Bohain-en-Vermandois

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Bohain-en-Vermandois
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Bohain-en-Vermandois
Coat of arms
Bohain-en-Vermandois is located in France
Bohain-en-Vermandois
Bohain-en-Vermandois
Coordinates: 49°59′11″N 3°27′15″E / 49.9864°N 3.4542°E / 49.9864; 3.4542Coordinates: 49°59′11″N 3°27′15″E / 49.9864°N 3.4542°E / 49.9864; 3.4542
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Saint-Quentin
Canton Bohain-en-Vermandois
Intercommunality Pays du Vermandois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean Louis Bricout
Area1 31.74 km2 (12.25 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 6,117
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02095 / 02110
Elevation 121–164 m (397–538 ft)
(avg. 130 m or 430 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bohain-en-Vermandois is a commune in the department of Aisne in Picardy in northern France.

It is the place where the painter Henri Matisse grew up.

History[edit]

Formerly called Bohain, the town acquired its current name, Bohain-en-Vermandois in 1956.

Ownership of the territory changed frequently during the medieval period, and Bohain continued to find its lordship disputed in the wars of the early modern period. Traces of fortifications (ditches, canon balls, bases of walls) can not only be found near to the primary school, but also in other spots of the town.

In its past, Bohain being unequivocally incorporated within France, industry and trading developed and the town became a major center for the textile industry. In parish records from the 17th century one of the most frequent occupations registered was that of "mulquinier", although the term is generally used to refer to fine fabrics craftworkers, it seems likely that in these very same records the term was also applied to anyone who worked at the weaver's trade.[1] It is recorded that Napoleon ordered a Bohainais weaver to work for the Empress Joséphine. The old textile factories have closed one after another, but weaving is still considered as a local tradition.

It has been reported that the Lord (seigneur) of Bohain gave up Joan of Arc to the English during the Hundred Years' War[citation needed].

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,100 —    
1800 2,152 +2.5%
1806 2,346 +9.0%
1821 2,558 +9.0%
1831 3,024 +18.2%
1836 3,393 +12.2%
1841 3,561 +5.0%
1846 3,998 +12.3%
1851 4,166 +4.2%
1856 4,501 +8.0%
1861 5,038 +11.9%
1866 5,322 +5.6%
1872 6,005 +12.8%
1876 6,005 +0.0%
1881 6,684 +11.3%
1886 6,705 +0.3%
1891 6,980 +4.1%
1896 7,423 +6.3%
1901 6,839 −7.9%
1906 6,788 −0.7%
1911 6,877 +1.3%
1921 5,917 −14.0%
1926 6,475 +9.4%
1931 6,614 +2.1%
1936 6,246 −5.6%
1946 5,833 −6.6%
1954 6,151 +5.5%
1962 6,726 +9.3%
1968 7,090 +5.4%
1975 7,513 +6.0%
1982 7,271 −3.2%
1990 6,955 −4.3%
1999 6,593 −5.2%
2008 6,117 −7.2%
The station at Bohain early in the 20th century

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Une riche tradition du textile (A rich textile tradition)". Bohain's website. Retrieved 2008-07-05.