district, Cebu (1987-1998); chairman - Committee on Local Government; authored "RA 7160 – The Local Government Code of the Philippines";[36] former Undersecretary for Special Concerns of the Department of Agriculture; mayor of Bogo during the martial law regime – one of the vocal opposition, the present city mayor of Bogo City.

City hymn[edit]

The city hymn called "The Bogo Hymn" was written and composed by Bogo's known musician Teodoro "Dodong" Pedroza. The Bogo City council has passed an ordinance requiring all schools in Bogo to sing the Bogo Hymn in all flag-raising ceremonies and school programs just like the Philippine National Anthem, "Lupang Hinirang". Radio Stations based in Bogo are also required to play the hymn every sign-on and sign-off.[37][38][39] City legislation prohibits the alteration of the lyrics, tempo and tune in the rendition of Bogo hymn entitled "Padayon Bogo".[40]


  1. ^ a b City income for 2012 was ₱267 million,[4] but at 2008 prices this reduces to ₱230m, placing city in fourth class. Philippine Statistics Authority places city in 6th class.[5]
  2. ^ "PINTOS" is a popular delicacy made from ground corn and wrapped in corn husk.


  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ LGPMS
  5. ^ 072211000
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 9390 of 15 March 2007 Charter of the City of Bogo. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  7. ^ “General Info. – The Land”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  8. ^ “Geography of Bogo”, BOGO On Line.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j “General Info. – History”, City of Bogo Official Website.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g The History of Bogo, BOGO On Line.
  11. ^ a b c d e Political History1-First Execs, BOGO On Line.
  12. ^ Political History2-Spanish Regime, BOGO On Line.
  13. ^ “The Bogo Tree”(Garuga Floribunda), BOGO On Line.
  14. ^ The Bogo Tree, scientifically named “Garuga Floribunda”, posted by The Bogo Times.
  15. ^ a b c d e Government & Politics - Political History, BOGO On Line.
  16. ^ Comelec affirms Bogo is now 6th city of Cebu., Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  17. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities’ demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  18. ^ granted a petition
  19. ^ SC reverses self, upholds creation of 16 cities.
  20. ^
  21. ^ SC Reinstates 2008 Decision Voiding 16 Cityhood Laws
  22. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951 of 15 February 2011 League of Cities v. COMELEC
  23. ^ G.R.No.176951, Supreme Court of the Philippines Website. "June 28, 2011, resolution, the Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment". Retrieved on 23 March 2014.
  24. ^ Pinoy to campaign for local bets in cebu on friday to open bogo's p250m city hall, Media ng Bayan Website.Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  25. ^ // MONSTER TYPHOON GROWS STRONGER; 10 areas in Visayas under signal no.4], Philippine Star. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  26. ^ Yolanda hits northern Cebu – CNN iReport, CNN News. Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  27. ^ Devastation in Northern Cebu, Philippines, Sunstar Daily. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  28. ^ National Statistics Office - Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007[dead link]
  29. ^
  30. ^ Nationwide and local holidays list, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  31. ^ “Kanaas” Gikan sa Amihanan, The City of Bogo CeC and National Computer Center. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  32. ^ “Kanaas” Gikan sa Amihanan, City of Bogo Official Website
  33. ^ Don Pedro Rodriguez-Grand Old Man of Bogo., Bogo On Line.
  34. ^ Senate list, Senate of the Philippines Website. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  35. ^ Nathanielsz, Ronnie (8 September 2013). "Remembering one of the greatest The Flash Elorde story". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  36. ^ Republic Act No. 7160 of 10 October 1991 Local Government Code of 1991. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  37. ^ The Bogo City Hymn: A song that every true Bogohanon should know by the author Dante Mayor on 20 April 2010., Dante Mayor Post. Retrieved on 2 January 2014.
  38. ^ bogo hymn w lyrics – youtube
  39. ^ The Bogo Hymn, posted by The Bogo Times.
  40. ^ City of Bogo Official Website

External links[edit]