Bohemia, New York
|Bohemia, New York|
|• Total||8.8 sq mi (22.7 km2)|
|• Land||8.7 sq mi (22.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||66 ft (20 m)|
|• Density||1,170.1/sq mi (450.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0944396|
Bohemia is a hamlet (and census-designated place) in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population was 10,180 at the 2010 census. It is situated along the South Shore of Long Island in the Town of Islip, approximately 30 miles from New York City.
Bohemia is bordered by Central Islip and Great River to the west; Islandia, Ronkonkoma and Lake Ronkonkoma to the north; Holbrook to the east; and Oakdale, Sayville, West Sayville, and Bayport to the south.
The main school district in the town is the Connetquot School District. The zip code is 11716 and the telephone area code is 631.
Many of Bohemia's current residents trace their ethnic heritage back to southern Italy, Ireland, and the former Czechoslovakia; although the town has become more diverse in recent years. A large percentage of Bohemia's growing population has migrated to the town from western Long Island, Brooklyn, and Queens. Accordingly, there is a sizable population of first generation Bohemians.
Long Island MacArthur Airport is partially located in Bohemia (along with the bordering town of Ronkonkoma, New York). The airport serves travelers from the Greater New York Metropolitan Area and around the nation who want a more convenient alternative to the congestion at JFK and Laguardia airports. The airport's most popular destinations include: Orlando, Florida; Chicago, Illinois; West Palm Beach, Florida; and Las Vegas, Nevada.
Connetquot River State Park is also located in Bohemia. The park provides an ideal location for horse back riding and because of this, the town harbors a unique equestrian culture. Many of the homes located along the park have stables and it is common to see locals walking their horses through the town's tree lined streets.
The area was founded as Bohemia in 1855 by Slavic immigrants who were the first Europeans to settle there in large numbers. These migrants came from a mountainous village near Kadaň in the Central European Kingdom of Bohemia, which is the town's namesake (Kadaň is located in present day Czech Republic). Their pilgrimage coincided with a wave of Bohemian nationals emigrating to the United States, many of whom embodied the free spirited and enlightened lifestyles synonymous with Bohemianism. They had taken part in the widespread revolutions against autocratic rule that had shaken Europe in 1848 and came seeking a new life in the United States. Work was hard to come by in New York and many of the men tried to support themselves as street musicians. An important contribution they made to the development of Long Island was adding their rich Central European folklore to the local culture, a nice compliment to the also rich oral tradition of the native people. Many of the first homes they built are located on the town's avenues and are distinguished by their cross gable roofs.
For 100 years, Bohemia remained a very small village most of whose residents were of Czech descent. With the development of all of Long Island after World War II, Bohemia also grew. At the time of the centennial in 1955, the population was about 3,000. Today there about 11,000 inhabitants from many national and ethnic backgrounds.
Local cigar industry
The Slavic immigrants came to the Bohemia with excellent cigar-making skills. There was once several cigar making factories in the town and the industry provided a living for many of the residents. Two notable cigar factories were Albert Kovanda's factory, located on the corner of Lakeland and Smithtown avenues, and the M. Foster Cigar Factory, located at Ocean avenue and Church street. The local cigar industry continued until the 1930s when mechanized production did away with the need for hand manufacturing. No cigar factories remain today.
Over the years, there have been a number of attempts to change the name of Bohemia, which some people felt was too tied to one ethnic group. They felt this was keeping new people and new businesses from coming to the town. Proposed new names have included: Sayville Heights, after the town immediately to the south; Lidice, after a Czech town destroyed by Nazi troops during World War II; and MacArthur, after the airport built in the 1940s (the airport is named for famed American General Douglas MacArthur). None of the efforts to change the name received enough public support to be finalized.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which, 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.34%) is water.
As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,871 people, 3,326 households, and 2,554 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,131.3 per square mile (436.6/km²). There were 3,387 housing units at an average density of 388.2/sq mi (149.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.61% White, 0.86% African American, 0.05% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.83% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.41% of the population.
There were 3,326 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.28.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $65,308, and the median income for a family was $73,218. Males had a median income of $46,449 versus $34,403 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,942. About 3.2% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Bohemia Historical Society
Dedicated to preserving the rich heritage of the hamlet, the Bohemia Historical Society (BHS) was founded in 1984. This non-profit local organization pursues this goal through its educational programs, slide presentations, involvement in community activities, a newsletter, its website and its museum. The museum was officially opened on April 26, 2009, and it houses a number of exhibits depicting life in the early days of Bohemia, a photograph collection, and a book collection that includes many historical Czech manuscripts. Additionally, the building serves as the society meeting place.
Connetquot River State Park
Connetquot River State Park Preserve maintains 3,473 acres of land and water for the protection and propagation of game birds, fish and animals. Deer and waterfowl are numerous, rare nesting birds, including the osprey, are present and there are numerous rare plants, such as trailing arbutus and pyxie moss in their natural habitats. The preserve also has 50 miles of hiking, horseback riding, cross-country ski and nature trails, as well as fishing (by permit only) on the Connetquot River.
District: Connetquot School District
High School: Connetquot High School, grades 9-12
Elementary: Sycamore Avenue School and John Pearl Elementary, grades K-5
Grades 6-8 are serviced by the Oakdale-Bohemia Middle School, located in neighboring Oakdale, New York (formerly known as Oakdale-Bohemia Junior High School).
The Dellacave Institute for Professional Development is located on Sycamore Avenue. The Institute offers a wide variety of courses designed for continued professional growth for lifetime learners.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Bohemia has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
- "Sayville Ferry Service". Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "The History of Bohemia". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "The History of Bohemia". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Cigar Making". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Bohemia, The Name". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Connetquot River State Park Preserve". Retrieved 2/8/2013.
- "Branford Hall/Bohemia, NY Campus". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "Dellacave Institute". Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Climate Summary for Bohemia, New York